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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FORM 10-K
 
 
 
 
 
x  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended March 30, 2019
or
¨  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
For the transition period from_______ to_______
 
 
 
 
 
Commission file number 001-36801
http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12916713&doc=16
Qorvo, Inc. 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
 
 
Delaware
 
 
 
46-5288992
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
7628 Thorndike Road, Greensboro, North Carolina 27409-9421
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(336) 664-1233
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value
 
Trading Symbol(s)
QRVO
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Nasdaq Global Select Market)
 
 
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None



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Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes ¨ No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer ¨
 
 
Non-accelerated filer ¨ 
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
 
 
Emerging growth company ¨
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No x

The aggregate market value of the registrant's common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $9,581,532,553 as of September 29, 2018. For purposes of such calculation, shares of common stock held by persons who held more than 10% of the outstanding shares of common stock and shares held by directors and officers of the registrant and their immediate family members have been excluded because such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination is not necessarily conclusive.

There were 119,149,525 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding as of May 10, 2019.
 
 
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The registrant has incorporated by reference into Part III of this report certain portions of its proxy statement for its 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, which is expected to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the registrant’s fiscal year ended March 30, 2019.
 
 



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QORVO, INC.
FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED MARCH 30, 2019
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 

 
 
 
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
Item 16.
Form 10-K Summary.
 
 
 
 
 

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Forward-Looking Information

This report includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including but not limited to certain disclosures contained in Item 7, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations." These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about our plans, objectives, representations and contentions, and are not historical facts and typically are identified by the use of terms such as "may," "will," "should," "could," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "forecast," "predict," "potential," "continue" and similar words, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently. You should be aware that the forward-looking statements included herein represent management's current judgment and expectations, but our actual results, events and performance could differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements. We do not intend to update any of these forward-looking statements or publicly announce the results of any revisions to these forward-looking statements, other than as is required under the federal securities laws.
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements included in this report, including the notes thereto.

PART I
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS.

Company Overview

Qorvo® is a product and technology leader at the forefront of the growing global demand for always-on broadband connectivity. We combine a broad portfolio of innovative radio frequency ("RF") solutions, highly differentiated semiconductor technologies, systems-level expertise and global manufacturing scale to supply a diverse group of customers in expanding markets, including smartphones and other mobile devices, defense and aerospace, Wi-Fi customer premises equipment ("CPE"), cellular base stations, and multiple Internet of Things ("IoT") applications including the smart home and connected car. Within these markets, our products enable a broad range of leading-edge applications – from very-high-power wired and wireless infrastructure solutions to ultra-low-power smart home solutions. Our products and technologies help people around the world connect with each other, access broadband data and critical networks, transact mobile commerce and interact through social media.

Our design and manufacturing expertise span many semiconductor process technologies, which we source both internally and through external suppliers. Our primary wafer fabrication facilities are in North Carolina, Oregon and Texas, and our primary assembly and test facilities are in China, Costa Rica, Germany and Texas. We also operate design, sales and other manufacturing facilities throughout Asia, Europe and North America.

Qorvo was incorporated in Delaware in 2013. Our principal executive office is located at 7628 Thorndike Road, Greensboro, North Carolina 27409 and our telephone number is (336) 664-1233.

Operating Segments

We design, develop, manufacture and market our products to U.S. and international original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") and original design manufacturers ("ODMs") in two operating segments: Mobile Products ("MP") and Infrastructure and Defense Products ("IDP").

MP is a global supplier of cellular RF and Wi-Fi solutions for a variety of mobile devices, including smartphones, wearables, laptops, tablets and cellular-based applications for the IoT.

IDP is a global supplier of RF and system-on-a-chip ("SoC") solutions for cellular base stations and other wireless communications infrastructure, defense, smart home, automotive and other IoT applications.

For financial information about the results of our reportable operating segments for each of the last three fiscal years, see Note 16 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.



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Markets and Products

Our business is diversified primarily across the following end markets: mobile devices; cellular base stations; defense and aerospace; Wi-Fi customer premises equipment; smart home; and automotive connectivity. These markets compose the primary building blocks of the IoT.

Mobile Devices
Our largest market, mobile devices, includes smartphones, wearables, laptops, tablets and other devices, operating primarily in 4G Long-Term Evolution ("LTE") networks. The mobile device market is characterized by the increasing demand for data, which is fueling the adoption of new wireless standards, frequency bands and architectures. This is increasing device complexity and placing a premium on RF solutions that reduce board space, improve signal quality, extend battery life and enhance the end-user experience.

The global deployment of 5G is a significant trend in our industry. 5G involves advanced RF modulation across a wide range of frequency bands, including sub-6 GHz frequencies and millimeter wave frequencies. This introduces new challenges related to wider bandwidth, signal integrity and overall system complexity. As frequency bands are added, new carrier aggregation band combinations are utilized, and Multiple-Input/Multiple-Output ("MIMO") architectures are implemented, smartphone makers are requiring transmit and receive functionality in more compact form factors. To address these requirements, Qorvo leverages its product and technology leadership, systems-level expertise and advanced integration capabilities to deliver high-performance discrete and highly integrated RF solutions.

Our mobile devices portfolio includes filters, duplexers, switches, multimode/multi-band power amplifiers ("PAs") and transmit modules, RF power management integrated circuits, antenna switch modules, antenna tuners, antennaplexers, highly integrated modules incorporating PAs and duplexers ("PADs") and highly integrated modules incorporating switches, PAs and duplexers ("S-PADs").

Our modules utilize sophisticated packaging capabilities to integrate high-performance components, including bulk acoustic wave ("BAW") filters, temperature-compensated surface acoustic wave ("TC-SAW") filters, silicon on insulator ("SOI") switches and low noise amplifiers ("LNAs"), and advanced gallium arsenide ("GaAs") PAs.

Our RF Fusion™ and RF Flex™ product families combine transmit and receive RF functionality in highly integrated multi-band, multi-mode modules.

Complementing RF Fusion and RF Flex, we offer envelope tracking power management solutions and antenna control solutions. These products improve RF performance while reducing the board space necessary to maximize data throughput.

Cellular Base Stations
IDP supports top-tier global cellular base station OEMs with a broad portfolio of RF solutions across frequency bands. User demand for high-speed data and global coverage is driving improved efficiency and expansion of the base station network, including the migration to 5G networks. Cellular operators have invested to acquire access to frequency spectrum and have conducted field trials to prove the viability of fixed and mobile 5G use cases. Initial 5G commercial networks are being deployed in high data-traffic metropolitan areas across the U.S., China and Korea, with other countries following suit. 5G networks require more power-efficient designs and solutions that enable increased capacity and coverage. To meet these demands, equipment manufacturers are moving to new RF frequency bands (2.5 GHz to 6 GHz, referred to as sub-6 GHz, and millimeter wave) that have wider channel bandwidths and are architecting radios that utilize massive MIMO active antenna array technology, increasing the number of RF transmit/receive channels by factors of 16 times, to as high as 256 times.

Our integrated solutions for massive MIMO systems include switch-LNA modules, variable gain amplifiers and integrated PA Doherty modules. Our GaAs and SOI solutions offer differentiated low noise performance, while our gallium nitride ("GaN") PAs target higher frequency bands and combine high linearity and efficiency with low power consumption.


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Defense and Aerospace
We are a leading supplier of RF products and compound semiconductor foundry services to global defense and aerospace markets. We directly engage with the U.S. government, primarily through contracts with the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Air Force Research Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research, to develop next-generation technologies for future high-power phased array radar, electronic warfare and communications systems. Our GaN manufacturing capabilities have achieved the U.S. Department of Defense's Manufacturing Readiness Level 10, the highest level in the industry. Our products for defense radar applications bring new capabilities to detect and neutralize threats against infantry, aircrew and shipboard forces around the globe. Our PAs provide the power at the heart of phased array radar. Our premium filtering solutions enable interference-free connections and maximize the utilization of frequency spectrum to meet the capacity and coverage requirements of existing and emerging RF communication systems. Our Spatium® line of solid-state, high-power products provide highly reliable, efficient broadband solutions to address the risk of complex electronic warfare threats across a broad frequency spectrum.

Wi-Fi Customer Premises Equipment
In Wi-Fi applications, consumer and enterprise customers are demanding faster data rates to support more and new applications in the connected home and office. Wi-Fi CPE includes routers, gateways, set-top boxes and enterprise infrastructure. Wi-Fi is in the process of migrating from the Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ac) communication standard to Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax). Similar to cellular base stations, Wi-Fi is also moving to MIMO to maximize range and capacity. Wi-Fi customers want better home and office coverage and the faster and more reliable connections required for video streaming, augmented/virtual reality and high-density user environments, all in the smallest form factors. We address these performance requirements by offering PAs, switches, LNAs and integrated BAW filters.

Smart Home
The smart home contains sensor devices that detect light, motion, temperature, whether doors are open, closed, locked or unlocked, and actuators that implement a command such as lowering the temperature or opening a garage door. These devices can be controlled via the internet through your computer, smartphone or through a direct peer-to-peer connection such as a voice-enabled remote control. These solutions utilize industry open standard technologies, including Bluetooth® Low Energy, Zigbee, and Thread to link to a central gateway, enabled by Wi-Fi products that connect to the internet. Smart home customers typically require standards agnostic products with long battery life that offer superior coexistence of multiple radios in a small unobtrusive form factor. Our multi-standard product portfolio, consisting of silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor ("CMOS") SoC hardware, firmware and application software, enable equipment manufacturers to quickly develop smart home products. To augment the SoC, we offer various configurations of filtering and amplification to extend system range. We offer solutions for various applications, including remote controls, home gateways, smart home products, wireless lighting and electronic shelf labels. Our smart home product development efforts are focused on power versus range, allowing whole home coverage on a single coin-cell battery. We are also engaged with overall ecosystem providers to develop products that enable new use cases and markets in the smart home, such as artificial intelligence-based systems that enable the elderly to continue to live safely in their homes.

Automotive Connectivity
The next-generation of cellular networks is enabling new use cases in automotive wireless connectivity, including streaming 4K video in-car infotainment, vehicle-to-vehicle communications, and autonomous driving. These new use cases require complex RF solutions incorporating multiple radios (GPS, satellite radio, LTE, Wi-Fi and millimeter wave). We provide a variety of automotive RF connectivity products, including BAW filters, LNAs, switches, PAs and LTE front end solutions, which meet automotive AEC-Q100 quality and reliability standards. We engage automotive OEMs, tier-1 suppliers and chipset vendors on reference designs to address future requirements.

Other Markets
We also participate in several smaller markets, including broadband cable, point-to-point radio and Very Small Aperture Terminal applications. Our products for these markets range from PAs to oscillators. In addition, we serve the traditional optical long-haul telecom networks that are the backbone of the nation's fiber optic network. Our products include optical modulator drivers and trans-impedance amplifiers, which support data rates from 10 gigabits per second to 600 gigabits per second.


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Research and Development

We invest in research and development ("R&D") to develop the advanced technologies and products necessary to serve our markets. Our R&D activities focus primarily on large, competitive design win opportunities for major programs at key customers, which typically requires us to improve the year-over-year functional density, performance, size and cost of our products. We also devote significant R&D resources for targeted development of new products for general release to various markets. Our R&D efforts require us to focus on both continuous improvement in our processes for design and manufacture as well as innovation in fundamental areas like materials, software and firmware, semiconductor process technologies, simulation and modeling, systems architecture, circuit design, device packaging, module integration and test.

We have developed several generations of GaAs, GaN, BAW and surface acoustic wave ("SAW") process technologies that we manufacture internally. We invest in these technologies to improve device performance, reduce die size and reduce manufacturing costs. We also help develop and qualify technologies in cooperation with key suppliers, including SOI for switches and tuners, silicon germanium (SiGe) for amplifiers, and CMOS for power management devices and SoC solutions. We combine these technologies with our proprietary design methods, intellectual property and other expertise to improve performance, increase integration and reduce the size and cost of our products.

We develop and qualify advanced packaging technologies to allow us to eliminate wire bonds, reduce component size, improve performance and reduce package costs. We are also investing in large scale module assembly and test capabilities to bring these technologies to market in very high volumes.

Raw Materials

We purchase numerous raw materials, passive components and substrates for our products and manufacturing processes. For our GaAs and GaN manufacturing operations, we use several raw materials, including GaAs and GaN on silicon carbide wafers. For our acoustic filter manufacturing operations, we use several raw materials, including wafers made from silicon, lithium niobate or lithium tantalate.

For our silicon-based products, we use third-party foundries. High demand for silicon wafers and wafer starting materials has led to supply constraints from time-to-time, and we have attempted to address this by qualifying multiple silicon foundries and by obtaining supply commitments, in some cases in exchange for purchase or capital commitments by us.

Our manufacturing strategy includes a balance of internal and external sites (primarily for assembly and test operations), which helps reduce costs, provides flexibility of supply, and minimizes the risk of supply disruption. We routinely qualify multiple sources of supply and manufacturing sites to reduce the risk of supply interruptions or price increases and closely monitor suppliers’ key performance indicators. Our suppliers' and our manufacturing sites are geographically diversified (with our largest volume sources distributed throughout Southern and Eastern Asia). We believe we have adequate sources for the supply of raw materials, passive components and substrates for our products and manufacturing needs.

Manufacturing

We are a manufacturer of BAW, GaN, GaAs, SAW, TC-SAW and silicon products. The majority of our products are multi-chip modules utilizing multiple semiconductor and acoustic material processing technologies. These products have varying degrees of complexity and contain semiconductors and other components that are manufactured in-house or outsourced.

We operate wafer fabrication facilities for the production of BAW, GaN, GaAs, SAW and TC-SAW wafers in Apopka, Florida; Greensboro, North Carolina; Hillsboro, Oregon; and Richardson, Texas. We also use multiple silicon-based process technologies, including SOI, SiGe and CMOS. We outsource all silicon manufacturing to leading silicon foundries located throughout the world. We have a global supply chain and ship millions of units per day.

We have our own flip chip, wire bond and wafer-level packaging ("WLP") technologies. Additionally, we use external suppliers for these and other packaging technologies.

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Once semiconductor wafers are manufactured, they are singulated, or separated, into individual units called die. Prior to singulation of wafers into die, we regularly conduct wafer level tests which could include electrical validation, RF testing through the designed frequency bands, as well as visual inspection. For module products, the next step is assembly. During assembly, the die and other components are placed on high-density interconnect substrates to provide connectivity between the die and the components. This populated substrate is formed into a microelectronic package. Next, the products are tested for RF performance and prepared for shipment through a tape and reel process. We primarily use internal assembly facilities in China, Costa Rica, Germany, and the U.S., and we also utilize external suppliers. We also manufacture large volumes of WLP die and discrete filters that our customers directly assemble into their products.

Manufacturing yields can vary significantly between products, based on a number of factors, including product complexity and the maturity of our manufacturing processes. To maximize wafer yields and quality, we test products multiple times, maintain continuous reliability monitoring and conduct numerous quality control inspections throughout the production flow.

Our internal manufacturing facilities require a high level of fixed costs, consisting primarily of occupancy costs, maintenance, repair, equipment depreciation, and fixed labor costs related to manufacturing and process engineering.

Integrated circuits and filter products are highly complex and sensitive to contaminants, and semiconductor fabrication requires highly controlled, clean environments. Wafers can be rejected or die on a wafer can be found to be nonfunctional as a result of minute impurities, variances in the fabrication process or defects in the masks used to transfer circuits onto the wafers.

Our manufacturing facilities worldwide are certified to the ISO 9001 quality standard, and select locations are certified to additional automotive (IATF 16949), aerospace (AS 9100) and environmental (ISO 14001) standards. These stringent standards are audited and certified by third-party auditors in addition to our continuous internal self-audits. The ISO 9001 standard is based on a number of quality management principles including a strong customer focus, the motivation of top management, the process approach and continual improvement. IATF 16949 is the highest international quality standard for the global automotive industry and incorporates specific additional requirements for the automotive industry. AS 9100 is the standardized quality management system for the aerospace industry. ISO 14001 is an internationally agreed upon standard for an environmental management system. We require that all of our key vendors and suppliers be compliant with select standards, as applicable.

Customers

We design, develop, manufacture and market products for leading U.S. and international OEMs and ODMs. We also collaborate with leading baseband reference design partners.

We provide our products to our largest end customer, Apple Inc. ("Apple"), through sales to multiple contract manufacturers, which in the aggregate accounted for 32%, 36%, and 34% of total revenue in fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. ("Huawei") accounted for 13%, 8% and 11% of our total revenue in fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. These customers purchase RF and Wi-Fi solutions for cellular base stations and a variety of mobile devices, including smartphones, wearables, laptops, tablets and cellular-based applications for the IoT.

Some of our sales to overseas customers are subject to export licenses or other restrictions imposed by the U.S. Department of Commerce (see Risk Factors in Part I, Item 1A set forth in this report).


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Sales and Marketing

We sell our products worldwide directly to customers as well as through a network of U.S. and foreign sales representative firms and distributors. We select our domestic and foreign sales representatives based on technical skills and sales experience, the presence of complementary product lines and the customer base served. We provide ongoing training to our internal and external sales representatives and distributors to keep them educated about our products. We maintain an internal sales and marketing organization that is responsible for key account management, application engineering support for customers, sales and advertising literature, and technical presentations for industry conferences. Our sales and customer support centers are located near our customers throughout the world.

Our website contains extensive product information, and includes an online store where customers can learn about our newest products, download product catalogs, order product samples and request evaluation boards. Our global team of application engineers interacts with customers during all stages of design and production, maintains regular contact with customer engineers, provides product application notes and engineering data, and assists in the resolution of technical problems. We maintain close relationships with our customers and platform providers and provide them strong technical support to help anticipate future product needs and enhance their customer experience.

Backlog and Seasonality

Our sales are the result of standard purchase orders or specific agreements with customers. We maintain Qorvo-owned finished goods inventory at certain customers’ "hub" locations and do not recognize revenue until our customers draw down the inventory at these hubs. Our customers’ projections of consumption of hub inventory and quantities on purchase orders, as well as the shipment schedules, are frequently revised within agreed-upon lead times to reflect changes in the customers’ needs. Because industry practice allows customers to cancel orders with limited advance notice prior to shipment, and with little or no penalty, we believe that backlog as of any particular date may not be a reliable indicator of our future revenue levels.

Historically, we have experienced seasonal fluctuations in the sale of mobile products, with revenue strongest in our second and third fiscal quarters and weakest in our fourth fiscal quarter.

Competition

We operate in a competitive industry characterized by rapid advances in technology and new product introductions. Our customers’ product life cycles are often short, and our competitiveness depends on our ability to improve our products and processes faster than our competitors, anticipate changing customer requirements and successfully develop and launch new products while reducing our costs. Our competitiveness is also affected by the quality of our customer service and technical support and our ability to design customized products that address each customer’s particular requirements within their cost limitations. The selection process for our products to be included in our customers’ products is highly competitive, and our customers provide no guarantees that our products will be included in the next-generation of products introduced.

MP competes primarily with the following companies: Broadcom Limited; Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.; Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.; and Skyworks Solutions, Inc. IDP competes primarily with the following companies: Analog Devices, Inc.; Cree, Inc.; M/A-COM Technology Solutions, Inc.; Skyworks Solutions, Inc.; and Sumitomo Electric Device Innovations.

Many of our current and potential competitors have entrenched market positions and customer relationships, established patents and other intellectual property and substantial technological capabilities. In some cases, our competitors are also our customers or suppliers. Additionally, many of our competitors may have significantly greater financial, technical, manufacturing and marketing resources than we do, which may allow them to implement new technologies and develop new products more quickly than we can.

Intellectual Property

We believe our intellectual property, including patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets, is important to our business, and we actively seek opportunities to leverage our intellectual property portfolio to promote our business interests. We also actively seek to monitor and protect our global intellectual property rights and to deter

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unauthorized use of our intellectual property and other assets. Such efforts can be difficult because of the absence of consistent international standards and laws. Moreover, we respect the intellectual property rights of others and have implemented policies and procedures to mitigate the risk of infringing or misappropriating third party intellectual property.

Patent applications are filed within the U.S. and in other countries where we have a market presence. On occasion, some applications do not mature into patents for various reasons, including rejections based on prior art. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as U.S. laws. We have approximately 1,400 patents that expire from 2019 to 2039. We also continue to acquire patents through acquisitions or direct prosecution efforts and engage in licensing transactions to secure the right to use third parties’ patents. In view of our rapid innovation and product development and the comparative pace of governments’ patenting processes, there is no guarantee that our products will not be obsolete before the related patents expire or are granted. However, we believe the duration and scope of our most relevant patents are sufficient to support our business, which as a whole is not significantly dependent on any particular patent or other intellectual property right. As we expand our products and offerings, we also seek to expand our patent prosecution efforts to cover such products.   

We periodically register federal trademarks, service marks and trade names that distinguish our product brand names in the market. We also monitor these marks for their proper and intended use. Additionally, we rely on non-disclosure and confidentiality agreements to protect our interest in confidential and proprietary information that gives us a competitive advantage, including business strategies, unpatented inventions, designs and process technology. Such information is closely monitored and made available only to those employees whose responsibilities require access to the information.

Employees

On March 30, 2019, we had more than 8,100 employees. We believe that our future prospects will depend, in part, on our ability to continue to attract and retain skilled employees. Competition for skilled personnel is intense, and the number of persons with relevant experience, particularly in RF engineering, product design and technical marketing, is limited. None of our U.S. employees are represented by a labor union. Some of our employees in Germany and the Netherlands are represented by internal works councils and some of our employees in China are represented by a labor union.  As of March 30, 2019, approximately 10% of our global workforce was represented by a works council or labor union.  We have never experienced any work stoppage, and we believe that our current employee relations are good.
 
Environmental Matters

By virtue of operating our wafer fabrication facilities, we are subject to a variety of extensive and changing domestic and international federal, state and local governmental laws, regulations and ordinances related to the use, storage, discharge and disposal of toxic, volatile or otherwise hazardous chemicals used in the manufacturing process. We pretreat and dispose of our wastewater for most of our manufacturing facilities, and we contract for the disposal of our hazardous waste. State agencies require us to report storage and emissions of environmentally hazardous materials, and we have retained appropriate personnel to help ensure compliance with all applicable environmental regulations. We believe that costs arising from existing environmental laws will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

We are an ISO 14001:2015 certified manufacturer with a comprehensive Environmental Management System ("EMS") in place to help ensure control of the environmental aspects of the manufacturing process. Our EMS mandates compliance and establishes appropriate checks and balances to minimize the potential for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations.

We actively monitor the hazardous materials that are used in the manufacture, assembly and test of our products, particularly materials that are retained in the final product. We have developed specific restrictions on the content of certain hazardous materials in our products, as well as those of our suppliers and outsourced manufacturers and subcontractors. This helps to ensure that our products are compliant with the requirements of the markets into which the products will be sold and with our customers’ requirements. For example, our products are compliant with the European Union RoHS Directive (2011/65/EU on the Restriction of Use of Hazardous Substances), which prohibits

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the sale in the European Union market of new electrical and electronic equipment containing certain families of substances above a specified threshold.

Historically, the costs to comply with applicable environmental regulations have not been material and we currently do not expect the costs of complying with existing environmental regulations to have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, capital resources or financial condition in fiscal 2020.

Access to Public Information

We make available, free of charge through our website (http://www.qorvo.com), our annual and quarterly reports on Forms 10-K and 10-Q (including related filings in XBRL format) and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file these reports with, or furnish them to, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The public may also request a copy of our forms filed with the SEC, without charge upon written request, directed to:

Investor Relations Department
Qorvo, Inc., 7628 Thorndike Road Greensboro, NC 27409-9421

The information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We have included our website address as a factual reference and do not intend it as an active link to our website.

In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

Our operating results fluctuate.

Our revenue, earnings, margins and other operating results have fluctuated significantly in the past and may fluctuate significantly in the future. If demand for our products fluctuates as a result of economic conditions or for other reasons, our revenue and profitability could be impacted. Our future operating results will depend on many factors, including the following:

business, political and macroeconomic changes, including trade disputes and downturns in the semiconductor industry and the overall global economy;

changes in consumer confidence caused by many factors, including changes in interest rates, credit markets, expectations for inflation, unemployment levels, and energy or other commodity prices;

fluctuations in demand for our customers’ products;

our ability to forecast our customers' demand for our products accurately;

the ability of third-party foundries and other third-party suppliers to manufacture, assemble and test our products in a timely and cost-effective manner;

our customers’ and distributors’ ability to manage the inventory that they hold and to forecast accurately their demand for our products;

our ability to achieve cost savings and improve yields and margins on our new and existing products;

our ability to realize the expected benefits of any acquisitions or strategic investments, including our recent acquisition of Active-Semi International, Inc. (“Active-Semi”); and


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our ability to utilize our capacity efficiently or to acquire additional capacity in response to customer demand.

It is likely that our future operating results could be adversely affected by one or more of the factors set forth above or other similar factors. In addition, any prolonged adverse effect on revenue could alter our anticipated working capital needs and interfere with our short-term and long-term strategies. If our future operating results are below the expectations of stock market analysts or our investors, our stock price may decline.

Our operating results are substantially dependent on development of new products and achieving design wins as our industry’s product life cycles are short and our customers' requirements change rapidly.

Our largest markets are characterized by short product life cycles and the frequent introduction of new products in response to evolving product requirements, driven by end user demand for more functionality, improved performance, lower costs and smaller form factors. Our largest MP customers typically refresh some or all of their product portfolios by releasing new models each year. In some cases, product designs we pursue represent either opportunities to substantially increase our revenue by winning a new design or a risk of a substantial revenue loss by losing an incumbent product in a customer's device.

Our future success is dependent on our ability to develop and introduce new products in a timely and cost-effective manner and secure production orders from our customers. The development of new products is a highly complex process, and we have experienced delays in completing the development and introduction of new products at times in the past. Our successful product development depends on a number of factors, including the following:

our ability to predict market requirements and define and design new products that address those requirements;

our ability to design products that meet our customers’ cost, size and performance requirements;

our ability to introduce new products that are competitive and can be manufactured at lower costs or that command higher prices based on superior performance;

acceptance of our new product designs;

the availability of qualified product design engineers;

our timely completion of product designs and ramp up of new products according to our customers’ needs with acceptable manufacturing yields; and

market acceptance of our customers’ products and the duration of the life cycle of such products.

We may not be able to design and introduce new products in a timely or cost-efficient manner, and our new products may fail to meet market or customer requirements. Most major product design opportunities that we pursue involve multiple competitors, and we could lose a new product design opportunity to a competitor that offers a lower cost or equal or superior performing product. If we are unsuccessful in achieving design wins against our competitors, our revenue and operating results will be adversely affected. Even when a design win is achieved, our success is not assured. Design wins may require significant expenditures by us and typically precede volume revenue by six to nine months or more. Many customers seek a second source for all major components in their devices, which can significantly reduce the revenue obtained from a design win. In many cases, the average selling prices of our products decline over the products’ lives, and we must achieve yield improvements, cost reductions and other productivity enhancements in order to maintain profitability. The actual value of a design win to us will ultimately depend on the commercial success of our customers’ products.

We depend on a few large customers for a substantial portion of our revenue.

A substantial portion of our MP revenue comes from large purchases by a small number of customers. Our future operating results depend on both the success of our largest customers and on our success in diversifying our products and customer base. Collectively, our two largest end customers accounted for an aggregate of approximately 45%, 44% and 45% of our revenue for fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

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The top-tier cellular handset OEMs are releasing fewer new phone models on an annual basis, which heightens the importance of achieving design wins for these larger opportunities. While the financial rewards and market affirmation from a design win for these premier customers are greater, competition for these projects is intense. The concentration of our revenue with a relatively small number of customers makes us particularly dependent on factors, both positive and negative, affecting those customers. If demand for their products increases, our results are favorably impacted, while if demand for their products decreases, they may reduce their purchases of, or stop purchasing, our products and our operating results would suffer. Even if we achieve a design win, our customers can delay or cancel the release of a new handset for any reason. Most of our customers can cease incorporating our products into their devices with little notice to us and with little or no penalty. The loss of a large customer and failure to add new customers to replace lost revenue would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We face risks of a loss of revenue if contracts with the United States government or defense and aerospace contractors are canceled or delayed or if defense spending is reduced.

We receive a portion of our revenue from the United States government and from prime contractors on United States government-sponsored programs, principally for defense and aerospace applications. These programs are subject to delays or cancellation. Further, spending on defense and aerospace programs can vary significantly depending on funding from the United States government. We believe our government and defense and aerospace business has been negatively affected in the past by external factors such as sequestration and political pressure to reduce federal defense spending. Reductions in defense and aerospace funding or the loss of a significant defense and aerospace program or contract would have a material adverse effect on our operating results.

We depend heavily on third parties.

We purchase numerous component parts, substrates and silicon-based products from external suppliers. We also utilize third-party suppliers for numerous services, including die processing, wafer bumping, test and tape and reel. The use of external suppliers involves a number of risks, including the possibility of material disruptions in the supply of key components and the lack of control over delivery schedules, capacity constraints, manufacturing yields, product quality and fabrication costs.

Although our key suppliers commit to us to be compliant with applicable ISO 9001 and/or TS-16949 quality standards, we have experienced quality and reliability issues in the past with certain suppliers. Quality or reliability issues in our supply chain could negatively affect our products, our reputation and our results of operations.

We face risks related to sales through distributors.

We sell a significant portion of our products through third party distributors. We depend on these distributors to help us create end customer demand, provide technical support and other value-added services to customers, fill customer orders, and stock our products. We may rely on one or more key distributors for a product, and a material change in our relationship with one or more of these distributors or their failure to perform as expected could reduce our revenue. Our ability to add or replace distributors for some of our products may be limited because our end customers may be hesitant to accept the addition or replacement of a distributor due to advantages in the incumbent distributors’ technical support and favorable business terms related to payments, discounts and stocking of acceptable inventory levels.  Using third parties for distribution exposes us to many risks, including competitive pressure, concentration, credit risk, and compliance risks. Other third parties may use one of our distributors to sell products that compete with our products, and we may need to provide financial and other incentives to the distributors to focus them on the sale of our products. Our distributors may face financial difficulties, including bankruptcy, which could harm our collection of accounts receivable and financial results. Violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or similar laws by our distributors or other third-party intermediaries could have a material impact on our business. Failure to manage risks related to our use of distributors may reduce sales, increase expenses, and weaken our competitive position.


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We face risks associated with the operation of our manufacturing facilities.

We operate wafer fabrication facilities in Florida, North Carolina, Oregon and Texas. We currently use several international and domestic assembly suppliers, as well as internal assembly facilities in China, Costa Rica, Germany and the U.S., to assemble and test our products. We currently have our own test and tape and reel facilities located in China, Costa Rica and the U.S., and we also utilize contract suppliers and partners in Asia to test our products.

A number of factors related to our facilities will affect our business and financial results, including the following:

our ability to adjust production capacity in a timely fashion in response to changes in demand for our products;

the significant fixed costs of operating the facilities;

factory utilization rates;

our ability to qualify our facilities for new products and new technologies in a timely manner;

the availability of raw materials, the impact of the volatility of commodity pricing and tariffs imposed on raw materials, including substrates, gold, platinum and high purity source materials such as gallium, aluminum, arsenic, indium, silicon, phosphorous and palladium;

our manufacturing cycle times;

our manufacturing yields;

the political, regulatory and economic risks associated with our international manufacturing operations;

potential violations by our international employees or third-party agents of international or U.S. laws relevant to foreign operations;

our ability to hire, train and manage qualified production personnel;

our compliance with applicable environmental and other laws and regulations; and

our ability to avoid prolonged periods of down-time in our facilities for any reason.

Business disruptions could harm our business, lead to a decline in revenues and increase our costs.

Our worldwide operations and business could be disrupted by natural disasters, industrial accidents, cybersecurity incidents, telecommunications failures, power or water shortages, extreme weather conditions, public health issues, military actions, acts of terrorism, political or regulatory issues and other man-made disasters or catastrophic events. Global climate change could result in certain natural disasters occurring more frequently or with greater intensity, such as drought, wildfires, storms and flooding. We carry commercial property damage and business interruption insurance against various risks, with limits we deem adequate, for reimbursement for damage to our fixed assets and resulting disruption of our operations. However, the occurrence of any of these business disruptions could harm our business and result in significant losses, a decline in revenue and an increase in our costs and expenses. Any disruptions from these events could require substantial expenditures and recovery time in order to fully resume operations and could also have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial results to the extent that losses are uninsured or exceed insurance recoveries and to the extent that such disruptions adversely impact our relationships with our customers. Furthermore, even if our own operations are unaffected or recover quickly, if our customers cannot timely resume their own operations due to a business disruption, natural disaster or catastrophic event, they may reduce or cancel their orders, which may adversely affect our results of operations.


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If we experience poor manufacturing yields, our operating results may suffer.

Our products have unique designs and are fabricated using multiple semiconductor process technologies that are highly complex. In many cases, our products are assembled in customized packages. Many of our products consist of multiple components in a single module and feature enhanced levels of integration and complexity. Our customers insist that our products be designed to meet their exact specifications for quality, performance and reliability. Our manufacturing yield is a combination of yields across the entire supply chain, including wafer fabrication, assembly and test yields. Defects in a single component in an assembled module product can impact the yield for the entire module, which means the adverse economic impacts of an individual defect can be multiplied many times over if we fail to discover the defect before the module is assembled. Due to the complexity of our products, we periodically experience difficulties in achieving acceptable yields and other quality issues, particularly with respect to new products.

Our customers test our products once they have been assembled into their products. The number of usable products that result from our production process can fluctuate as a result of many factors, including:

design errors;

defects in photomasks (which are used to print circuits on a wafer);

minute impurities and variations in materials used;

contamination of the manufacturing environment;

equipment failure or variations in the manufacturing processes;

losses from broken wafers or other human error; and

defects in substrates and packaging.

We constantly seek to improve our manufacturing yields. Typically, for a given level of sales, when our yields improve, our gross margins improve, and when our yields decrease, our unit costs are higher, our margins are lower, and our operating results are adversely affected.

Costs of product defects and deviations from required specifications could include the following:

writing off inventory;

scrapping products that cannot be fixed;

accepting returns of products that have been shipped;

providing product replacements at no charge;

reimbursement of direct and indirect costs incurred by our customers in recalling or reworking their products due to defects in our products;

travel and personnel costs to investigate potential product quality issues and to identify or confirm the failure mechanism or root cause of product defects; and

defending against litigation.

These costs could be significant and could reduce our gross margins. Our reputation with customers also could be damaged as a result of product defects and quality issues, and product demand could be reduced, which could harm our business and financial results.


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We are subject to inventory risks and costs because we build our products based on forecasts provided by customers before receiving purchase orders for the products.

In order to ensure availability of our products for some of our largest end customers, we start manufacturing certain products in advance of receiving purchase orders based on forecasts provided by these customers. However, these forecasts do not represent binding purchase commitments and we do not recognize sales for these products until they are shipped to or consumed by the customer. As a result, we incur significant inventory and manufacturing costs in advance of anticipated sales. Because demand for our products may not materialize, or may be lower than expected, manufacturing based on forecasts subjects us to heightened risks of higher inventory carrying costs, increased obsolescence and higher operating costs. These inventory risks are exacerbated when our customers purchase indirectly through contract manufacturers or hold component inventory levels greater than their consumption rate because this reduces our visibility regarding the customers’ accumulated levels of inventory. If product demand decreases or we fail to forecast demand accurately, we could be required to write-off inventory, which would have a negative impact on our gross margin and other operating results.

We sell certain of our products based on reference designs of platform providers, and our inability to effectively manage or maintain our evolving relationships with these companies may have an adverse effect on our business.

Platform providers are typically large companies that provide system reference designs for OEMs and ODMs that include the platform provider’s baseband and other complementary products. A platform provider may own or control IP that gives it a strong market position for its baseband products for certain air interface standards, which provides it with significant influence and control over sales of RF products for these standards. Platform providers historically looked to us and our competitors to provide RF products to their customers as part of the overall system design, and we competed with other RF companies to have our products included in the platform provider’s system reference design. This market dynamic has evolved in recent years as platform providers have worked to develop more fully integrated solutions that include their own RF technologies and components.

Platform providers may be in a different business from ours or we may be their customer or direct competitor. Accordingly, we must balance our interest in obtaining new business with competitive and other factors. Because platform providers control the overall system reference design, if they offer competitive RF technologies or their own RF solutions as a part of their reference design and exclude our products from the design, we are at a distinct competitive disadvantage with OEMs and ODMs that are seeking a turn-key design solution, even if our products offer superior performance. This requires us to work more closely with OEMs and ODMs to secure the design of our products in their handsets and other devices.

Our relationships with platform providers are complex and evolving, and the inability to effectively manage or maintain these relationships could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to risks from international sales and operations.

We operate globally with sales offices and R&D activities as well as manufacturing, assembly and test facilities in multiple countries, and some of our business activities are concentrated in Asia. As a result, we are subject to regulatory, geopolitical and other risks associated with doing business outside the U.S., including:

global and local economic, social and political conditions and uncertainty;

currency controls and fluctuations;

formal or informal imposition of export, import or doing-business regulations, including trade sanctions, tariffs and other related restrictions;

labor market conditions and workers’ rights affecting our manufacturing operations or those of our customers or suppliers;

disruptions in capital and securities and commodities trading markets;


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occurrences of geopolitical crises such as terrorist activity, armed conflict, civil or military unrest or political instability, which may disrupt manufacturing, assembly, logistics, security and communications and result in reduced demand for our products;

compliance with laws and regulations that differ among jurisdictions, including those covering taxes, intellectual property ownership and infringement, imports and exports, anti-corruption and anti-bribery, antitrust and competition, data privacy, and environment, health, and safety; and

pandemics and similar major health concerns, which could adversely affect our business and our customer order patterns.

Sales to customers located outside the U.S. accounted for approximately 84% of our revenue in fiscal 2019, of which approximately 57% and 18% were attributable to sales to customers located in China and Taiwan, respectively. We expect that revenue from international sales to China and other markets will continue to be a significant part of our total revenue. Any weakness in the Chinese economy could result in a decrease in demand for consumer products that contain our products, which could materially and adversely affect our business. The imposition by the U.S. of tariffs on goods imported from China, countermeasures imposed by China in response, U.S. export restrictions on sales of products to China and other government actions that restrict or otherwise adversely affect our ability to sell our products to Chinese customers, could increase our manufacturing costs and reduce our product sales in China and other markets.

As a global company, our results are affected by movements in currency exchange rates. Our exposure may increase or decrease over time as our foreign business levels fluctuate in the countries where we have operations, and these changes could have a material impact on our financial results. The functional currency for most of our international operations is the U.S. dollar. We have foreign operations in Asia, Europe and Costa Rica, and a substantial portion of our revenue is derived from sales to customers outside the U.S. Our international revenue is primarily denominated in U.S. dollars. Operating expenses and certain working capital items related to our foreign-based operations are, in some instances, denominated in the local foreign currencies and therefore are affected by changes in the U.S. dollar exchange rate in relation to foreign currencies, such as the Costa Rican Colon, Euro, Pound Sterling, Renminbi and Singapore Dollar. If the U.S. dollar weakens compared to these and other currencies, our operating expenses for foreign operations will be higher when remeasured back into U.S. dollars.

Economic regulation in China could adversely impact our business and results of operations.

We have a significant portion of our assembly and testing capacity in China. For many years, the Chinese economy has experienced periods of rapid growth and wide fluctuations in the rate of inflation. In response to these factors, the Chinese government has, from time to time, adopted measures to regulate growth and to contain inflation, including currency controls and measures designed to restrict credit, control prices or set currency exchange rates. Such actions in the future, as well as other changes in Chinese laws and regulations, including actions in furtherance of China’s stated policy of reducing its dependence on foreign semiconductor manufacturers, could increase the cost of doing business in China, foster the emergence of Chinese-based competitors, decrease the demand for our products in China, or reduce the supply of critical materials for our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Changes in government trade policies, including the imposition of tariffs and export restrictions, could limit our ability to sell our products to certain customers, which may materially adversely affect our sales and results of operations.

The U.S. or foreign governments may take administrative, legislative or regulatory action that could materially interfere with our ability to sell products in certain countries, particularly in China. For example, between July 2018 and May 2019, the Office of the United States Trade Representative imposed 25% tariffs on specified product lists, including certain electronic components and equipment, totaling approximately $250 billion in Chinese imports. In response, China imposed or proposed new or higher tariffs on U.S. products. The U.S. government has also threatened to impose tariffs on an additional $325 billion of Chinese imports, and China has threatened additional retaliatory actions. While the imposition of these tariffs did not have a direct, material adverse impact on our business during fiscal year 2019, the direct and indirect effects of tariffs and other restrictive trade policies are difficult to measure and are only one part of a larger U.S./China economic and trade policy disagreement. For example, imposition of tariffs on our customers’ products that are imported from China to the U.S. could harm sales

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of such products, which would harm our business. We cannot predict what actions may ultimately be taken with respect to tariffs or trade relations between the U.S. and China or other countries, what products may be subject to such actions, or what actions may be taken by the other countries in retaliation.

Furthermore, we have experienced restrictions on our ability to sell products to certain foreign customers where sales of products require export licenses or are prohibited by government action. The U.S. government has in the past issued export restrictions that effectively banned American companies from selling products to ZTE, one of our customers, and in May 2019 imposed a similar ban on sales of all products to Huawei, which accounted for 13% of our total revenue during fiscal 2019. As of the date of this report, we are unable to predict the scope and duration of the export restrictions imposed on Huawei and the corresponding future effects on our business. Even if such restrictions are lifted, any financial or other penalties or continuing export restrictions imposed on Huawei could have a continuing negative impact on our future revenue and results of operations. In addition, Huawei or other foreign customers affected by future U.S. government sanctions or threats of sanctions may respond by developing their own solutions to replace our products or by adopting our foreign competitors’ solutions.

Moreover, U.S. government actions targeting exports of certain technologies to China are becoming more pervasive. For example, in 2018, the U.S. adopted new laws designed to address concerns about the export of emerging and foundational technologies to China. In addition, in May 2019, President Trump issued an executive order that invoked national emergency economic powers to implement a framework to regulate the acquisition or transfer of information communications technology in transactions that imposed undue national security risks. These actions could lead to additional restrictions on the export of products that include or enable certain technologies, including products we provide to China-based customers.

The loss or temporary loss of Huawei or other foreign customers or the imposition of restrictions on our ability to sell products to such customers as a result of tariffs, export restrictions or other U.S. regulatory actions could materially adversely affect our sales, business and results of operations.

We operate in a very competitive industry and must continue to implement innovative technologies.

We compete with several companies primarily engaged in the business of designing, manufacturing and selling RF solutions, as well as suppliers of discrete integrated circuits and modules. In addition to our direct competitors, some of our largest end customers and leading platform partners also compete with us to some extent by designing and manufacturing their own products. Increased competition from any source could adversely affect our operating results through lower prices for our products, reduced demand for our products, losses of existing design slots with key customers and a corresponding reduction in our ability to recover development, engineering and manufacturing costs.

Many of our existing and potential competitors have entrenched market positions, historical affiliations with OEMs, considerable internal manufacturing capacity, established IP rights and substantial technological capabilities. The semiconductor industry has experienced increased industry consolidation over the last several years, a trend we expect to continue. Many of our existing and potential competitors may have greater financial, technical, manufacturing or marketing resources than we do. We cannot be sure that we will be able to compete successfully with our competitors.

Industry overcapacity could cause us to underutilize our manufacturing facilities and have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.

It is difficult to predict future demand for our products, which makes it difficult to estimate future requirements for production capacity and avoid periods of overcapacity. Fluctuations in the growth rate of industry capacity relative to the growth rate in demand for our products also can lead to overcapacity and contribute to cyclicality in the semiconductor market.

Capacity expansion projects have long lead times and require capital commitments based on forecasted product trends and demand well in advance of production orders from customers. In recent years, we have made significant capital investments to expand our premium filter capacity to address forecasted future demand patterns. In certain cases, these capacity additions exceeded the near-term demand requirements, leading to overcapacity situations and underutilization of our manufacturing facilities.

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As many of our manufacturing costs are fixed, these costs cannot be reduced in proportion to the reduced revenues experienced during periods of underutilization. Underutilization of our manufacturing facilities can adversely affect our gross margin and other operating results. If demand for our products experiences a prolonged decrease, we may be required to close or idle facilities and write down our long-lived assets or shorten the useful lives of underutilized assets and accelerate depreciation, which would increase our expenses. For example, to address manufacturing overcapacity, in the third quarter of fiscal 2019 we commenced a phased closure of a SAW filter manufacturing facility in Florida and a transfer of production to our North Carolina facility, which we expect will be completed by the end of fiscal 2020. Also, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019, we announced the temporary idling of a BAW manufacturing facility in Texas. These actions resulted in impairment charges, accelerated depreciation and other restructuring-related costs and expenses.

We may not be able to borrow funds under our credit facility or secure future financing.

On December 5, 2017, we entered into a five-year unsecured senior credit facility pursuant to a credit agreement with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, swing line lender and L/C issuer, and a syndicate of lenders (as amended, the "Credit Agreement"). The Credit Agreement includes a $300.0 million revolving credit facility, which is available for working capital, capital expenditures and other corporate purposes. This facility contains various conditions, covenants and representations with which we must be in compliance in order to borrow funds. We cannot assure that we will be in compliance with these conditions, covenants and representations in the future when we may need to borrow funds under this facility.

We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service all of our debt, including our Notes, or to fund capital expenditures and may be forced to take other actions to satisfy our debt obligations and financing requirements, which may not be successful or on terms favorable to us.

The Credit Agreement also includes a $400.0 million senior delayed draw term loan (the "Term Loan"), of which $100.0 million was funded at closing and then subsequently repaid during March 2018. At our discretion, we may draw down the remaining balance in up to two advances prior to June 30, 2019. Additionally, we may request that the Term Loan or the revolving credit facility be increased by an amount not to exceed $300.0 million.

In November 2015, we issued $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.75% Senior Notes due 2023 (the "2023 Notes") and $550.0 million aggregate principal amount of 7.00% Senior Notes due 2025 (the "2025 Notes") pursuant to an indenture dated as of November 19, 2015 (the "2015 Indenture"). During fiscal 2019, we completed the repurchase of all of the 2023 Notes and all but $23.4 million of the 2025 Notes. Additionally, in fiscal 2019, we issued $900.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.50% Senior Notes due 2026 (the "2026 Notes" and together with the 2025 Notes, the “Notes”) pursuant to an indenture dated as of July 16, 2018 (as supplemented, the “2018 Indenture” and together with the 2015 Indenture, the “Indentures”).

Our ability to make scheduled payments on or to refinance our debt obligations, including the Term Loan and the Notes, and to fund working capital, planned capital expenditures and expansion efforts and any strategic alliances or acquisitions we may make in the future depends on our ability to generate cash in the future and on our financial condition and operating performance, which are subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to certain financial, business and other factors beyond our control. We cannot be sure that we will maintain a level of cash flows from operating activities sufficient to permit us to pay our debt, including the Term Loan and the Notes. If our cash flows and capital resources are insufficient to fund our debt service obligations, we may face liquidity issues and be forced to reduce or delay investments and capital expenditures, or to sell assets, seek additional capital or restructure or refinance our debt. These alternative measures may not be successful and may not permit us to meet our scheduled debt service and other obligations. Additionally, the Credit Agreement and the Indentures limit the use of the proceeds from any disposition; as a result, we may not be allowed under these documents to use proceeds from such dispositions to satisfy our debt service obligations. Further, we may need to refinance all or a portion of our debt on or before maturity, and we cannot be sure that we will be able to refinance any of our debt on commercially reasonable terms or at all.


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The agreements and instruments governing our debt impose restrictions that may limit our operating and financial flexibility.

The Credit Agreement governing our revolving credit facility and the Term Loan and the Indentures governing the Notes contain a number of significant restrictions and covenants that limit our ability to:

incur additional debt;

pay dividends, make other distributions or repurchase or redeem our capital stock;

prepay, redeem or repurchase certain debt;

make loans and investments;

sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of assets;

incur or permit to exist certain liens;

enter into certain types of transactions with affiliates;

enter into agreements restricting our subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends; and

consolidate, amalgamate, merge or sell all or substantially all of our assets.

These covenants could have the effect of limiting our flexibility in planning for or reacting to changes in our business and the markets in which we compete. In addition, the Credit Agreement requires us to comply with certain financial maintenance covenants. Operating results below current levels or other adverse factors, including a significant increase in interest rates, could result in our being unable to comply with the financial covenants contained in our revolving credit facility. If we violate covenants under the Credit Agreement and are unable to obtain a waiver from our lenders, our debt under our revolving credit facility would be in default and could be accelerated by our lenders. Because of cross-default provisions in the agreements and instruments governing our debt, a default under one agreement or instrument could result in a default under, and the acceleration of, our other debt. If our debt is accelerated, we may not be able to repay our debt or borrow sufficient funds to refinance it. Even if we are able to obtain new financing, it may not be on commercially reasonable terms, or terms that are acceptable to us. If our debt is in default for any reason, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, complying with these covenants may also cause us to take actions that are not favorable to holders of the notes and may make it more difficult for us to successfully execute our business strategy and compete against companies that are not subject to such restrictions.

The price of our common stock has recently been and may in the future be volatile.

The price of our common stock, which is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market, has been and may continue to be volatile and subject to wide fluctuations. In addition, the trading volume of our common stock may fluctuate and cause significant price variations to occur. Some of the factors that could cause fluctuations in the stock price or trading volume of our common stock include:

general market and economic and political conditions, including market conditions in the semiconductor industry;

actual or expected variations in quarterly operating results;

differences between actual operating results and those expected by investors and analysts;

changes in recommendations by securities analysts;

operations and stock performance of competitors and major customers;

accounting charges, including charges relating to the impairment of goodwill and restructuring;

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significant acquisitions, strategic alliances, capital commitments, or new products announced by us or by our competitors;

sales of our common stock, including sales by our directors and officers or significant investors;

repurchases of our common stock;

recruitment or departure of key personnel; and

loss of key customers.

We cannot assure that the price of our common stock will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future. In addition, the stock market in general can experience considerable price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to our performance.

Damage to our reputation or brand could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our reputation is a critical factor in our relationships with customers, employees, governments, suppliers and other stakeholders. If we fail to address issues that give rise to reputational risk, including those described throughout this “Risk Factors” section, we could significantly harm our reputation and our brand. Our reputation may also be damaged by how we respond to corporate crises. Corporate crises can arise from catastrophic events as well as from incidents involving product quality, security, or safety issues; allegations of unethical behavior or misconduct or legal noncompliance; internal control failures; corporate governance issues; data or privacy breaches; workplace safety incidents; environmental incidents; the use of our products for illegal or objectionable applications; media statements; the conduct of our suppliers or representatives; and other issues or incidents that, whether actual or perceived, result in adverse publicity. If we fail to respond quickly and effectively to address such crises, the ensuing negative public reaction could significantly harm our reputation and our brands and could lead to litigation or subject us to regulatory actions or restrictions. Damage to our reputation could harm customer relations, reduce demand for our products, reduce investor confidence in us, adversely affect our stock price, and may also limit our ability to be seen as an employer of choice when competing for highly skilled employees. Moreover, repairing our reputation and brands may be difficult, time-consuming and expensive.

We may have fluctuations in the amount and frequency of our stock repurchases.

We are not obligated to make repurchases under our stock repurchase program, and the amount and timing of our stock repurchases may fluctuate based on a number of factors, including our priorities for the use of our cash for other purposes, such as capital spending and acquisitions, restrictions under securities laws and the agreements and instruments governing our debt and because of changes in our cash flows, tax laws and the market price of our common stock.

Our acquisitions and other strategic investments, including our recent acquisition of Active-Semi, could fail to achieve our financial or strategic objectives, disrupt our ongoing business, and adversely impact our results of operations. 

As part of our business strategy and as demonstrated in our recent acquisition of Active-Semi, we expect to continue to review potential acquisitions and strategic investments that could complement our current product offerings, augment our market coverage or enhance our technical capabilities, or that may otherwise offer growth or margin improvement opportunities. In the event of future acquisitions of businesses, products or technologies, we could issue equity securities that would dilute our current stockholders’ ownership, incur substantial debt or other financial obligations or assume contingent liabilities. Such actions could harm our results of operations or the price of our common stock. Acquisitions and strategic investments also entail numerous other risks that could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, including:

failure to complete a transaction in a timely manner, if at all, due to our inability to obtain required government or other approvals, IP disputes or other litigation, difficulty in obtaining financing on terms acceptable to us, or other unforeseen factors;

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controls, processes, and procedures of an acquired business may not adequately ensure compliance with laws and regulations, and we may fail to identify compliance issues or liabilities;

unanticipated costs, capital expenditures or working capital requirements;

acquisition-related charges and amortization of acquired technology and other intangibles;

the potential loss of key employees from a company we acquire or in which we invest;

diversion of management’s attention from our business;

disruption of our ongoing operations;

dissynergies or other harm to existing business relationships with suppliers and customers;

losses or impairment of investments from unsuccessful research and development by companies in which we invest;

failure to successfully integrate acquired businesses, operations, products, technologies and personnel; and

unrealized expected synergies.

Moreover, our resources are limited and our decision to pursue a transaction has opportunity costs; accordingly, if we pursue a particular transaction, we may need to forgo the prospect of entering into other transactions that could help us achieve our financial or strategic objectives. Any of these risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows, particularly in the case of a large acquisition.

In order to compete, we must attract, retain, and motivate key employees, and our failure to do so could harm our business and our results of operations.

In order to compete effectively, we must:

hire and retain qualified employees;

continue to develop leaders for key business units and functions;

expand our presence in international locations and adapt to cultural norms of foreign locations; and

train and motivate our employee base.

Our future operating results and success depend on keeping key technical personnel and management and expanding our sales and marketing, R&D and administrative support. We do not have employment agreements with the vast majority of our employees. We must also continue to attract qualified personnel. The competition for qualified personnel is intense, and the number of people with experience, particularly in RF engineering, integrated circuit and filter design, and technical marketing and support, is limited. In addition, existing or new immigration laws, policies or regulations in the U.S. may limit the pool of available talent. Travel bans, difficulties obtaining visas and other restrictions on international travel could make it more difficult to effectively manage our international operations, operate as a global company or service our international customer base. Changes in the interpretation and application of employment-related laws to our workforce practices may also result in increased operating costs and less flexibility in how we meet our changing workforce needs. We cannot be sure that we will be able to attract and retain skilled personnel in the future, which could harm our business and our results of operations.

We rely on our intellectual property portfolio and may not be able to successfully protect against the use of our intellectual property by third parties.

We rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, trade secret laws, confidentiality procedures and licensing arrangements to protect our intellectual property rights. We cannot be certain that patents will be issued from any of

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our pending applications or that patents will be issued in all countries where our products can be sold. Further, we cannot be certain that any claims allowed from pending applications will be of sufficient scope or strength to provide meaningful protection against our competitors. Our competitors may also be able to design around our patents.

The laws of some countries in which our products are developed, manufactured or sold may not protect our products or intellectual property rights to the same extent as U.S. laws. This increases the possibility of misappropriation or infringement of our technology and products. Although we intend to vigorously defend our intellectual property rights, we may not be able to prevent misappropriation of our technology. Additionally, our competitors may be able to independently develop non-infringing technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to ours.

We may need to engage in legal actions to enforce or defend our intellectual property rights. Generally, intellectual property litigation is both expensive and unpredictable. Our involvement in intellectual property litigation could divert the attention of our management and technical personnel and have a material, adverse effect on our business.

We may be subject to claims of infringement of third-party intellectual property rights.

Our operating results may be adversely affected if third parties were to assert claims that our products infringed their patent, copyright or other intellectual property rights. Such assertions could lead to expensive and unpredictable litigation, diverting the attention of management and technical personnel. An unsuccessful result in any such litigation could have adverse effects on our business, which may include injunctions, exclusion orders and royalty payments to third parties. In addition, if one of our customers or another supplier to one of our customers were found to be infringing on third-party intellectual property rights, such finding could adversely affect the demand for our products.

Security breaches and other disruptions could compromise our proprietary information and expose us to liability, which would cause our business and reputation to suffer.

We rely on trade secrets, technical know-how and other unpatented proprietary information relating to our product development and manufacturing activities to provide us with competitive advantages. We protect this information by entering into confidentiality agreements with our employees, consultants, strategic partners and other third parties. We also design our computer networks and implement various procedures to restrict unauthorized access to dissemination of our proprietary information.

We face internal and external data security threats. Current, departing or former employees or third parties could attempt to improperly use or access our computer systems and networks to copy, obtain or misappropriate our proprietary information or otherwise interrupt our business. Like others, we are also subject to significant system or network disruptions from numerous causes, including computer viruses and other cyber-attacks, facility access issues, new system implementations and energy blackouts.

Security breaches, computer malware, phishing, spoofing, and other cyber-attacks have become more prevalent and sophisticated in recent years. While we defend against these threats on a daily basis, we do not believe that such attacks to date have caused us any material damage. Because the techniques used by computer hackers and others to access or sabotage networks constantly evolve and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate, counter or ameliorate all of these techniques. As a result, our and our customers' proprietary information may be misappropriated and the impact of any future incident cannot be predicted. Any loss of such information could harm our competitive position, result in a loss of customer confidence in the adequacy of our threat mitigation and detection processes and procedures, cause us to incur significant costs to remedy the damages caused by the incident, and divert management and other resources. We routinely implement improvements to our network security safeguards and we are devoting increasing resources to the security of our information technology systems. We cannot, however, assure that such system improvements will be sufficient to prevent or limit the damage from any future cyber-attack or network disruptions.

The costs related to cyber-attacks or other security threats or computer systems disruptions typically would not be fully insured or indemnified by others. Occurrence of any of the events described above could result in loss of competitive advantages derived from our R&D efforts or our IP. Moreover, these events may result in the early obsolescence of our products, product development delays, or diversion of the attention of management and key

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information technology and other resources, or otherwise adversely affect our internal operations and reputation or degrade our financial results and stock price.

We may be subject to theft, loss, or misuse of personal data by or about our employees, customers or other third parties, which could increase our expenses, damage our reputation, or result in legal or regulatory proceedings.

In the ordinary course of our business, we have access to sensitive, confidential or personal data or information regarding our employees and others that is subject to privacy and security laws and regulations. The theft, loss, or misuse of personal data collected, used, stored, or transferred by us to run our business, or by our third party service providers, including business process software applications providers and other vendors that have access to sensitive data, could result in damage to our reputation, disruption of our business activities, significantly increased business and security costs or costs related to defending legal claims.

Global privacy legislation, enforcement, and policy activity in this area are rapidly expanding and creating a complex regulatory compliance environment. For example, the European Union has adopted the General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR"), which requires companies to comply with rules regarding the handling of personal data, including its use, protection and the ability of persons whose data is stored to correct or delete such data about themselves. Failure to meet GDPR requirements could result in penalties of up to 4% of worldwide revenue. In addition, the interpretation and application of consumer and data protection laws in the U.S., Europe and elsewhere are often uncertain and fluid, and may be interpreted and applied in a manner that is inconsistent with our data practices. Complying with these changing laws has caused, and could continue to cause, us to incur substantial costs, which could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Further, failure to comply with existing or new rules may result in significant penalties or orders to stop the alleged non-compliant activity. Finally, even our inadvertent failure to comply with federal, state, or international privacy-related or data protection laws and regulations could result in audits, regulatory inquiries or proceedings against us by governmental entities or others.

We are subject to warranty claims, product recalls and product liability.

From time to time, we may be subject to warranty or product liability claims that could lead to significant expense. We may also be exposed to such claims as a result of any acquisition we may undertake in the future. Although we maintain reserves for reasonably estimable liabilities and purchase product liability insurance, we may elect to self-insure with respect to certain matters and our reserves may be inadequate to cover the uninsured portion of such claims.

Product liability insurance is subject to significant deductibles, and such insurance may be unavailable or inadequate to protect against all claims. If one of our customers recalls a product containing one of our devices, we may incur significant costs and expenses, including replacement costs, direct and indirect product recall-related costs, diversion of technical and other resources and reputational harm. Our customer contracts typically contain warranty and indemnification provisions, and in certain cases may also contain liquidated damages provisions, relating to product quality issues. The potential liabilities associated with such provisions are significant, and in some cases, including in agreements with some of our largest end customers, are potentially unlimited. Any such liabilities may greatly exceed any revenue we receive from sale of the relevant products. Costs, payments or damages incurred or paid by us in connection with warranty and product liability claims and product recalls could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to risks associated with environmental, health and safety regulations and climate change.

We are subject to a broad array of U.S. and foreign environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. These laws and regulations include those related to the use, transportation, storage, handling, emission, discharge and recycling or disposal of hazardous materials used in our manufacturing, assembly and testing processes. Our failure to comply with any of these existing or future laws or regulations could result in:

regulatory penalties and fines;

legal liabilities, including financial responsibility for remedial measures if our properties are contaminated;

expenses to secure required permits and governmental approvals;


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reputational damage;

suspension or curtailment of our manufacturing, assembly and test processes; and

increased costs to acquire pollution abatement or remediation equipment or to modify our equipment, facilities or manufacturing processes to bring them into compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

Existing and future environmental laws and regulations could also impact our product designs and limit or restrict the materials or components that are included in our products. In addition, many of our largest end customers require us to comply with corporate social responsibility policies, which often include employment, health, safety, environmental and other requirements that exceed applicable legal requirements. Compliance with these policies increases our operating expenses, and non-compliance can adversely affect customer relationships and harm our business.

New climate change laws and regulations could require us to change our manufacturing processes or procure substitute raw materials that may cost more or be more difficult to procure. In addition, new restrictions on emissions of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases could result in increased costs for us and our suppliers. Various jurisdictions are developing other climate change-based regulations that also may increase our expenses and adversely affect our operating results. We expect increased worldwide regulatory activity relating to climate change in the future. Future compliance with these laws and regulations may adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Compliance with regulations regarding the use of “conflict minerals” could limit the supply and increase the cost of certain metals used in manufacturing our products.

Regulations in the U.S. currently require that we determine whether certain materials used in our products, referred to as conflict minerals, originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or adjoining countries, or were from recycled or scrap sources. We may face challenges with government regulators and our customers and suppliers if we are unable to sufficiently make any required determination that the metals used in our products are conflict free.

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware may discourage takeovers and business combinations that our stockholders might consider to be in their best interests.

Certain provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws may have the effect of delaying, deterring, preventing or rendering more difficult a change in control of Qorvo that our stockholders might consider to be in their best interests. These provisions include:

granting to the board of directors sole power to set the number of directors and fill any vacancy on the board of directors, whether such vacancy occurs as a result of an increase in the number of directors or otherwise;

the ability of the board of directors to designate and issue one or more series of preferred stock without stockholder approval, the terms of which may be determined at the sole discretion of the board of directors;

the inability of stockholders to call special meetings of stockholders;

establishment of advance notice requirements for stockholder proposals and nominations for election to the board of directors at stockholder meetings; and

the inability of stockholders to act by written consent.

In addition, the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware contains provisions that regulate “business combinations” between corporations and interested stockholders who own 15% or more of the corporation’s voting stock, except under certain circumstances. These provisions could also discourage potential acquisition proposals and delay or prevent a change in control.

These provisions may prevent our stockholders from receiving the benefit of any premium to the market price of our common stock offered by a bidder in a takeover context, and may also make it more difficult for a third party to

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replace directors on our board of directors. Further, the existence of these provisions may adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock if they are viewed as discouraging takeover attempts in the future.

Our operating results could vary as a result of the methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies.

The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies have a significant impact on our results of operations (see "Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" in Part II, Item 7 of this report). Such methods, estimates and judgments are, by their nature, subject to substantial risks, uncertainties and assumptions, and factors may arise over time that lead us to change our methods, estimates and judgments that could significantly affect our results of operations.

Decisions we make about the scope of our future operations could affect our future financial results.

From time to time, changes in the business environment have led us to change the scope of our operations or business, which has resulted in restructuring and asset impairment charges, and this could occur in the future. The amount and timing of such charges can be difficult to predict. Factors that contribute to the amount and timing of such charges include:

the timing and execution of plans and programs that are subject to local labor law requirements, including consultation with appropriate work councils;

changes in assumptions related to severance and post-retirement costs;

the timing of future divestitures and the amount and type of proceeds realized from such divestitures; and

changes in the fair value of certain long-lived assets and goodwill.

Changes in our effective tax rate may adversely impact our results of operations.

We are subject to taxation in China, Germany, Singapore, the U.S. and numerous other foreign taxing jurisdictions. Our effective tax rate is subject to fluctuations as it is impacted by a number of factors, including the following:

changes in our overall profitability and the amount of profit determined to be earned and taxed in jurisdictions with differing statutory tax rates;

the resolution of issues arising from tax audits with various tax authorities, including those described in Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report;

changes in the valuation of either our gross deferred tax assets or gross deferred tax liabilities;

adjustments to income taxes upon finalization of various tax returns;

changes in expenses not deductible for tax purposes;

changes in available tax credits;

changes in tax laws, domestic and foreign, or the interpretation of such tax laws, and changes in generally accepted accounting principles; and

a future decision to repatriate non-U.S. earnings for which we have not previously provided country withholding taxes incurred upon repatriation.

Any significant increase in our future effective tax rates could reduce net income for future periods.


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Changes in the favorable tax status of our subsidiaries in Singapore and Costa Rica would have an adverse impact on our operating results.

Our subsidiaries in Singapore and Costa Rica have been granted tax holidays that effectively minimize our tax expense and that are expected to be effective through December 2021 and March 2024, respectively. In their efforts to deal with budget deficits, governments around the world are focusing on increasing tax revenues through increased audits and, potentially, increased tax rates for corporations. As part of this effort, governments continue to review their policies on granting tax holidays. In February 2017, Singapore enacted legislation that will exclude from our existing Development and Expansion Incentive grant the benefit of the reduced tax rate for intellectual property income earned after June 30, 2021. Future changes in the status of either tax holiday could have a negative effect on our net income in future years.

The enactment of international or domestic tax legislation, or changes in regulatory guidance, may adversely impact our results of operations.

Corporate tax reform, base-erosion efforts, and increased tax transparency continue to be high priorities in many tax jurisdictions in which we have business operations. In 2017, the U.S. enacted comprehensive tax legislation, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), which included a number of changes to U.S. tax laws that impacted us, including the one-time transition tax on certain unrepatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries (the “Transitional Repatriation Tax”) and the Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) provisions. In addition, other countries are beginning to implement legislation and other guidance to align their international tax rules with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting recommendations and action plan, which aim to standardize and modernize global corporate tax policy, including changes to cross-border tax, transfer pricing documentations rules, and nexus-based tax incentive practices. Legislative changes, interpretations and guidance, and changes in prior tax rulings and decisions by tax authorities regarding treatments and positions of corporate income taxes resulting from these initiatives, could increase our effective tax rate and result in taxes we previously paid being subject to change, which may adversely impact our financial position and results of operations.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

None.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.

Our corporate headquarters (leased) and our MP headquarters (owned) are in Greensboro, North Carolina and our IDP headquarters (owned) is in Richardson, Texas. In the U.S., we have the following production facilities: (1) a wafer fabrication facility (owned) in Apopka, Florida, (2) a wafer production facility (owned) in Greensboro, North Carolina, (3) a wafer fabrication facility (leased) in Bend, Oregon, (4) a wafer fabrication facility (owned) in Hillsboro, Oregon, (5) a wafer fabrication facility (owned) in Farmers Branch, Texas, and (6) a facility (owned) in Richardson, Texas for wafer fabrication, assembly and test.

Outside of the U.S., we have the following production facilities: (1) a module assembly and test facility (the building is owned and we hold a land-use right for the land), in Beijing, China, (2) a module assembly and test facility (the building is leased and we hold a land-use right for the land) in Dezhou, China, (3) a filter assembly and test facility (owned) in Heredia, Costa Rica, and (4) a packaging and test facility (leased) in Nuremberg, Germany.


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In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, we signed a definitive lease for an assembly and test facility in Beijing, China, which we expect to start utilizing in fiscal 2021. This lease will allow us to consolidate several leased facilities in Beijing, China.

We believe our properties have been well-maintained, are in sound operating condition and contain all equipment and facilities necessary to operate at present levels. While we believe all our facilities are suitable and adequate for our present purposes, we continually evaluate our business and facilities and may decide to expand, add or dispose of facilities in the future. We do not identify or allocate assets by operating segment. For information on long-lived tangible assets by country, see Note 16 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

See the information under the heading "Legal Matters" in Note 10 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not Applicable.

PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol "QRVO." As of May 10, 2019, there were 746 holders of record of our common stock. This number does not include the beneficial owners of unexchanged stock certificates related to the Business Combination (as defined in Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report) or the additional beneficial owners of our common stock who held their shares in street name as of that date.






PERFORMANCE GRAPH

http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12916713&doc=17\

 
January 2,
2015
March 28,
2015
April 2,
2016
April 1,
2017
March 31,
2018
March 30,
2019
Total Return Index for:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qorvo, Inc.
100.00
112.61
72.19
97.39
100.07
101.89
Nasdaq Composite
100.00
103.79
104.36
128.24
154.87
171.32
S&P 500
100.00
100.95
102.75
120.39
137.24
150.27
Nasdaq Electronic Components
100.00
100.63
98.26
141.13
193.23
193.98

Notes:
A. The index level for all series assumes that $100.00 was invested in our common stock and each index on January 2, 2015, the registration date of our common stock under Rule 12g-3(c) of the Exchange Act.
B.
The lines represent monthly index levels derived from compounded daily returns, assuming reinvestment of all dividends.
C.
The indexes are reweighted daily using the market capitalization on the previous trading day.
D.
If the month end is not a trading day, the preceding trading day is used.
E.
Qorvo, Inc. was added to the S&P 500 Index on June 12, 2015.


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Purchases of Equity Securities
Period
 
Total number of shares purchased (in thousands)
 
Average price paid per share
 
Total number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programs (in thousands)
 
Approximate dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs
December 30, 2018 to January 26, 2019
 
193

 
$
60.72

 
193

 
$685.5 million
January 27, 2019 to February 23, 2019
 
1,597

 
$
65.31

 
1,597

 
$581.2 million
February 24, 2019 to March 30, 2019
 
2,657

 
$
69.00

 
2,657

 
$397.9 million
Total
 
4,447

 
$
67.32

 
4,447

 
$397.9 million
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

On May 23, 2018, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program to repurchase up to $1.0 billion of our outstanding stock, which included approximately $126.3 million authorized under a prior share repurchase program terminated concurrent with the new authorization. Under this program, share repurchases will be made in accordance with applicable securities laws on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. The extent to which we repurchase our shares, the number of shares and the timing of any repurchases will depend on general market conditions, regulatory requirements, alternative investment opportunities and other considerations. The program does not require us to repurchase a minimum number of shares, does not have a fixed term, and may be modified, suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice. See Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for a further discussion of our share repurchase program.


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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

The selected financial data set forth below for the fiscal years indicated were derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The information should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and with "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" appearing in Item 7 of this report.
 
Fiscal Year
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017

2016
 
2015
(1) 
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
3,090,325

 
$
2,973,536

 
$
3,032,574

 
$
2,610,726

 
$
1,710,966

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
1,895,142

 
1,826,570

 
1,897,062

 
1,561,173

 
1,021,658

 
Research and development
450,482

 
445,103

 
470,836

 
448,763

 
257,494

 
Selling, general and administrative
476,074

 
527,751

 
545,588

 
534,099

 
249,886

 
Other operating expense
52,161

(15) 
103,830

(12) 
31,029

(9) 
54,723

(5) 
59,462

(2) 
Total operating costs and expenses
2,873,859

 
2,903,254

 
2,944,515

 
2,598,758

 
1,588,500

 
Operating income
216,466

 
70,282

 
88,059

 
11,968

 
122,466

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(43,963
)
(16) 
(59,548
)
(13) 
(58,879
)
(10) 
(23,316
)
(6) 
(1,421
)
 
Interest income
10,971

 
7,017

 
1,212

 
2,068

 
450

 
Other (expense) income
(91,682
)
(17) 
(606
)
 
(3,087
)
 
6,418

 
(254
)
 
Income (loss) before income taxes
91,792

 
17,145

 
27,305

 
(2,862
)
 
121,241

 
Income tax benefit (expense)
41,333

(18) 
(57,433
)
(14) 
(43,863
)
(11) 
(25,983
)
(7) 
75,062

(3) 
Net income (loss)
$
133,125

 
$
(40,288
)
 
$
(16,558
)
 
$
(28,845
)
 
$
196,303

 
Net income (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.07

 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.13
)
 
$
(0.20
)
 
$
2.17

 
Diluted
$
1.05

 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.13
)
 
$
(0.20
)
 
$
2.11

 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
124,534

 
126,946

 
127,121

 
141,937

 
90,477

 
Diluted
127,356

 
126,946

 
127,121

 
141,937

 
93,211

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of Fiscal Year End
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
(1) 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
711,035

 
$
926,037

 
$
545,463

 
$
425,881

 
$
299,814

 
Short-term investments
901

 

 

 
186,808

 
244,830

 
Working capital
1,249,227

 
1,402,526

 
1,042,777

 
1,135,409

(8) 
1,174,795

 
Total assets
5,808,024

 
6,381,519

 
6,522,323

 
6,596,819

 
6,892,379

(4) 
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, less current portion
920,935

(19) 
983,290

 
989,154

 
988,130

(6) 

 
Stockholders' equity
4,359,679

 
4,775,564

 
4,896,722

 
4,999,672

 
6,173,160

 
1 As a result of the Business Combination, which was completed on January 1, 2015, fiscal 2015 results include the results of TriQuint Semiconductor, Inc. as of March 28, 2015 and for the period of January 1, 2015 through March 28, 2015. 
2 Other operating expense for fiscal 2015 includes acquisition and integration-related expenses of $43.5 million and restructuring expenses of $12.4 million. 
3 Income tax benefit for fiscal 2015 includes the effects of the income tax benefit generated by the reduction in the valuation allowance against domestic deferred tax assets. 
4 Total assets for fiscal 2015 include goodwill and intangible assets totaling approximately $4,430.7 million associated with the Business Combination. 

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5 Other operating expense for fiscal 2016 includes integration-related expenses of $26.5 million and restructuring expenses of $10.2 million.  
6 During fiscal 2016, we issued the 2023 Notes and the 2025 Notes and recorded $25.8 million of related interest expense, which was offset by $5.2 million of capitalized interest (see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
7 Income tax expense for fiscal 2016 includes the effects of the income tax expense generated by the increase in the valuation allowance against domestic state deferred tax assets. 
8 ASU 2015-17 "Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes" was adopted in fiscal 2016 which required deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities to be presented as non-current in a classified balance sheet. Prior periods presented were not retrospectively adjusted. 
9 Other operating expense for fiscal 2017 includes integration-related expenses of $16.9 million and restructuring expenses of $2.1 million (see Note 6 and Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
10 During fiscal 2017, we recorded $69.9 million of interest expense related to the 2023 Notes and the 2025 Notes, which was offset by $13.6 million of capitalized interest (see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report).  
11 Income tax expense for fiscal 2017 includes the effects of the increase in our unrecognized tax benefits (see Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
12 Other operating expense for fiscal 2018 includes integration-related expenses of $6.2 million and restructuring expenses of $67.7 million (see Note 6 and Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
13 During fiscal 2018, we recorded $70.5 million of interest expense primarily related to the 2023 Notes and the 2025 Notes, which was offset by $13.6 million of capitalized interest (see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report).  
14 Income tax expense for fiscal 2018 includes the effects from the enactment of the Tax Act, including the one-time Transitional Repatriation Tax, which was partially offset by the benefit from remeasuring deferred taxes for the decrease in the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% (see Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
15 Other operating expense for fiscal 2019 includes restructuring expenses of $50.7 million (see Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
16 During fiscal 2019, we issued the 2026 Notes and recorded $49.8 million of interest expense related to the 2023 Notes, the 2025 Notes and the 2026 Notes, which was offset by $8.8 million of capitalized interest (see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
17 During fiscal 2019, we recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $90.2 million related to the repurchases of the 2023 Notes and the 2025 Notes (see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 
18 Income tax benefit for fiscal 2019 includes the effects of the Tax Act measurement period adjustments, including revisions to the provisional one-time Transitional Repatriation Tax and the remeasurement of deferred tax assets, tax benefits associated with finalization of federal and international tax returns, and the recognition of previously unrecognized tax benefits (see Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report).  
19 During fiscal 2019, we repurchased $444.5 million of the 2023 Notes and $525.1 million of the 2025 Notes and issued a total of $900.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes (see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report). 


 



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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto, set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

OVERVIEW

Company

Qorvo® is a product and technology leader at the forefront of the growing global demand for always-on broadband connectivity. We combine a broad portfolio of innovative RF solutions, highly differentiated semiconductor technologies, systems-level expertise and global manufacturing scale to supply a diverse group of customers in expanding markets, including smartphones and other mobile devices, defense and aerospace, Wi-Fi CPE, cellular base stations, and multiple IoT applications including the smart home and connected car. Within these markets, our products enable a broad range of leading-edge applications – from very-high-power wired and wireless infrastructure solutions to ultra-low-power smart home solutions. Our products and technologies help people around the world connect with each other, access broadband data and critical networks, transact mobile commerce and interact through social media.

Business Segments

We design, develop, manufacture and market our products to U.S. and international OEMs and ODMs in two reportable operating segments: Mobile Products ("MP") and Infrastructure and Defense Products ("IDP").

MP is a global supplier of cellular RF and Wi-Fi solutions for a variety of mobile devices, including smartphones, wearables, laptops, tablets and cellular-based applications for the IoT.

IDP is a global supplier of RF and SoC solutions for cellular base stations and other wireless communications infrastructure, defense, smart home, automotive and other IoT applications.

These business segments are based on the organizational structure and information reviewed by our Chief Executive Officer, who is our chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), and are managed separately based on the end markets and applications they support. The CODM allocates resources and evaluates the performance of each operating segment primarily based on non-GAAP operating income. For financial information about the results of our reportable operating segments for each of the last three fiscal years, see Note 16 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

Fiscal 2019 Management Summary

Revenue increased 3.9% in fiscal 2019 to $3,090.3 million compared to $2,973.5 million in fiscal 2018, primarily due to higher demand for our mobile products in support of customers based in China as well as higher demand for our base station products, partially offset by a decrease in revenue due to weakness in marquee smartphone demand experienced by our largest end customer.

Gross margin was relatively flat for fiscal 2019 as compared to fiscal 2018, with average selling price erosion offset by favorable changes in product mix.

Operating income was $216.5 million in fiscal 2019, compared to $70.3 million in fiscal 2018. This increase was primarily due to lower intangible amortization, higher revenue, and lower impairment charges on property and equipment.

Net income per diluted share was $1.05 for fiscal 2019, compared to net loss per diluted share of $0.32 for fiscal 2018.

Cash flow from operations was $810.4 million for fiscal 2019, compared to $852.5 million for fiscal 2018. This year-over-year decrease was primarily due to unfavorable changes in working capital and increased tax payments, partially offset by increased net income in fiscal 2019.

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Capital expenditures were $220.9 million in fiscal 2019, compared to $269.8 million in fiscal 2018. We are controlling capital expenditures through the reuse of tools and reconfiguration of our factories.

During fiscal 2019, we recognized impairment charges on certain property and equipment of $15.9 million related to our planned closure of a wafer fabrication facility in Florida.

During fiscal 2019, we repurchased $429.2 million and redeemed the remaining $15.3 million of the aggregate principal balance of the 2023 Notes. During fiscal 2019, we also repurchased $525.1 million aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Notes. We recognized a loss on debt extinguishment of $90.2 million related to these retirements in fiscal 2019.

During fiscal 2019, we completed offerings totaling $900.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes.

During fiscal 2019, we repurchased approximately 9.1 million shares of our common stock for approximately $638.1 million.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Consolidated

The table below presents a summary of our results of operations for fiscal years 2019 and 2018. See Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on May 21, 2018, for Management's Discussions and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the fiscal year ended April 1, 2017.
 
 
2019
 
2018
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
Dollars
 
% of
Revenue
 
Dollars
 
% of
Revenue
Revenue
 
$
3,090,325

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,973,536

 
100.0
%
Cost of goods sold
 
1,895,142

 
61.3

 
1,826,570

 
61.4

Gross profit
 
1,195,183

 
38.7

 
1,146,966

 
38.6

Research and development
 
450,482

 
14.6

 
445,103

 
15.0

Selling, general, and administrative
 
476,074

 
15.4

 
527,751

 
17.7

Other operating expense
 
52,161

 
1.7

 
103,830

 
3.5

Operating income
 
$
216,466

 
7.0
%
 
$
70,282

 
2.4
%

Revenue

Our overall revenue increased $116.8 million in fiscal 2019, compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to higher demand for our mobile products in support of customers based in China as well as higher demand for our base station products, partially offset by a decrease in revenue due to weakness in marquee smartphone demand experienced by our largest end customer.

We provided our products to our largest end customer (Apple) through sales to multiple contract manufacturers, which in the aggregate accounted for 32% and 36% of total revenue in fiscal years 2019 and 2018, respectively. Huawei accounted for approximately 13% and 8% of our total revenue in fiscal years 2019 and 2018, respectively. These customers primarily purchase RF and Wi-Fi solutions for cellular base stations and a variety of mobile devices, including smartphones, wearables, laptops, tablets and cellular-based applications for the IoT. In May 2019, the U.S. government imposed restrictions on the sales of products to Huawei (see Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report).

International shipments amounted to $2,610.0 million in fiscal 2019 (approximately 84% of revenue) compared to $2,449.1 million in fiscal 2018 (approximately 82% of revenue). Shipments to Asia totaled $2,446.3 million in

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fiscal 2019 (approximately 79% of revenue) compared to $2,329.3 million in fiscal 2018 (approximately 78% of revenue).

Gross Margin

Gross margin was relatively flat for fiscal 2019 as compared to fiscal 2018, with average selling price erosion offset by favorable changes in product mix.
 
Operating Expenses

Research and Development

In fiscal 2019, R&D spending increased $5.4 million, compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to higher personnel related costs, partially offset by lower product development spend driven by R&D efficiency initiatives.

Selling, General and Administrative

In fiscal 2019, selling, general and administrative expense decreased $51.7 million, or 9.8%, compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to lower intangible amortization, partially offset by higher personnel related costs.

Other Operating Expense

In fiscal 2019, other operating expense was $52.2 million. In fiscal 2019, we recognized $15.9 million of asset impairment charges (to adjust the carrying value of certain property and equipment to reflect fair value) and $11.6 million of employee termination benefits as a result of restructuring actions (see Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for information on restructuring actions). In fiscal 2019, we also recorded $18.0 million of start-up costs related to new processes and operations in existing facilities.

In fiscal 2018, other operating expense was $103.8 million. In fiscal 2018, we initiated restructuring actions to improve operating efficiencies, and, as a result of these actions, we recorded approximately $18.3 million of employee termination benefits and adjusted the carrying value of certain held for sale assets located in China and the U.S. to fair market value (resulting in impairment charges totaling approximately $46.3 million). In fiscal 2018, we also recorded integration costs and restructuring costs of $6.2 million and $2.6 million, respectively, associated with the Business Combination, as well as $24.3 million of start-up costs related to new processes and operations in both existing and new facilities.

Operating Income

Our overall operating income was $216.5 million for fiscal 2019, compared to $70.3 million for fiscal 2018. This increase was primarily due to lower intangible amortization, higher revenue, and lower impairment charges on property and equipment.

Segment Product Revenue, Operating Income and Operating Income as a Percentage of Revenue

Mobile Products
 
 
Fiscal Year
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
$
2,197,660

 
$
2,181,161

Operating income
 
$
558,990

 
$
549,574

Operating income as a % of revenue
 
25.4
%
 
25.2
%

MP revenue increased $16.5 million in fiscal 2019, compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to higher demand for our mobile products in support of customers based in China, partially offset by a decrease in revenue due to weakness in marquee smartphone demand experienced by our largest end customer.


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MP operating income increased in fiscal 2019, compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to higher revenue and lower operating expenses. Operating expenses decreased primarily due to lower product development driven by R&D efficiency initiatives.

Infrastructure and Defense Products
 
 
Fiscal Year
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
$
892,665

 
$
788,495

Operating income
 
$
267,304

 
$
235,719

Operating income as a % of revenue
 
29.9
%
 
29.9
%

IDP revenue increased $104.2 million, or 13.2%, in fiscal 2019, compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to higher demand for our base station products.

IDP operating income increased $31.6 million, or 13.4%, in fiscal 2019, compared to fiscal 2018, primarily due to higher revenue, partially offset by lower gross margin (which was negatively impacted by lower factory utilization).

See Note 16 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for a reconciliation of segment operating income to the consolidated operating income for fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017.

OTHER (EXPENSE) INCOME AND INCOME TAXES
 
 
Fiscal Year
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Interest expense
 
$
(43,963
)
 
$
(59,548
)
Interest income
 
10,971

 
7,017

Other expense
 
(91,682
)
 
(606
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
 
41,333

 
(57,433
)

Interest expense

We recognized $49.8 million of interest expense in fiscal 2019 related to the 2023 Notes, 2025 Notes and the 2026 Notes. We recognized $70.5 million of interest expense in fiscal 2018, primarily related to the 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes. Interest expense in the preceding table for fiscal years 2019 and 2018 is net of capitalized interest of $8.8 million and $13.6 million, respectively.


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Other expense

During fiscal 2019 we recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $90.2 million (see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 for additional information regarding our debt extinguishment activity).

Income tax benefit (expense)

Income tax benefit for fiscal 2019 was $41.3 million. This was primarily comprised of tax benefits related to domestic and international operations generating pre-tax book losses, tax credits, adjustments related to provisional estimates for the impact of the Tax Act, and a decrease in gross unrecognized tax benefits, offset by tax expenses related to international operations generating pre-tax book income and $70.8 million related to the GILTI inclusions. For fiscal 2019, this resulted in an annual effective tax rate of (45.0)%.

Income tax expense for fiscal 2018 was $57.4 million. This was primarily comprised of tax expense related to the net $77.3 million provisional impact of the Tax Act, international operations generating pre-tax book income and an increase in gross unrecognized tax benefits, offset by tax benefits related to tax credits and domestic and international operations generating pre-tax book losses. For fiscal 2018, this resulted in an annual effective tax rate of 335.0%.
A valuation allowance has been established against deferred tax assets in the taxing jurisdictions where, based upon the positive and negative evidence available, it is more likely than not that the related deferred tax assets will not be realized. Realization is dependent upon generating future income in the taxing jurisdictions in which the operating loss carryovers, credit carryovers, depreciable tax basis, and other deferred tax assets exist. Management reevaluates the ability to realize the benefit of these deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis. As of the end of fiscal years 2019 and 2018, the valuation allowance against domestic and foreign deferred tax assets was $40.4 million and $42.8 million, respectively.
See Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for additional information regarding income taxes.

STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

Under Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation,” stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award using an option pricing model for stock options (Black-Scholes) and market price for restricted stock units, and is recognized as expense over the employee's requisite service period.

As of March 30, 2019, total remaining unearned compensation cost related to unvested restricted stock units and options was $74.0 million, which will be amortized over the weighted-average remaining service period of approximately 1.2 years.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Cash generated by operations is our primary source of liquidity. As of March 30, 2019, we had working capital of approximately $1,249.2 million, including $711.0 million in cash and cash equivalents, compared to working capital of $1,402.5 million, including $926.0 million in cash and cash equivalents, as of March 31, 2018.

Our $711.0 million of total cash and cash equivalents as of March 30, 2019, includes approximately $476.8 million held by our foreign subsidiaries, of which $345.1 million is held by Qorvo International Pte. Ltd. in Singapore. If the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries are needed in the U.S., we may be required to accrue and pay state income and/or foreign local withholding taxes to repatriate these earnings.  Under our current plans, we may repatriate the foreign earnings of Qorvo International Pte. Ltd. and expect to permanently reinvest the undistributed earnings of our other foreign subsidiaries.


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Credit Agreement

On December 5, 2017, we and certain of our material domestic subsidiaries (the “Guarantors”) entered into a five-year unsecured senior credit facility with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, swing line lender, and L/C issuer, and a syndicate of lenders (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”). On the same date, in connection with the execution of the Credit Agreement, we terminated our prior credit agreement, dated April 7, 2015.

The Credit Agreement includes a senior delayed draw term loan of up to $400.0 million (the "Term Loan") and a $300.0 million revolving line of credit (the "Revolving Facility", together with the Term Loan, the "Credit Facility"). In December 2017, $100.0 million of the Term Loan was funded, and this amount was subsequently repaid in March 2018. The remainder of the Term Loan is available, at our discretion, in up to two draws prior to June 30, 2019. The Revolving Facility includes a $25.0 million sublimit for the issuance of standby letters of credit and a $10.0 million sublimit for swing line loans. We may request at any time that the Credit Facility be increased by an amount not to exceed $300.0 million. The Credit Facility is available to finance working capital, capital expenditures and other corporate purposes. Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are jointly and severally guaranteed by the Guarantors. Outstanding amounts are due in full on the maturity date of December 5, 2022 (with amounts borrowed under the swing line option due in full no later than ten business days after such loan is made). We had no outstanding amounts under the Credit Facility as of March 30, 2019.

See Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further information about the Credit Agreement, including applicable interest rates and financial covenants. As of March 30, 2019, we were in compliance with all the financial covenants under the Credit Agreement.


Stock Repurchases

On May 23, 2018, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program to repurchase up to $1.0 billion of our outstanding stock, which included approximately $126.3 million authorized under a prior share repurchase program which was terminated concurrent with the new authorization. Under this program, share repurchases will be made in accordance with applicable securities laws on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. The extent to which we repurchase our shares, the number of shares and the timing of any repurchases will depend on general market conditions, regulatory requirements, alternative investment opportunities and other considerations. The program does not require us to repurchase a minimum number of shares, does not have a fixed term, and may be modified, suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice.

We repurchased 9.1 million shares and 2.9 million shares of our common stock during fiscal years 2019 and 2018, respectively, at an aggregate cost of $638.1 million and $219.9 million, respectively, in accordance with our share repurchase program described above and its predecessor share repurchase program. As of March 30, 2019, $397.9 million remains available for future repurchases under our current share repurchase program.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Operating activities in fiscal 2019 provided cash of $810.4 million, compared to $852.5 million in fiscal 2018. This year-over-year decrease was primarily due to unfavorable changes in working capital and increased tax payments, offset by increased net income in fiscal 2019.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities in fiscal 2019 was $247.6 million, compared to $277.4 million in fiscal 2018. We are controlling capital expenditures through the reuse of tools and reconfiguration of our factories.
 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities in fiscal 2019 was $776.7 million, compared to $196.8 million in fiscal 2018. This year-over-year increase was primarily due to higher share repurchase activity, the repurchase and redemption of the 2023 Notes and the repurchase of a majority of the 2025 Notes, partially offset by the issuance of the 2026 Notes.


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Our future capital requirements may differ materially from those currently anticipated and will depend on many factors, including market acceptance of and demand for our products, acquisition opportunities, technological advances and our relationships with suppliers and customers. Based on current and projected levels of cash flow from operations, coupled with our existing cash and cash equivalents and our Credit Facility, we believe that we have sufficient liquidity to meet both our short-term and long-term cash requirements. However, if there is a significant decrease in demand for our products, or if our revenue grows faster than we anticipate, operating cash flows may be insufficient to meet our needs. If existing resources and cash from operations are not sufficient to meet our future requirements or if we perceive conditions to be favorable, we may seek additional debt or equity financing. Additional equity or debt financing could be dilutive to holders of our common stock. Further, we cannot be sure that additional equity or debt financing, if required, will be available on favorable terms, if at all.

IMPACT OF INFLATION

We do not believe that the effects of inflation had a significant impact on our revenue or operating income during fiscal years 2019 and 2018.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

As of March 30, 2019, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of SEC Regulation S-K.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

The following table summarizes our significant contractual obligations and commitments (in thousands) as of March 30, 2019, and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods.
 
Payments Due By Period
 
Total Payments
 
Fiscal 2020
 
Fiscal 2021-2022
 
Fiscal 2023-2024
 
Fiscal 2025 and thereafter
Capital commitments (1)
$
71,588

 
$
68,500

 
$
3,088

 
$

 
$

Long-term debt obligations (2)
1,306,259

 
51,276

 
102,276

 
102,276

 
1,050,431

Capital leases (3)
52,379

 
241

 
2,440

 
2,440

 
47,258

Operating leases
92,881

 
22,207

 
23,713

 
15,363

 
31,598

Purchase obligations (4)
290,102

 
259,935

 
26,571

 
3,596

 

Cross-licensing liability (5)
7,800

 
2,400

 
4,800

 
600

 

Deferred compensation (6)
18,737

 
1,137

 
1,357

 
915

 
15,328

Total
$
1,839,746

 
$
405,696

 
$
164,245

 
$
125,190

 
$
1,144,615

(1) Capital commitments represent obligations for the purchase of property and equipment. They are not recorded as liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheet because we had not received the related goods or services as of March 30, 2019.
(2) Long-term debt obligations represent future cash payments of principal and interest over the life of the 2025 Notes and 2026 Notes, including anticipated interest payments not recorded as liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 30, 2019. Debt obligations are classified based on their stated maturity date, and any future redemptions would impact our cash payments. See Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further information.
(3) The capital lease obligation primarily relates to a lease that was signed in fiscal 2018 for an assembly and test facility in Beijing, China. This lease will allow us to consolidate several leased facilities in Beijing, China. The lease is not recorded on our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 30, 2019 because the lease term is not expected to commence until fiscal 2021.
(4) Purchase obligations represent payments due to purchase materials and manufacturing services. They are not recorded as liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheet because we had not received the related goods or services as of March 30, 2019.
(5) The cross-licensing liability represents payables under a cross-licensing agreement and are included in "Accrued liabilities" and "Other long-term liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 30, 2019.
(6) Commitments for deferred compensation represent the liability under our Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan. See Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further information.


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Other Contractual Obligations

As of March 30, 2019, in addition to the amounts shown in the contractual obligations table above, we have $107.6 million of unrecognized income tax benefits and accrued interest, of which $14.8 million has been recorded as a liability.  We are uncertain as to if, or when, such amounts may be settled. We also have an obligation related to the Transitional Repatriation Tax. The remaining obligation of $5.7 million, which has been recorded as a liability, is expected to be settled in fiscal 2022 through fiscal 2026.  

As a result of restructuring actions, we expect to pay approximately $10.0 million to $20.0 million related to employee termination benefits and approximately $5.0 million to $10.0 million related to other exit costs in fiscal 2020. See Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further information.

We announced the acquisition of Active-Semi on April 10, 2019, which was subsequently completed on May 6, 2019 for a cash purchase price of approximately $325.0 million. See Note 19 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further information.

As discussed in Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report, we have two pension plans in Germany with a combined benefit obligation of approximately $12.9 million as of March 30, 2019. Pension benefit payments are not included in the schedule above because they are not available for all periods presented. Pension benefit payments were approximately $0.2 million in fiscal 2019 and are expected to be approximately $0.3 million in fiscal 2020.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires management to use judgment and estimates. The level of uncertainty in estimates and assumptions increases with the length of time until the underlying transactions are completed. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The accounting policies that are most critical in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements are those that are both important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations and require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management. Our critical accounting policies are reviewed periodically with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. We also have other policies that we consider key accounting policies; however, these policies typically do not require us to make estimates or judgments that are difficult or subjective (see Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report).

Inventory Reserves. The valuation of inventory requires us to estimate obsolete or excess inventory. The determination of obsolete or excess inventory requires us to estimate the future demand for our products within specific time horizons, generally 12 to 24 months. The estimates of future demand that we use in the valuation of inventory reserves are the same as those used in our revenue forecasts and are also consistent with the estimates used in our manufacturing plans to enable consistency between inventory valuations and build decisions. Product-specific facts and circumstances reviewed in the inventory valuation process include a review of the customer base, market conditions, and customer acceptance of our products and technologies, as well as an assessment of the selling price in relation to the product cost.

Historically, inventory reserves have fluctuated as new technologies have been introduced and customers’ demand has shifted. Inventory reserves had an impact on margins of less than 2% in fiscal years 2019 and 2018.

Property and Equipment. Periodically, we evaluate the period over which we expect to recover the economic value of our property and equipment, considering factors such as changes in machinery and equipment technology, our ability to re-use equipment across generations of process technology and historical usage trends. When we determine that the useful lives of assets are shorter or longer than we had originally estimated, we adjust the rate of depreciation to reflect the revised useful lives of the assets.

We assess property and equipment for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the assets or the asset group may not be recoverable. Factors that we consider in deciding when to perform an impairment review include an adverse change in our use of the assets or an expectation that the assets will be sold or otherwise disposed. We assess the recoverability of the assets held and used by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their remaining estimated useful lives against their respective carrying amounts.  Assets identified as “held for sale” are recorded at the lesser of their carrying value or their fair market value less costs to sell.  Impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets.  The process of evaluating property and equipment for impairment is highly subjective and requires significant judgment as we are required to make assumptions about items such as future demand for our products and industry trends.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets. Goodwill is recorded when the purchase price paid for a business exceeds the estimated fair value of the net identified tangible and intangible assets acquired. Intangibles are recorded when such assets are acquired by purchase or license. The value of our intangibles, including goodwill, could be impacted by future adverse changes such as: (i) any future declines in our operating results; (ii) a decline in the value of technology company stocks, including the value of our common stock; (iii) a prolonged or more significant slowdown in the worldwide economy or the semiconductor industry; or (iv) failure to meet the performance projections included in our forecasts of future operating results.

We account for goodwill in accordance with the FASB's guidance, which requires annual testing for impairment or whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred. We perform our annual impairment tests on the first day of the fourth quarter in each fiscal year. Our indefinite-lived intangible assets consist of in-process research and development.

We have the option to perform a qualitative assessment (commonly referred to as "step zero") to determine whether further quantitative analysis for impairment of goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets is

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necessary. In performing step zero for our impairment test, we are required to make assumptions and judgments, including the evaluation of macroeconomic conditions as related to our business, industry and market trends, and the overall future financial performance of our reporting units and future opportunities in the markets in which they operate. We also consider recent fair value calculations of our indefinite-lived intangible assets and reporting units as well as cost factors such as changes in raw materials, labor or other costs. If the step zero analysis indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit or indefinite-lived asset is less than its respective carrying value including goodwill, then we would perform an additional quantitative analysis. For goodwill, this involves a two-step process. The first step compares the fair value of the reporting unit, including its goodwill, to its carrying value. If the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, then the second step of the process is performed to determine the amount of impairment. The second step compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit's goodwill to the carrying value of the goodwill. An impairment charge is recognized for the amount the carrying value of the reporting unit's goodwill exceeds its implied fair value.

For indefinite-lived intangible assets, the quantitative analysis compares the carrying value of the asset to its fair value and an impairment charge is recognized for the amount its carrying value exceeds its fair value.

Determining the fair value of reporting units, indefinite-lived intangible assets and implied fair value of a reporting unit's goodwill is reliant upon estimated future revenues, profitability and cash flows and consideration of market factors. Assumptions, judgments and estimates are complex, subjective and can be affected by a variety of factors, including external factors such as industry and economic trends, and internal factors such as changes in our business strategy or our internal forecasts. Although we believe the assumptions, judgments and estimates we have made have been reasonable and appropriate, different assumptions, judgments and estimates could materially affect our results of operations.

Goodwill
Goodwill is allocated to our reporting units based on the expected benefit from the synergies of the business combinations generating the underlying goodwill. In fiscal years 2019 and 2018, we completed qualitative assessments to determine whether conditions existed that indicated it was more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting units was less than the carrying value. If we concluded, based on assessment of relevant events, facts and circumstances, that it was more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value was greater than its carrying value, no further impairment testing was required. We concluded that the fair value of the reporting units exceeded the carrying value for fiscal years 2019 and 2018 and no further testing was required.

If our assessment of qualitative factors indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of our reporting units is less than the carrying value, then a quantitative assessment is performed. We also have the option to bypass the qualitative assessment described above and proceed directly to the quantitative assessment. The quantitative assessment requires comparing the fair value of the reporting units to their carrying value, including goodwill.

We use both the income and market approaches to estimate the fair value of our reporting units. The income approach involves discounting future estimated cash flows. The sum of the reporting unit cash flow projections is compared to our market capitalization in a discounted cash flow framework to calculate our overall implied internal rate of return (or discount rate). Our market capitalization is adjusted to a control basis assuming a reasonable control premium, which results in an implied discount rate. This implied discount rate serves as a baseline for estimating the specific discount rate for each reporting unit.

The discount rate used is the value-weighted average of our estimated cost of equity and debt (“cost of capital”) derived using both known and estimated customary market metrics. Our weighted average cost of capital is adjusted for each reporting unit to reflect a risk factor, if necessary, for each reporting unit. We perform sensitivity tests with respect to growth rates and discount rates used in the income approach. We also consider historical rates and current market conditions when determining the discount and growth rates used in our analysis. We believe the income approach is appropriate because it provides a fair value estimate based upon the respective reporting unit’s expected long-term operations and cash flow performance.


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In applying the market approach, valuation multiples are derived from historical and projected operating data of selected guideline companies, which are evaluated and adjusted, if necessary, based on the strengths and weaknesses of the reporting unit relative to the selected guideline companies. The valuation multiples are then applied to the appropriate historical and/or projected operating data of the reporting unit to arrive at an indication of fair value. We believe the market approach is appropriate because it provides a fair value using multiples from companies with operations and economic characteristics similar to our reporting units. We weight the results of the income approach and the results of the market approach at 50% each for the MP and IDP reporting units, and if it is concluded that the fair value of the reporting units is determined to be substantially in excess of the carrying value, no further analysis is warranted. If the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, a goodwill impairment charge is recognized for the amount in excess, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit.

Intangible Assets with Definite Lives
Intangible assets are recorded when such assets are acquired by purchase or license. Finite-lived intangible assets consist primarily of developed technology and customer relationships resulting from business combinations and are subject to amortization.

The fair value of developed technology acquired during fiscal years 2013, 2015 and 2017 was determined based on an income approach using the "excess earnings method," which estimated the value of the intangible assets by discounting the future projected earnings of the asset to present value as of the valuation date. Developed technology is amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life, ranging from three to six years.

The fair value of customer relationships acquired during fiscal years 2015 and 2017 was determined based on an income approach using the “with and without method," in which the value of the asset was determined by the difference in discounted cash flows of our profitability "with" the asset and our profitability "without" the asset. Customer relationships are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life, ranging from three to ten years.

We regularly review identified intangible assets to determine if facts and circumstances indicate that the useful life has changed from the original estimate or that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. If such facts and circumstances exist, we assess the recoverability of identified intangible assets by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their remaining lives against their respective carrying amounts. Impairments, if any, are based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets and occur in the period in which the impairment determination was made.

Revenue Recognition. We generate revenue primarily from the sale of semiconductor products, either directly to a customer or to a distributor, or at completion of a consignment process. Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. A majority of our revenue is recognized at a point in time, either on shipment or delivery of the product, depending on individual customer terms and conditions. Revenue from sales to our distributors is recognized upon shipment of the product to the distributors (sell-in). Revenue is recognized from our consignment programs at a point in time when the products are pulled from consignment inventory by the customer. Revenue recognized for products and services over-time is immaterial (less than 2% of overall revenue). We apply a five-step approach as defined in ASC 606 "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" in determining the amount and timing of revenue to be recognized: (1) identifying the contract with a customer; (2) identifying the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determining the transaction price; (4) allocating the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognizing revenue when the corresponding performance obligation is satisfied.

Sales agreements are in place with certain customers and contain terms and conditions with respect to payment, delivery, warranty and supply, but typically do not require minimum purchase commitments. In the absence of a sales agreement, our standard terms and conditions apply. We consider a customer's purchase order, which is governed by a sales agreement or our standard terms and conditions, to be the contract with the customer.


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Our pricing terms are negotiated independently, on a stand-alone basis. In determining the transaction price, we evaluate whether the price is subject to a refund or adjustment to determine the net consideration to which we expect to be entitled. Variable consideration in the form of rebate programs is offered to certain customers, including distributors. A majority of these rebates are accrued and classified as a contra accounts receivable, and represent less than 5% of net revenue. We determine variable consideration by estimating the most likely amount of consideration we expect to receive from the customer. Our terms and conditions do not give our customers a right of return associated with the original sale of our products. However, we may authorize sales returns under certain circumstances, which include courtesy returns and like-kind exchanges. Sales returns are classified as a refund liability. We reduce revenue and record reserves for product returns and allowances, rebate programs and scrap allowance based on historical experience or specific identification depending on the contractual terms of the arrangement.

Our accounts receivable balance is from contracts with customers and represents our unconditional right to receive consideration from our customers. Payments are due upon completion of the performance obligation and subsequent invoicing. Substantially all payments are collected within our standard terms, which do not include any financing components. To date, there have been no material impairment losses on accounts receivable. Contract assets and contract liabilities recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheet were immaterial as of March 30, 2019.

We invoice customers upon shipment and recognize revenues in accordance with delivery terms. As of March 30, 2019, we had $32.0 million in remaining unsatisfied performance obligations with an original duration greater than one year, of which the majority is expected to be recognized as income over the next twelve months.

We include shipping charges billed to customers in "Revenue" and include the related shipping costs in "Cost of goods sold" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Taxes assessed by government authorities on revenue-producing transactions, including tariffs, value-added and excise taxes, are excluded from revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

We incur commission expense that is incremental to obtaining contracts with customers. Sales commissions (which are recorded in the "Selling, general and administrative" expense line item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations) are expensed when incurred because such commissions are not owed until the performance obligation is satisfied, which coincides with the end of the contract term, and therefore no remaining period exists over which to amortize the commissions.

Income Taxes. In determining income for financial statement purposes, we must make certain estimates and judgments in the calculation of tax expense, the resultant tax liabilities, and the recoverability of deferred tax assets that arise from temporary differences between the tax and financial statement recognition of revenue and expense.

As part of our financial process, we assess on a tax jurisdictional basis the likelihood that our deferred tax assets can be recovered. If recovery is not more likely than not (a likelihood of less than 50 percent), the provision for taxes must be increased by recording a reserve in the form of a valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets that are estimated not to ultimately be recoverable. In this process, certain relevant criteria are evaluated including: the amount of income or loss in prior years, the existence of deferred tax liabilities that can be used to absorb deferred tax assets, the taxable income in prior carryback years that can be used to absorb net operating losses and credit carrybacks, future expected taxable income, and prudent and feasible tax planning strategies. Changes in taxable income, market conditions, U.S. or international tax laws, and other factors may change our judgment regarding whether we will be able to realize the deferred tax assets. These changes, if any, may require material adjustments to the net deferred tax assets and an accompanying reduction or increase in income tax expense which will result in a corresponding increase or decrease in net income in the period when such determinations are made. See Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for additional information regarding changes in the valuation allowance and net deferred tax assets.

As part of our financial process, we also assess the likelihood that our tax reporting positions will ultimately be sustained. To the extent it is determined it is more likely than not (a likelihood of more than 50 percent) that some portion or all of a tax reporting position will ultimately not be recognized and

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sustained, a provision for unrecognized tax benefit is provided by either reducing the applicable deferred tax asset or accruing an income tax liability. Our judgment regarding the sustainability of our tax reporting positions may change in the future due to changes in U.S. or international tax laws and other factors. These changes, if any, may require material adjustments to the related deferred tax assets or accrued income tax liabilities and an accompanying reduction or increase in income tax expense which will result in a corresponding increase or decrease in net income in the period when such determinations are made. See Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for additional information regarding our uncertain tax positions and the amount of unrecognized tax benefits.

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

For a description of recent accounting pronouncements, including those recently adopted and not yet effective, see Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

Financial Risk Management

We are exposed to financial market risks, including changes in interest rates, currency exchange rates and certain commodity prices. The overall objective of our financial risk management program is to seek a reduction in the potential negative earnings effects from changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates, equity price risk, and commodity prices arising from our business activities. We manage these financial exposures through operational means and by using various financial instruments, when deemed appropriate. These practices may change as economic conditions change.

Interest Rates

The interest rates under our Credit Agreement are variable; however, since we have no outstanding balances under the Credit Agreement, there is no interest rate risk related to this facility as of March 30, 2019.

Currency Exchange Rates

As a global company, our results are affected by movements in currency exchange rates. Our exposure may increase or decrease over time as our foreign business levels fluctuate in the countries where we have operations, and these changes could have a material impact on our financial results. The functional currency for most of our international operations is the U.S. dollar.  We have foreign operations in Asia, Costa Rica and Europe, and a substantial portion of our revenue is derived from sales to customers outside the U.S. Our international revenue is primarily denominated in U.S. dollars. Operating expenses and certain working capital items related to our foreign-based operations are, in some instances, denominated in the local foreign currencies and therefore are affected by changes in the U.S. dollar exchange rate in relation to foreign currencies, such as the Costa Rican Colon, Euro, Pound Sterling, Renminbi and Singapore Dollar. If the U.S. dollar weakens compared to these and other currencies, our operating expenses for foreign operations will be higher when remeasured back into U.S. dollars. We seek to manage our foreign exchange risk in part through operational means.

For fiscal 2019, we incurred a foreign currency loss of $2.1 million as compared to a loss of $2.8 million in fiscal 2018, which is recorded in “Other expense.” 
 
Our financial instrument holdings, including foreign receivables, cash and payables at March 30, 2019, were analyzed to determine their sensitivity to foreign exchange rate changes. In this sensitivity analysis, we assumed that the change in one currency's rate relative to the U.S. dollar would not have an effect on other currencies' rates relative to the U.S. dollar. All other factors were held constant. If the U.S. dollar declined in value 10% in relation to the re-measured foreign currency instruments, our net income would have decreased by approximately $1.4 million. If the U.S. dollar increased in value 10% in relation to the re-measured foreign currency instruments, our net income would have increased by approximately $1.1 million.

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Equity Price Risk

Our marketable equity investments in publicly traded companies are subject to market price risk.  Accordingly, a fluctuation in the price of each equity security could have an adverse impact on the fair value of our investment.  As of March 30, 2019, our equity investments were immaterial (see Note 3 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report).

Commodity Prices

We routinely use precious metals in the manufacture of our products. Supplies for such commodities may from time to time become restricted, or general market factors and conditions may affect the pricing of such commodities. We also have an active reclamation process to capture any unused gold. While we attempt to mitigate the risk of increases in commodities-related costs, there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully safeguard against potential short-term and long-term commodity price fluctuations.


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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Page
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
 
 


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Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share data)


 
March 30, 2019
 
March 31, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (Notes 1 & 3)
$
711,035

 
$
926,037

Accounts receivable, less allowance of $40 and $134 as of March 30, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively
378,172

 
345,957

Inventories (Notes 1 & 4)
511,793

 
472,292

Prepaid expenses
25,766

 
23,909

       Other receivables (Note 1)
21,934

 
44,795

Other current assets (Notes 1 & 9)
36,141

 
30,815

Total current assets
1,684,841

 
1,843,805

Property and equipment, net (Notes 1 & 5)
1,366,513

 
1,374,112

Goodwill (Notes 1, 6 & 7)
2,173,889

 
2,173,889

Intangible assets, net (Notes 1, 6 & 7)
408,210

 
860,336

Long-term investments (Notes 1 & 3)
97,786

 
63,765

Other non-current assets (Notes 9 & 12)
76,785

 
65,612

Total assets
$
5,808,024

 
$
6,381,519

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
233,307

 
$
213,193

Accrued liabilities (Notes 1, 9 & 11)
160,516

 
167,182

Other current liabilities (Note 12)
41,791

 
60,904

Total current liabilities
435,614

 
441,279

Long-term debt (Note 8)
919,270

 
983,290

Deferred tax liabilities (Note 12)
333

 
63,084

Other long-term liabilities (Notes 9, 11 & 12)
93,128

 
118,302

Total liabilities
1,448,345

 
1,605,955

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 10)


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.0001 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock and additional paid-in capital, $.0001 par value; 405,000 shares authorized; 119,063 and 126,322 shares issued and outstanding at March 30, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively
4,687,455

 
5,237,085

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(6,624
)
 
(2,752
)
Accumulated deficit
(321,152
)
 
(458,769
)
Total stockholders’ equity
4,359,679

 
4,775,564

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
5,808,024

 
$
6,381,519


See accompanying notes.

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Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)


 
Fiscal Year
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
3,090,325

 
$
2,973,536

 
$
3,032,574

Cost of goods sold
1,895,142

 
1,826,570

 
1,897,062

Gross profit
1,195,183

 
1,146,966

 
1,135,512

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
450,482

 
445,103

 
470,836

Selling, general and administrative 
476,074

 
527,751

 
545,588

Other operating expense (Note 11)
52,161

 
103,830

 
31,029

Total operating expenses
978,717

 
1,076,684

 
1,047,453

Operating income
216,466

 
70,282

 
88,059

 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense (Note 8)
(43,963
)
 
(59,548
)
 
(58,879
)
Interest income
10,971

 
7,017

 
1,212

Other expense (Note 8)
(91,682
)
 
(606
)
 
(3,087
)
Income before income taxes
$
91,792

 
$
17,145

 
$
27,305

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit (expense) (Note 12)
41,333

 
(57,433
)
 
(43,863
)
Net income (loss)
$
133,125

 
$
(40,288
)
 
$
(16,558
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) per share (Note 13):
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.07

 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.13
)
Diluted
$
1.05

 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.13
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding (Note 13):
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
124,534

 
126,946

 
127,121

Diluted
127,356

 
126,946

 
127,121

 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes.





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Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands)


 
Fiscal Year
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Net income (loss)
$
133,125

 
$
(40,288
)
 
$
(16,558
)
Total comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of tax
85

 
204

 
53

Change in pension liability, net of tax
(651
)
 
476

 
(339
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, including intra-entity foreign currency transactions that are of a long-term-investment nature
(3,396
)
 
1,276

 
(1,014
)
Reclassification adjustments, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency gain recognized and included in net loss

 
(581
)
 

Amortization of pension actuarial loss
90

 
179

 
127

Other comprehensive (loss) income
(3,872
)
 
1,554

 
(1,173
)
Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
129,253

 
$
(38,734
)
 
$
(17,731
)

See accompanying notes.



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Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands)


 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Total
Balance, April 2, 2016
127,386

 
$
5,442,613

 
$
(3,133
)
 
$
(439,808
)
 
$
4,999,672

Net loss

 

 

 
(16,558
)
 
(16,558
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 
(1,173
)
 

 
(1,173
)
Exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
2,484

 
16,832

 

 

 
16,832

Issuance of common stock in connection with employee stock purchase plan
678

 
25,640

 

 

 
25,640

Tax deficiency from exercised stock options

 
(56
)
 

 

 
(56
)
Repurchase of common stock, including transaction costs
(4,084
)
 
(209,357
)
 

 

 
(209,357
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 
81,722

 

 

 
81,722

Balance, April 1, 2017
126,464

 
$
5,357,394

 
$
(4,306
)
 
$
(456,366
)
 
$
4,896,722

Net loss

 

 

 
(40,288
)
 
(40,288
)
Other comprehensive income

 

 
1,554

 

 
1,554

Exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
2,246

 
4,735

 

 

 
4,735

Issuance of common stock in connection with employee stock purchase plan
541

 
28,064

 

 

 
28,064

Cumulative-effect adoption of ASU 2016-09


 

 

 
36,684

 
36,684

Cumulative-effect adoption of ASU 2016-16


 

 

 
1,201

 
1,201

Repurchase of common stock, including transaction costs
(2,929
)
 
(219,907
)
 

 

 
(219,907
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 
66,799

 

 

 
66,799

Balance, March 31, 2018
126,322

 
$
5,237,085

 
$
(2,752
)
 
$
(458,769
)
 
$
4,775,564

Net income

 

 

 
133,125

 
133,125

Other comprehensive loss

 

 
(3,872
)
 

 
(3,872
)
Exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld for employee taxes
1,368

 
(10,833
)
 

 

 
(10,833
)
Issuance of common stock in connection with employee stock purchase plan
468

 
26,817

 

 

 
26,817

Cumulative-effect adoption of ASU 2014-09


 

 

 
4,492

 
4,492

Repurchase of common stock, including transaction costs
(9,095
)
 
(638,074
)
 

 

 
(638,074
)
Stock-based compensation expense

 
72,460

 

 

 
72,460

Balance, March 30, 2019
119,063

 
$
4,687,455

 
$
(6,624
)
 
$
(321,152
)
 
$
4,359,679


See accompanying notes.

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Table of Contents
Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)


 
Fiscal Year
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
133,125

 
$
(40,288
)
 
$
(16,558
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
208,646

 
174,425

 
209,825

Intangible assets amortization (Note 7)
454,451

 
539,790

 
494,752

Loss on debt extinguishment (Note 8)
90,201

 
928

 

Deferred income taxes
(70,169
)
 
(32,248
)
 
(28,027
)
Foreign currency adjustments
(2,376
)
 
953

 
(36
)
Asset impairment (Note 11)
15,901

 
46,315

 

Stock-based compensation expense
71,580

 
68,158

 
88,845

Other, net
5,087

 
3,792

 
7,122

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(32,119
)
 
12,906

 
(36,873
)
Inventories
(39,590
)
 
(41,887
)
 
(6,442
)
Prepaid expenses and other current and non-current assets
13,343

 
28,310

 
20,285

Accounts payable
15,167

 
38,952

 
(1,035
)
Accrued liabilities
(3,899
)
 
(2,623
)
 
26,866

Income taxes payable and receivable
(38,206
)
 
50,801

 
13,414

Other liabilities
(10,778
)
 
4,236

 
4,682

Net cash provided by operating activities
810,364

 
852,520

 
776,820

Investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment
(220,937
)
 
(269,835
)
 
(552,702
)
Purchase of available-for-sale securities
(132,732
)
 

 
(469
)
Proceeds from sales and maturities of available-for-sale debt securities
133,132

 

 
186,793

Purchase of business, net of cash acquired (Note 6)

 

 
(117,994
)
Other investing
(27,017
)
 
(7,574
)
 
(5,976
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(247,554
)

(277,409
)
 
(490,348
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Repurchase and payment of debt (Note 8)
(1,050,680
)
 
(107,729
)
 

Proceeds from debt issuances (Note 8)
905,350

 
100,000

 

Repurchase of common stock, including transaction costs (Note 15)
(638,074
)
 
(219,907
)
 
(209,357
)
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock
41,289

 
57,412

 
59,148

Tax withholding paid on behalf of employees for restricted stock units
(24,835
)
 
(24,708
)
 
(15,516
)
Other financing
(9,714
)
 
(1,916
)
 
75

Net cash used in financing activities
(776,664
)
 
(196,848
)
 
(165,650
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(1,166
)
 
2,360

 
(1,105
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(215,020
)
 
380,623

 
119,717

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of the period
926,402

 
545,779

 
426,062

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of the period
$
711,382

 
$
926,402

 
$
545,779

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash paid during the year for interest
$
64,853

 
$
70,208

 
$
71,171

Cash paid during the year for income taxes
$
69,453

 
$
41,478

 
$
52,656

Non-cash investing and financing information: