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Qorvo, Inc. (Form: 10-K, Received: 05/31/2016 17:04:32)
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
 
 
FORM 10-K
 
 
 
x   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended April 2, 2016
or
¨   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
For the transition period from _______  to _______
 
 
 
Commission file number 001-36801
Qorvo, Inc.  
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
46-5288992
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
7628 Thorndike Road, Greensboro, North Carolina 27409-9421
 
and
 
2300 N.E. Brookwood Parkway, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(336) 664-1233 and (503) 615-9000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
(NASDAQ Global Select Market)
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None



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Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes ¨ No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S‑K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10‑K or any amendment to this Form 10‑K. x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer" and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer ¨
 
 
Non-accelerated filer ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No x

The aggregate market value of the registrant's common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $6,316,467,222 as of October 3, 2015. For purposes of such calculation, shares of common stock held by persons who held more than 10% of the outstanding shares of common stock and shares held by directors and officers of the registrant and their immediate family members have been excluded because such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination is not necessarily conclusive.

There were 127,530,673 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding as of May 18, 2016 .
 
 
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The registrant has incorporated by reference into Part III of this report certain portions of its proxy statement for its 2016 annual meeting of stockholders, which is expected to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the registrant’s fiscal year ended April 2, 2016 .
 
 



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QORVO, INC.
FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED APRIL 2, 2016
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 

 
 
 
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
 
 
 
 
 

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Forward-Looking Information

This report includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including but not limited to certain disclosures contained in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about our plans, objectives, representations and contentions, and are not historical facts and typically are identified by the use of terms such as "may," "will," "should," "could," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "potential," "continue" and similar words, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently. You should be aware that the forward-looking statements included herein represent management's current judgment and expectations, but our actual results, events and performance could differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements. We do not intend to update any of these forward-looking statements or publicly announce the results of any revisions to these forward-looking statements, other than as is required under the federal securities laws.
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements included in this report, including the notes thereto.

PART I

We use a 52- or 53-week fiscal year ending on the Saturday closest to March 31 of each year. Fiscal 2016 was a 53-week year and fiscal years 2015 and 2014 were 52-week years. Our other fiscal quarters end on the Saturday closest to June 30, September 30 and December 31 of each year.

On February 22, 2014, RF Micro Devices, Inc. (“RFMD”) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger and Reorganization as subsequently amended on July 15, 2014 (the "Merger Agreement"), with TriQuint Semiconductor, Inc. ("TriQuint") providing for the combination of RFMD and TriQuint in a merger of equals (the "Business Combination") under a new holding company named Qorvo, Inc. (the “Company” or “Qorvo”). The transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement were consummated on January 1, 2015. For financial reporting and accounting purposes, RFMD was the acquirer of TriQuint in the Business Combination. Unless otherwise noted, “we,” “our” or “us” in this report refers to RFMD and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, prior to the closing of the Business Combination and to Qorvo and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, after the closing of the Business Combination.

For more information concerning the Business Combination, see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

ITEM 1. BUSINESS.

Company Overview

Qorvo® is a leading provider of technologies and solutions that address the growing demand for always-on, high reliability, broadband data connectivity. We combine one of the industry’s broadest portfolios of radio frequency (“RF”) solutions and semiconductor technologies with deep systems-level expertise and scale manufacturing capabilities to enable a diverse set of cutting-edge customer products, including smartphones, tablets, wearables, broadband customer premise equipment, home automation, in-vehicle infotainment, data center and military radar and communications. Our products are helping to drive the ongoing, rapid transformation of how people around the world interact with their communities, access and use data, and transact commerce.

We have more than 7,300 global employees dedicated to delivering solutions for everything that connects the world. We have world-class ISO-certified manufacturing facilities, and our Richardson, Texas facility is a U.S. Department of Defense (“DoD”)-accredited ‘Trusted Source’ (Category 1A) for gallium arsenide (“GaAs”), gallium nitride (“GaN”) and bulk acoustic wave (“BAW”) technologies, products and services. Our design and manufacturing expertise encompasses many semiconductor process technologies, which we source both internally and through external suppliers. We operate worldwide with design, sales and manufacturing facilities located throughout Asia, Europe and North America. Our primary manufacturing facilities are located in North Carolina, Oregon, Texas and Florida, and our primary assembly and test facilities are located in China, Costa Rica and Texas.


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Qorvo was incorporated in Delaware in 2013. We maintain dual principal executive offices, which are located at 7628 Thorndike Road, Greensboro, North Carolina 27409 and at 2300 NE Brookwood Parkway, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124. Our telephone numbers at these locations are (336) 664-1233 and (503) 615-9000, respectively.

Operating Segments

We design, develop, manufacture and market our products to leading U.S. and international original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) and original design manufacturers (“ODMs”) in the following operating segments:

Mobile Products (MP) - MP is a leading global supplier of RF solutions that perform various functions in the increasingly complex cellular radio front end section of smartphones and other cellular devices. These RF solutions are required in fourth generation (“4G”) data-centric devices operating under Long-Term Evolution (“LTE”) 4G networks, as well as third generation (“3G”) and second generation (“2G”) mobile devices. Our solutions include complete RF front end modules that combine high-performance filters, power amplifiers (“PAs”), low noise amplifiers (“LNAs”) and switches, PA modules, transmit modules, antenna control solutions, antenna switch modules, diversity receive modules and envelope tracking (“ET”) power management devices. MP supplies its broad portfolio of RF solutions into a variety of mobile devices, including smartphones, notebook computers, wearables, tablets and cellular-based applications for the Internet of Things (“IoT”).

Infrastructure and Defense Products (IDP) - IDP is a leading global supplier of RF solutions that support diverse global applications, including ubiquitous high-speed network connectivity to the cloud, data center communications, rapid internet connectivity throughout the home and workplace, and upgraded military capabilities across the globe. Qorvo’s RF solutions enhance performance and reduce complexity in cellular base stations, optical long haul, data center and metro networks, WiFi networks, cable networks, and emerging fifth generation (“5G”) wireless networks. Our IDP products include high power GaAs and GaN PAs, LNAs, switches, RF filter solutions, CMOS system-on-a-chip (“SoC”) solutions and various multichip and hybrid assemblies. Our market-leading RF solutions for defense and aerospace upgrade communications and radar systems for air, land and sea. Our RF solutions for the IoT enable the connected car and an array of industrial applications, and we serve the home automation market with SoC solutions based on ZigBee and Bluetooth Smart technologies.

In connection with the Business Combination, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, we renamed our Cellular Products Group operating segment as MP and our Multi-Market Products Group operating segment as IDP. For financial information about the results of our operating segments for each of the last three fiscal years, see Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

Industry Overview

Our business is diversified across multiple industries. The cellular handset industry is our largest market and is characterized by large unit volumes, frequent product mix shift, high technical barriers to entry and relatively short product lifecycles.

To satisfy the growing global demand for always-on, high data-throughput connectivity, cellular handsets are transitioning rapidly from entry level 2G and 3G handsets to 4G LTE devices. These 4G devices incorporate new cellular bands and modes to enable more geographic coverage, including “global” phones that are not limited to specific regions or carriers. Additionally, 4G LTE devices are beginning to incorporate carrier aggregation to allow simultaneous communication over multiple frequency bands and to provide consumers with a more satisfying, higher data-throughput experience while helping network operators maximize spectral efficiency and better monetize their costly spectrum investments. Because 4G LTE devices often contain two to five times more RF content than 3G phones, the market for our RF components has been expanding in recent years. We believe these trends will continue as consumers continue to demand greater data throughput and as smartphone manufacturers and network operators seek to improve the performance of 4G LTE devices to attract and retain customers and enhance revenue.

The rapid proliferation of the IoT is also driving the growth in demand for RF content for new classes of devices, including systems for connected homes, energy management systems and a variety of health, fitness and medical devices, which use wireless connectivity to transmit data obtained from embedded sensors, meters, controllers and other components. As part of this phenomena, machine-to-machine (“M2M”) devices are increasingly integrating

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WiFi and cellular content for a growing number of applications, including automotive, electric and water utilities, fleet management and point-of-sale.

In cellular infrastructure, network operators are rapidly building out their 4G LTE networks to handle more data traffic, which increases the requirements for more and faster wireless backhaul systems, including upgrading transport capacity through microwave point-to-point radio and optical network links. In addition, to increase network coverage and capacity and ease the strain from skyrocketing mobile data traffic on congested cellular networks, the cellular infrastructure market is turning to WiFi offload strategies, including public access WiFi hotspots, and utilizing new architectures with small cell base stations such as micro cells, pico cells, and femtocells. The RF content in premises-based devices and distribution networks is increasing due to higher capacity requirements achieved through enabling increased bandwidth capability, typically at higher frequencies of operation.

In our CATV and optical network wireline transport markets, the rapid explosion of consumer and business data transmission, whether from high definition television (“HDTV”), Internet protocol television (“IPTV”), and voice over Internet protocol (“VoIP”), as well as the associated increases in Internet traffic in data centers, are driving market growth and placing increased emphasis on product performance, integration and power consumption. The adoption of DOCSIS 3.1 is accelerating and driving our CATV business. Additionally, the ever-increasing performance demands for telecom, data centers and metro networks continue to drive our optical business. Both markets are equally concerned about increasing capacity and speed, while decreasing costs and power consumption.

Defense and aerospace markets rely on dependable microwave monolithic integrated circuits ("MMICs") and discrete transistors in die-level and packaged forms, as well as surface acoustic wave ("SAW") and bulk acoustic wave ("BAW") filters. The global defense and aerospace industry that we serve is focused on balancing cost, performance and power consumption and is serviced through both commercial off-the-shelf products and custom devices for the most stringent applications that support the next generation of communication, defense and national security capabilities.

In connectivity markets, we are focused on delivering world-class products that address the higher performance requirements of 802.11ac and the proliferation of WiFi in mobile devices such as tablets and notebook computers and non-mobile equipment, including routers, access points, set-top boxes, automobiles and televisions. In these same markets, we enable interference-free reception and transmission through our premium filter products.

Across our customers’ diversified industries, their end-market products continue to increase in complexity and RF content, while wireless connectivity becomes a ubiquitous requirement of the IoT. This is expanding our addressable market and increasing our opportunities to deliver more highly integrated, higher value solutions. At the same time, we are leveraging our core capabilities, including scale manufacturing, advanced packaging capabilities and deep systems-level integration expertise, to target a greater number of applications and market opportunities.

Mission and Strategy

We are focused on profitable growth and diversification through technology and product leadership. Our long-term strategy to drive Qorvo’s growth and create stockholder value is underpinned by three principles:

Using differentiated technologies and product leadership to achieve operational excellence, capture value, and deliver superior financial results;
Driving the integration of our two predecessor companies to achieve as Qorvo what neither could achieve alone; and
Prioritizing the use of our cash and capital resources on investments that drive the growth of our business, returning capital to our stockholders through share repurchases on an opportunistic basis, and selective mergers and acquisitions to supplement the growth of IDP.

We serve diverse high-growth segments of large global markets, including advanced wireless devices, wired and wireless networks and defense radar and communications.  Within these segments, we leverage our industry-leading portfolio of RF solutions and technologies to provide leading customers a broad set of cutting-edge products and applications, including smartphones, wearables, connected home, connected car, and military radar and communications. We also leverage our unique competitive strengths to advance 5G networks, cloud computing, the IoT, and other emerging applications that expand the global framework interconnecting people, places and things. We combine product and technology leadership, systems-level expertise and global manufacturing scale to quickly

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solve our customers' most complex technical challenges. We are aligned with the leading customers in our targeted industries, and we are increasing the pace and scope of our new product development to meet emerging trends in our customers’ diversified industries.

Technology and product leadership
In MP's end markets, we leverage our systems-level expertise, manufacturing scale and industry-leading product and technology portfolio to simplify RF complexity, miniaturize product footprint, enhance product performance and enable a faster time to market for our customers. Qorvo is uniquely positioned to deliver a complete portfolio of multimode, multiband solutions combining high-performance filters, PAs, LNAs and switches in highly integrated, high-performance multi-chip modules. We are also a worldwide leader in high-performance, high-throw count switching solutions and antenna control systems, and we invest in the most advanced process technologies and design techniques to continue to advance the state of the art in these product categories.

In IDP's end markets, our advanced technologies and design capabilities are sought by industry-leading customers in large global markets, including 4G LTE and 5G base stations, optical networks, WiFi access points networks, connected automobile and home applications, defense communications applications, and domestic and international airborne, land and sea radar systems. Our highly integrated RF solutions leverage our differentiated, internally developed process technologies as well as leading externally-sourced process technologies. We have the broadest portfolio of GaAs and GaN fabrication processes in the RF industry, which allows us to address market needs ranging in frequency from sub-gigahertz through 100 gigahertz, with THB-compliant products and advanced low-cost packaging concepts. Additionally, we offer high-performance SoC design, firmware and application software, and we have advanced internal design expertise across outsourced process technologies including silicon germanium (“SiGe”), indium phosphide (“InP”), CMOS and silicon-on-insulator (“SOI”).

We continue to invest in expanding our R&D and hiring the best and brightest talent. These strategies enable us to serve an array of growing markets with a diversified product portfolio within the communications and defense industries.

Partnering with our customers
We are committed to establishing close relationships with the leading customers in the industries we serve to drive our business and growth. We enjoy long-standing, deep institutional relationships with the leading smartphone and tablet manufacturers, network and consumer premises equipment manufacturers and reference design partners. These best-in-class customers and partners collectively have built and are expanding and developing the world's 4G, 5G and other broadband communications networks. We emphasize developing intimate technical engagements with our key customers to align our research and development (“R&D”) efforts with their long-term product development roadmaps. In doing so, we focus on overall systems level requirements and solutions that address the increasing complexity of mobile devices and networks and the demands of carriers. These qualities have collectively made us a provider of choice for mobile products and advanced network infrastructure RF systems. 

Similarly, our defense and aerospace customers include the leading tier one defense subcontractors to the U.S. government. We are also a Microelectronics Trusted Source accredited by the U.S. DoD for foundry, post-processing, packaging, assembly and test services and in 2014, we were recognized by the DoD as the first GaN supplier to achieve Manufacturing Readiness Level (“MRL”) 9 based on passing criteria that assesses readiness for full scale production of GaN devices.

We deliver trusted applications support and dedicated service to our customers. We also offer a variety of packaging, assembly and test options to meet our customers' performance needs and our global sales and distribution teams offer local support to help ensure on-going customer satisfaction.

New product development
We develop and launch hundreds of new products each year to expand our presence in existing and new markets and diversify our revenue base. We have systemized our product development process to streamline product development cycle times and our business units focus their efforts on the development and release of market-leading new products.

In addition to partnering with our customers, we have established and maintain close working relationships with other industry leaders in our target markets, including university faculty, industry bodies, channel partners and other thought leaders. We also have existing connections, and seek to establish new, strategic investments and other

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relationships, with emerging companies that provide access to new technologies, products and markets. These relationships are critical to providing us with insights into future customer requirements and industry trends, which facilitate the timely development of new products to meet the changing needs of the marketplace.

Our management and board of directors regularly consider our strategic options in light of our company-specific conditions and industry conditions and trends, including whether acquisitions, dispositions or other potential transactions offer meaningful opportunities to enhance stockholder value. This includes opportunities to expand the breadth and depth of our product offerings and to diversify our overall business through the acquisition of product lines, business units and companies, both large and small.

Markets, Products and Applications

We offer a broad array of amplification, filtering and switching products for RF, microwave and millimeter-wave applications. We utilize specialized substrate materials and high-performance process technologies such as GaAs, GaN, SOI, pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistors (“pHEMT”), BAW and SiGe. We believe many of our products offer key advantages relative to competing devices, including steeper selectivity, improved linearity, lower distortion, higher output power and power-added efficiency, as well as reduced size and weight, and more precise frequency control. Our broad range of standard and customer-specific integrated circuits (“ICs”), components and modules, in addition to SAW, TC-SAW and BAW duplexers and filters, combined with our manufacturing and design capabilities, allow customers to select the specific product solution that best fulfills their technical and time-to-market requirements.

We focus on four broader end markets: mobile products; high speed network connectivity; defense; and the IoT.

Mobile Products
The demand for RF solutions in mobile products is accelerating with the increasing demand for enhanced voice and data communication capabilities. Consumers want mobile devices to provide signal quality similar to wired communication systems, to be smaller and lighter, to dissipate less heat, to accommodate longer talk and standby time and to feature energy-consuming functionality such as larger screens, streaming media, digital cameras, video recorders, global positioning systems (“GPS”), Bluetooth ® connectivity and internet access. The most significant trend today in the mobile devices market is the proliferation of 4G LTE devices that work across multiple standards and frequency bands enabling multi-region access and coverage. This is expanding the overall dollar content in an average smartphone by two to five times compared to a traditional voice-only phone.

The associated increase in wireless data traffic creates congestion on network operators’ assigned frequency bands, limiting their network capacity. Because network operators spend billions of dollars on frequency spectrum, this places a premium on smartphones with greater RF functionality to enable increased capacity. Concurrently, new wireless communications standards and new technologies are being deployed to more efficiently utilize the available spectrum. This increases the complexity of smartphones and heightens the performance requirements, especially for filtering, which in turn favors Qorvo’s broad product portfolio and our technology and product leadership strategy.

Qorvo’s comprehensive mobile product portfolio includes our high-performance RF Fusion™ line of integrated RF solutions. RF Fusion™ leverages Qorvo’s RF product portfolio, advanced packaging and process technologies, and deep systems-level expertise to integrate all major transmit and receive RF functionality into highly integrated low-band, mid-band, and high-band placements. We also offer RF Flex™ modules, which leverage our deep systems-level expertise to integrate core cellular transmit and receive functionality into high-performance multiband PA modules and transmit modules. Our RF Flex solutions deliver world-class performance and enable carrier aggregation in the industry’s most flexible, scalable and cost-effective LTE architectures. Other products include filters, duplexers, switches, transmit modules, modules incorporating switches, PAs and duplexers (“S-PADs”), RF power management ICs, diversity receive modules, antenna switch modules, antenna tuning and control solutions, multimode, multi-band PAs, and other advanced products.

Our access to various process technologies, such as GaAs, SiGe, SOI and other silicon variants, SAW, TC-SAW and BAW provides our mobile device designers with flexibility to address our customers’ requirements for low noise, better signal processing in congested bands, greater power efficiency for longer battery life, and low loss switching.

Historically, we have experienced seasonal fluctuations in our sales of mobile products. Our revenue is generally the strongest in the second and third fiscal quarters and weakest in the fourth fiscal quarter of each year.

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High Speed Network Connectivity
We sell products that support the transfer of voice, video and data across wireless and wired infrastructure. The increasing demand for applications, services and the associated high-speed data for smartphones, tablets, computers and TVs is driving a dramatic evolution in the infrastructure that carries this data. This translates to requirements for systems and components with higher frequency, broader bandwidth, greater linearity, lower power consumption and smaller size. To reduce operator complexity and capital investment, systems need to cover multiple bands and modulation standards, without increasing size or cost.

Our products for the high speed networks end market target three main applications:

Transport, which includes wireless and wired broadband networks infrastructure for CATV, fiber-to-the-home, and optical transport networks;

Base Station, which comprises 2G, 3G, 4G LTE, 5G and multi-carrier, multi-standard base stations and small cells; and

Connectivity, such as enterprise and high-end consumer WiFi access points and connected automobile applications such as LTE, satellite radio and infotainment.

We offer a broad range of products for these applications, including low-noise, variable-gain, driver and power amplifiers, single and dual band wireless local area network ("WLAN") modules, digital and analog attenuators, voltage-controlled oscillators (“VCO”s), switches, SAW filters, BAW filters, and multi-chip modules that integrate multiple functions.

We use our unique GaAs, GaN, SAW and BAW processes combined with innovative design and packaging to differentiate our products. For example, in base station applications, our GaAs HBT amplifiers offer differentiated low noise performance, while our GaN amplifiers offer high linearity and efficiency with high output power and low power consumption. In optical transport networks infrastructure, our modulator drivers provide a wide output voltage swing, low jitter and high fidelity electrical “eye” performance for 40 and 100 gigabits per second networks.

We utilize our process and assembly technologies to achieve superior performance and integrate RF functionality at both the integrated circuit and multi-chip module levels. The range of process technologies we can draw upon spans from 100 megahertz to 100 gigahertz, low noise to high power. As an example, our high-voltage HBT and GaN processes provide two options for addressing very high power, high efficiency and high linearity applications. Our multi-chip modules utilize our high-volume assembly capabilities used in the manufacturing of our products for the mobile devices end market to achieve low cost and high quality for infrastructure applications.

We sell amplifier and RF filtering products for a number of applications that enable wireless connectivity, including WiFi used in consumer premises equipment and enterprise wireless access points and automotive satellite radio, LTE and infotainment applications.

Defense and Aerospace
Our largest customers in the defense and aerospace end markets are military contractors serving the U.S. government. These prime contractors and subcontractors use our die-level integrated circuits and discrete components, MMICs and multi-chip modules for radar, electronic warfare and communications systems. These programs include major shipboard, airborne and battlefield radar systems as well as communications and electronic warfare applications. Our products are used in large-scale programs with long lead-times. Once a component has been designed into an end-use product for a military application, the same component is generally used during the entire production life of the end-use product.

Our products utilized in radars are bringing new capabilities to detect and neutralize threats against aircrews, shipboard and infantry defense forces around the globe. We are actively engaged with existing customers while seeking greater emerging application opportunities. For example, our legacy of phased array radar experience with domestic airborne fighter platforms has led to ongoing work in the multi-national next generation platforms. In addition, we expect our products to be used in retrofits that upgrade the radars and other systems for the existing domestic fleet of fighter aircraft.

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The capability to track multiple targets simultaneously is one of the key enhancements found in the new generation of fighter jets. We are teamed with contractors in new programs to bring this type of capability to our defense customers, and we also are engaged in retrofits of other tactical fighter jet programs. Our microwave PAs provide the capability to transmit the power that is at the heart of phased array radar operation. These radars consist of large element arrays composed of many individual integrated circuits. In addition to supplying components for airborne and ground-based phased array radars, we are engaged with prime defense contractors in the continuing development and production of radars for shipboard applications. In the military communications field, we supply filters, amplifiers and other components for hand-held and satellite communications systems. In addition, we use our packaging and integrated assembly expertise to speed designs, facilitate multi-chip package evolution and deliver cost-effective solutions for all types of customer needs.

Our DoD accreditation as a Microelectronics Trusted Source is an assurance that our processes and procedures meet stringent quality and security controls, which can permit increased levels of high security/classified application specific integrated circuit foundry services. Through accreditation, we join a small group of GaAs suppliers certified by the DoD as able to fabricate and deliver devices for applications using standards approved and monitored by the Defense Microelectronics Activity. We have also been certified by the DoD as having Manufacturing Readiness Level 9 for our GaN fabrication capabilities, which certifies us as having the necessary systems and demonstrated capabilities in place for rate production.

We are also directly engaged with the U.S. government, primarily through contracts with the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Air Force Research Laboratory, and the Office of Naval Research to develop the next generation of RF components in GaN and GaAs. GaN high electron mobility transistor devices provide the higher power density and efficiency required for future high-power phased array radar, electronic warfare, missile seekers and communications systems. Through these programs and other ongoing efforts, we continue to enhance the reliability and manufacturability of our GaN processes.

Revenue from the sales of our products in the defense and aerospace end market can fluctuate significantly from year to year due to the timing of programs.

Internet of Things (IoT)
We sell products that support the rapid explosion of connected devices under the umbrella of the IoT. These products include amplifier and RF filtering products for automotive applications, including automotive infotainment, satellite radios, radar and telematics, and various industrial applications, including smart energy/advanced metering infrastructure (“AMI”) systems. The most basic AMI systems provide a way for a utility company to measure customer usage remotely without touching or physically reading a meter.

In addition, through the acquisition of GreenPeak Technologies in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we offer CMOS SoC solutions for smart home and remote control applications. These solutions include embedded firmware as well as customer support for development of application software to facilitate integration of our SoCs into customer designs.

The markets for applications that fall under IoT are just beginning to emerge. We expect that the mobile phone, which has proliferated throughout the world in the last decade, will be one of many nodes that provide users with the ability to sense, control, view, communicate with and access networks across a very wide range of applications and platforms, some of which are not fully envisioned today.

Manufacturing

We have a global supply chain and routinely ship millions of units per day. Our products have varying degrees of complexity and rely on semiconductors and other components that are manufactured in-house or outsourced. The majority of our products are multi-chip modules utilizing multiple semiconductor process technologies. We are a leading supplier of RF solutions and a leading manufacturer of GaAs HBT, GaAs pHEMT, GaN, SAW, TC-SAW and BAW for RF applications.

We operate wafer fabrication facilities for the production of GaAs, GaN, SAW, TC-SAW and BAW wafers in Greensboro, North Carolina; Hillsboro, Oregon; Richardson, Texas; and Apopka, Florida. In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we acquired an additional wafer fabrication facility in Farmers Branch, Texas, which we currently plan

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to use to expand our BAW filter capacity. We also use multiple silicon-based process technologies, including SOI, SiGe and CMOS, in our products. We outsource all silicon manufacturing to leading silicon foundries located throughout the world.

We have our own flip chip and WLP technologies and also use external suppliers for these and other packaging technologies. In packages that employ flip chips, the electrical connections are created directly on the surface of the die, which eliminates wirebonds so that the die may be attached directly to a substrate or leadframe. This type of technology provides a higher density interconnection capability than wirebonded die and enables smaller form factors with improved thermal and electrical performance. We also use wafer-level packaging (“WLP”) technologies for our SAW, TC-SAW and BAW filter products.

Once the semiconductor manufacturing is complete, the wafers are singulated, or separated, into individual units called die. For our module products, the next step in our manufacturing process is assembly. During assembly, the die and other necessary components are placed on a high density interconnect substrate to provide connectivity between the die and the components. This populated substrate is formed into a microelectronic package. Once assembled, the products are tested for RF performance and prepared for shipment through a tape and reel process. To assemble and test our products, we primarily use internal assembly facilities in the United States, China, Costa Rica and Germany, and we also utilize several external suppliers. We also manufacture large volumes of WLP die and discrete filters that our customers directly assemble into their products.

The fabrication of ICs and filter products is highly complex and sensitive to particles and other contaminants, and requires production in a highly controlled, clean environment. Minute impurities, difficulties in the fabrication process or defects in the masks used to transfer circuits onto the wafers can cause a substantial percentage of the wafers to be rejected or numerous die on each wafer to be nonfunctional. The more brittle nature of GaAs wafers can also lead to more wafer breakages than experienced with silicon wafers.

To maximize wafer yield and quality, we test our products in various stages in the fabrication process, maintain continuous reliability monitoring and conduct numerous quality control inspections throughout the entire production flow. Our manufacturing yields vary significantly among our products, depending upon a given product’s complexity and our manufacturing experience.

We incur a high level of fixed costs to operate our own manufacturing facilities. These fixed costs consist primarily of facility occupancy costs, repair, maintenance and depreciation costs related to manufacturing equipment and fixed labor costs related to manufacturing and process engineering.

Our quality management system is registered to ISO 9001 standards, and our environmental management system is registered to ISO 14001. A third-party independent auditor has determined that these systems meet the requirements developed by the International Organization of Standardization, a non-governmental network of the national standards institutes of over 160 countries. The ISO 9001 standard is based on a number of quality management principles including a strong customer focus, the motivation and implication of top management, the process approach and continual improvement. ISO 14001 is an internationally agreed upon standard that sets out the requirements for an environmental management system. It improves our environmental performance through more efficient use of resources and reduction of waste, gaining a competitive advantage and the trust of stakeholders. We require that all of our key vendors and suppliers are compliant with applicable ISO 9001 or TS-16949 standards, which means that their operations have in each case been determined by auditors to comply with internationally developed quality control standards.

Our manufacturing facilities in Greensboro, North Carolina; Hillsboro, Oregon; Richardson, Texas; and Apopka, Florida are certified to ISO/TS 16949 standards, which is the highest international quality standard for the automotive industry and incorporates ISO technical specifications that are more stringent than ISO 9001 quality management systems requirements. The ISO/TS 16949 standard combines North American and European automotive requirements and serves the global automotive market.

Raw Materials

We purchase numerous raw materials, passive components and substrates for our products and manufacturing processes. We use independent foundries to supply all of our silicon-based integrated circuits. High demand for

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SOI wafers to support manufacture of our switch products has led to supply constraints in the past, which we have addressed by qualifying new silicon foundries and securing supply commitments from existing silicon suppliers.

For our acoustic filter manufacturing operations, we use several raw materials, including wafers made from quartz, silicon, lithium niobate (“LiNbO 3 ”) or lithium tantalite (“LiTaO 3 ”), as well as ceramic or metal packages. Relatively few companies produce these raw materials. We are leading the industry in developing SAW filters using six-inch LiNbO 3 wafers, and we have qualified more than one source for this wafer material. For all of our SAW operations, we utilize multiple qualified wafer and mask set vendors. Our most significant suppliers of ceramic surface mount packages are based in Japan.

Our manufacturing strategy includes a balance of internal and external sites (primarily for assembly operations), which helps reduce costs, provides flexibility of supply, and minimizes the risk of supply disruption. We routinely qualify multiple sources of supply and manufacturing sites to reduce the risk of supply interruptions or price increases and closely monitor suppliers’ key performance indicators. Our suppliers' and our manufacturing sites are geographically diversified (with our largest volume sources distributed throughout Southern and Eastern Asia), and we believe we have adequate sources for the supply of raw materials, passive components and substrates for our products and manufacturing needs.

Customers

We design, develop, manufacture and market our products to leading U.S. and international OEMs and ODMs. We are also engaged with leading baseband reference design partners located primarily in the U.S. and China.

Some of our MP customers use multiple contract manufacturers for product assembly and test. Therefore, revenue for one customer may not necessarily represent the entire business of a single mobile products manufacturer. We provided our products to our largest end customer through sales to multiple contract manufacturers, which in the aggregate accounted for approximately 37% , 32% and 20% of total revenue in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., accounted for 12% , 7% and 4% of our total revenue in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Samsung Electronics, Co., Ltd., accounted for approximately 7% , 14% and 25% of our total revenue in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The majority of the revenue from these customers was from our mobile product sales. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue in any of the last three fiscal years.

Some of our sales to overseas customers are made under export licenses that must be obtained from the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Information about revenue (including segment revenue), operating profit or loss and total assets is presented in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this report.

Sales and Marketing

We sell our products worldwide directly to customers as well as through a network of domestic and foreign sales representative firms and distributors. We select our domestic and foreign sales representatives based on technical skills and sales experience, as well as the presence of complementary product lines and the customer base served. We provide ongoing training to our internal, as well as our external, sales representatives and distributors to keep them informed of, and educated about, our products. We maintain an internal sales and marketing organization that is responsible for key account management, application engineering support to customers, developing sales and advertising literature, and preparing technical presentations for industry conferences. We have sales and customer support centers located throughout the world.

We maintain an extensive web-site containing product information and publish a comprehensive product selection guide annually. Our global team of application engineers interacts with customers during all stages of design and production, provides customers with product application notes and engineering data, maintains regular contact with customer engineers, and assists in the resolution of technical problems. We believe that maintaining a close relationship with customers and platform providers and providing them with strong technical support enhances their level of satisfaction and enables us to anticipate their future product needs.


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Research and Development

Our R&D activities enable the technologies and products necessary to maintain our leadership in the end markets we serve. Our R&D activities are focused on improving the performance, size and cost of our products in our customers’ systems. We focus on both continuous improvement in our processes for design and manufacture as well as innovation in fundamental research areas such as materials, simulation and modeling, circuit design, device packaging and test. We maintain an extensive patent portfolio and also protect much of our intellectual property in the form of trade secrets.

We have developed several generations of GaAs, GaN, BAW and SAW process technologies that we manufacture internally. We invest in these technologies to improve device performance, reduce die size and reduce manufacturing costs. We also develop and qualify technologies made available to us from key suppliers, including SOI for switches and RF signal conditioning solutions, SiGe and InP for amplifiers and CMOS for power management devices and SoC solutions. We combine these external technologies with our own proprietary design methods, intellectual property and other expertise to improve performance, increase integration and reduce the size and cost of our products.

Our RF systems-level expertise and our innovations in new product architectures, new circuit techniques, filtering and other new proprietary technologies are enabling us to solve the increasingly complex RF challenges related to linearity, power consumption and other critical performance metrics. This is evident in our line of high-performance RF Fusion™ and versatile RF Flex™ integrated modules.

Qorvo is a pioneer in envelope tracking (“ET”) technology for wireless applications, and we are incorporating our ET technology into power management components and our most advanced PAs. Our ET technology enables us to track the envelope of high-speed modulation signals and adjust the PA in real time to maximize efficiency and maintain required levels of linearity. This technology is increasingly necessary to maximize mobile device data rates and meet user expectations for battery life and maximum case temperatures. Because our customers often use a variety of baseband and power management chipsets, we also develop PAs that demonstrate industry-leading performance with third-party power management components.

We continue to develop and release new GaN-based products and invest in new GaN process technologies to exploit GaN's performance advantages across existing and new product categories. The inherent wide band gap, high electron mobility, and high breakdown voltage characteristics of GaN semiconductor devices offer significant performance advantages versus competing technologies. We are also developing other advanced GaN process technologies that target applications where we anticipate GaN devices will provide a disruptive performance advantage and deliver meaningful energy savings in end-market products.

In the area of packaging technologies, we are developing and qualifying packaging technologies that allow us to improve performance and reduce the area and height of our products. We are continuing to invest in packaging technologies such as WLP and flip chip bumping that eliminate wire bonds, reduce the size and component height, and improve performance, while reducing the cost of packaging our products. In addition, we are investing in large scale module assembly and test capabilities to bring these technologies to market in very high volumes.

In fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, we incurred approximately $448.8 million , $257.5 million and $197.3 million , respectively, in R&D expenses. We expect to continue to spend substantial funds on R&D in support of our growth and product diversification goals.

Competition

We operate in a very competitive industry characterized by rapid advances in technology and new product introductions. Our customers' product life cycles are short, and our competitiveness depends on our ability to improve our products and processes faster than our competitors, anticipate changing customer requirements and successfully develop and launch new products while reducing our costs. Our competitiveness is also affected by the quality of our customer service and technical support and our ability to design customized products that address each customer's particular requirements within the customer's cost limitations. The selection process for our products to be included in our customers' new products is highly competitive, and our customers provide no guarantees that our products will be included in the next generation of products introduced.


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We compete primarily with the following companies: Analog Devices, Inc.; Broadcom Limited; M/A-COM Technology Solutions, Inc.; Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.; Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.; Raytheon Company; Skyworks Solutions, Inc.; and Sumitomo Electric Device Innovations.

Many of our current and potential competitors have entrenched market positions and customer relationships, established patents and other intellectual property and substantial technological capabilities. In some cases, our competitors are also our customers or suppliers. Additionally, many of our competitors may have significantly greater financial, technical, manufacturing and marketing resources than we do, which may allow them to implement new technologies and develop new products more quickly than we can.

Intellectual Property

We believe our intellectual property, including patents, copyrights, trademarks, maskworks and trade secrets, is important to our business, and we actively seek opportunities to leverage our intellectual property portfolio to promote our business interests. We also actively seek to monitor and protect our global intellectual property rights and to deter unauthorized use of our intellectual property and other assets.  Such efforts can be difficult because of the absence of consistent international standards and laws. Moreover, we respect the intellectual property rights of others and have implemented policies and procedures to mitigate the risk of infringing or misappropriating third party intellectual property.

Patent applications are filed within the U.S. and in other countries where we have a market presence. On occasion, some applications do not mature into patents for various reasons, including rejections based on prior art. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as U.S. laws. We have more than 1,100 patents that expire from 2016 to 2036.  We also continue to acquire patents through acquisitions or direct prosecution efforts and engage in licensing transactions to secure the right to practice third parties’ patents. In view of our rapid innovation and product development and the comparative pace of governments’ patenting processes, there is no guarantee that our products will not be obsolete before the related patents expire or are granted.  However, we believe the duration and scope of our most relevant patents are sufficient to support our business, which as a whole is not significantly dependent on any particular patent or other intellectual property right.  As we expand our products and offerings, we also seek to expand our patent prosecution efforts to cover such products.   

We periodically register federal trademarks, service marks and trade names that distinguish our product brand names in the market. We also monitor these marks for their proper and intended use. Additionally, we rely on non-disclosure and confidentiality agreements to protect our interest in confidential and proprietary information that give us a competitive advantage, including business strategies, unpatented inventions, designs and process technology. Such information is closely monitored and made available only to those employees whose responsibilities require access to the information.

Backlog

Our sales are the result of standard purchase orders or specific agreements with customers. We maintain Qorvo-owned finished goods inventory at certain customers’ “hub” locations and do not recognize revenue until our customers draw down the inventory at these hubs. Our customers’ projections of consumption of hub inventory and quantities on purchase orders, as well as the shipment schedules, are frequently revised within agreed-upon lead times to reflect changes in the customers’ needs. Because industry practice allows customers to cancel orders with limited advance notice prior to shipment, and with little or no penalty, we believe that backlog as of any particular date may not be a reliable indicator of our future revenue levels.

Employees

On April 2, 2016 , we had more than 7,300 employees. We believe that our future prospects will depend, in part, on our ability to continue to attract and retain skilled employees. Competition for skilled personnel is intense, and the number of persons with relevant experience, particularly in RF engineering, product design and technical marketing, is limited. None of our U.S. employees are represented by a labor union. A number of our Europe-based employees (less than 5% of our global workforce as of April 2, 2016) are subject to collective bargaining-type works council arrangements. We have never experienced any work stoppage, and we believe that our current employee relations are good.

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Geographic Financial Summary

A summary of our operations by geographic area is as follows (in thousands):
 
Fiscal Year
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Sales:
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
306,328

 
$
315,775

 
$
342,805

International
2,304,398

 
1,395,191

 
805,426

 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-lived tangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
816,882

 
$
697,305

 
$
120,885

International
230,006

 
186,066

 
75,111


Sales for geographic disclosure purposes are based on the “sold to” address of the customer. The “sold to” address is not always an accurate representation of the location of final consumption of our products. Of our total revenue for fiscal 2016 , approximately 61% ( $1,601.0 million ) was attributable to customers in China and approximately 14% ( $365.1 million ) was attributable to customers in Taiwan.

Long-lived tangible assets primarily include property and equipment. At April 2, 2016 , approximately $183.8 million (or 18% ) of our total property and equipment was located in China.

For financial information regarding our operations by geographic area, see Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

For a summary of certain risks associated with our foreign operations, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
 
Environmental Matters

By virtue of operating our wafer fabrication facilities, we are subject to a variety of extensive and changing domestic and international federal, state and local governmental laws, regulations and ordinances related to the use, storage, discharge and disposal of toxic, volatile or otherwise hazardous chemicals used in the manufacturing process. We provide our own manufacturing waste water treatment and disposal for most of our manufacturing facilities and we have contracted for the disposal of hazardous waste. State agencies require us to report usage of environmentally hazardous materials, and we have retained appropriate personnel to help ensure compliance with all applicable environmental regulations. We believe that costs arising from existing environmental laws will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

We are an ISO 14001:2004 certified manufacturer with a comprehensive Environmental Management System (“EMS”) in place in order to help ensure control of the environmental aspects of the manufacturing process. Our EMS mandates compliance and establishes appropriate checks and balances to minimize the potential for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations.

We actively monitor the hazardous materials that are used in the manufacture, assembly and testing of our products, particularly materials that are retained in the final product. We have developed specific restrictions on the content of certain hazardous materials in our products, as well as those of our suppliers and outsourced manufacturers and subcontractors. This helps to ensure that our products are compliant with the requirements of the markets into which the products will be sold. For example, our products are compliant with the European Union RoHS Directive (2011/65/EU on the Restriction of Use of Hazardous Substances), which prohibits the sale in the European Union market of new electrical and electronic equipment containing certain families of substances above a specified threshold.

We do not currently anticipate any material capital expenditures for environmental control facilities for fiscal 2017 or fiscal 2018.


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Access to Public Information

We make available, free of charge through our website (http://www.qorvo.com), our annual and quarterly reports on Forms 10-K and 10-Q (including related filings in XBRL format) and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file these reports with, or furnish them to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The public may also request a copy of our forms filed with the SEC, without charge upon written request, directed to:

Investor Relations Department
Qorvo, Inc. 7628 Thorndike Road Greensboro, NC 27409-9421

The information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We have included our website address as a factual reference and do not intend it as an active link to our website.

In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov. You may also read and copy any documents that we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580, Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for information on the operation of the Public Reference Room.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

Our operating results fluctuate.

Our revenue, earnings, margins and other operating results have fluctuated significantly in the past and may fluctuate significantly in the future. If demand for our products fluctuates as a result of economic conditions or for other reasons, our revenue and profitability could be impacted. Our future operating results will depend on many factors, including the following:

changes in business and macroeconomic conditions, including downturns in the semiconductor industry and the overall global economy and changes in credit markets;

changes in consumer confidence caused by many factors, including changes in interest rates, credit markets, expectations for inflation, unemployment levels, and energy or other commodity prices;

fluctuations in demand for our customers’ products;

our ability to predict market requirements and evolving industry standards accurately and in a timely manner;

our ability to predict customer demand accurately to limit obsolete inventory, which would reduce our margins;

the ability of third-party foundries and other third-party suppliers to manufacture, assemble and test our products in a timely and cost-effective manner;

our customers’ and distributors’ ability to manage the inventory that they hold and to forecast accurately their demand for our products;

our ability to achieve cost savings and improve yields and margins on our new and existing products;

our ability to respond to downward pressure on the average selling prices of our products; and

our ability to utilize our capacity efficiently or acquire additional capacity in response to customer demand.


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It is likely that our future operating results could be adversely affected by one or more of the factors set forth above or other similar factors. If our future operating results are below the expectations of stock market analysts or our investors, our stock price may decline.

Our operating results are substantially dependent on development of new products and achieving design wins.

The average selling prices of our products have historically decreased over the products' lives and we expect this to continue. To offset these average selling price decreases, we must achieve yield improvements and other cost reductions for existing products, and introduce new products that can be manufactured at lower costs or that command higher prices based on superior performance. Our future success is dependent on our ability to develop and introduce new products in a timely and cost-effective manner and secure production orders from our customers. The development of new products is a highly complex process, and we have experienced delays in completing the development and introduction of new products at times in the past. Our successful product development depends on a number of factors, including the following:

our ability to predict market requirements and define and design new products that address those requirements;

our ability to design products that meet our customers’ cost, size and performance requirements;

acceptance of our new product designs;

the availability of qualified product designers;

our timely completion of product designs and ramp up of new products according to our customers’ needs with acceptable manufacturing yields; and

market acceptance of our customers' products and the duration of the life cycle of such products.

We may not be able to design and introduce new products in a timely or cost-efficient manner, and our new products may fail to meet the requirements of the market or our customers. In that case, we likely will not reach the expected level of production orders, which could adversely affect our operating results. Even when a design win is achieved, our success is not assured. Design wins may require significant expenditures by us and typically precede volume revenue by six to nine months or more. Many customers seek a second source for all major components in their devices, which can significantly impact the revenue obtained from a design win. The actual value of a design win to us will ultimately depend on the commercial success of our customer’s product.

We depend on a few large customers for a substantial portion of our revenue.

A substantial portion of our MP revenue comes from large purchases by a small number of customers. Our future operating results depend on both the success of our largest customers and on our success in diversifying our products and customer base.

We typically manufacture custom products on an exclusive basis for individual customers for a negotiated period of time. Increasingly, the largest cellular handset OEMs are releasing fewer new phone models on an annual basis, which heightens the importance of achieving design wins for these larger opportunities. While the rewards for a design win are financially greater, competition for these projects is intense. The concentration of our revenue with a relatively small number of customers makes us particularly dependent on factors affecting those customers. For example, if demand for their products decreases, they may stop purchasing our products and our operating results would suffer. Most of our customers can cease incorporating our products into their products with little notice to us and with little or no penalty. The loss of a large customer and failure to add new customers to replace lost revenue would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.


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We face risks of a loss of revenue if contracts with the U.S. government or defense and aerospace contractors are canceled or delayed.

We receive a portion of our revenue from the U.S. government and from prime contractors on U.S. government-sponsored programs, principally for defense and aerospace applications. These programs are subject to delays or cancellation. Further, spending on defense and aerospace contracts can vary significantly depending on funding from the U.S. government. We believe our government and defense and aerospace contracts in the recent past have been negatively affected by external factors such as sequestration and political pressure to reduce federal defense spending. Reductions in defense and aerospace funding or the loss of a significant defense and aerospace program or contract would have a material adverse effect on our operating results.

We depend heavily on third parties.

We purchase numerous component parts, substrates and silicon-based products from external suppliers. We also utilize third-party suppliers for numerous services, including die processing, wafer bumping, test and tape and reel. The use of external suppliers involves a number of risks, including the possibility of material disruptions in the supply of key components and the lack of control over delivery schedules, capacity constraints, manufacturing yields, product quality and fabrication costs.

We currently use several external manufacturing suppliers to supplement our internal manufacturing capabilities. We believe all of our key vendors and suppliers are compliant with applicable ISO 9001 and/or TS-16949 standards. However, if these vendors' processes vary in reliability or quality, they could negatively affect our products, our reputation and our results of operations.

We face risks associated with the operation of our manufacturing facilities.

We operate wafer fabrication facilities in Florida, North Carolina, Oregon and Texas. We currently use several international and domestic assembly suppliers, as well as internal assembly facilities in the U.S., China, Costa Rica, the Philippines and Germany to assemble and test our products. We currently have our own test and tape and reel facilities located in the U.S., China, Costa Rica and the Philippines, and we also utilize contract suppliers and partners in Asia to test our products.

A number of factors will affect the future success of our facilities, including the following:

demand for our products;

our ability to adjust production capacity in a timely fashion in response to changes in demand for our products;

our ability to generate revenue in amounts that cover the significant fixed costs of operating the facilities;

our ability to qualify our facilities for new products and new technologies in a timely manner;

the availability of raw materials and the impact of the volatility of commodity pricing on raw materials, including GaAs substrates, gold and high purity source materials such as gallium, aluminum, arsenic, indium, silicon, phosphorous and beryllium;

our manufacturing cycle times;

our manufacturing yields;

the political and economic risks associated with our manufacturing operations in China, Costa Rica, the Philippines and Germany;

potential violations by our i nternational employees or third-party agents of international or U.S. laws relevant to foreign operations;


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our reliance on our internal facilities;

our ability to hire, train and manage qualified production personnel;

our compliance with applicable environmental and other laws and regulations, including social responsibilities and conflict minerals requirements;

our ability to avoid prolonged periods of down-time in our facilities for any reason; and

the occurrence of natural disasters anywhere in the world, which could directly or indirectly affect our facilities, subcontractor operations, and supply chain.

Business disruptions could harm our business, lead to a decline in revenues and increase our costs.

Our worldwide operations could be disrupted by telecommunications failures, power or water shortages, tsunamis, floods, hurricanes, typhoons, fires, extreme weather conditions, climate change, medical epidemics or pandemics and other public health issues, military actions, acts of terrorism, political or regulatory issues and other natural or man-made disasters or catastrophic events. We carry commercial property damage and business interruption insurance against various risks, with limits we deem adequate for reimbursement for damage to our fixed assets and resulting disruption of our operations. However, the occurrence of any of these business disruptions could harm our business and result in significant losses, a decline in revenue and increase our costs and expenses. Any disruptions from these events could require substantial expenditures and recovery time in order to fully resume operations and have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial results to the extent that losses exceed insurance recoveries and to the extent that such disruptions might adversely impact our relationships with our customers.

If we experience poor manufacturing yields, our operating results may suffer.

Our products are very complex. Each product has a unique design and is fabricated using semiconductor process technologies that are highly complex. In many cases, the products are assembled in customized packages. Our products, many of which consist of multiple components in a single package, feature enhanced levels of integration and complexity. Our customers insist that our products be designed to meet their exact specifications for quality, performance and reliability. Our manufacturing yield is a combination of yields across the entire supply chain including wafer fabrication, assembly and test yields. Due to the complexity of our products, we periodically experience difficulties in achieving acceptable yields and other quality issues, particularly with respect to new products.

Our customers test our products once they have been assembled into their products. The number of usable products that result from our production process can fluctuate as a result of many factors, including the following:

design errors;

defects in photomasks (which are used to print circuits on a wafer);

minute impurities in materials used;

contamination of the manufacturing environment;

equipment failure or variations in the manufacturing processes;

losses from broken wafers or other human error; and

defects in packaging.

We constantly seek to improve our manufacturing yields. Typically, for a given level of sales, when our yields improve, our gross margins improve, and when our yields decrease, our unit costs are higher, our margins are lower, and our operating results are adversely affected.


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Costs of product defects and deviations from required specifications could include the following:

writing off the value of inventory;

disposing of products that cannot be fixed;

recalling products that have been shipped;

providing product replacements or modifications;

direct and indirect costs incurred by our customers in recalling their products due to defects in our products; and

defending against litigation.

These costs could be significant and could reduce our gross margins. Our reputation with customers also could be damaged as a result of product defects and quality issues, and product demand could be reduced, which could harm our business and financial results.

We are subject to increased inventory risks and costs because we build our products based on forecasts provided by customers before receiving purchase orders for the products.

In order to ensure availability of our products for some of our largest customers, we start manufacturing certain products in advance of receiving purchase orders based on forecasts provided by these customers. However, these forecasts do not represent binding purchase commitments and we do not recognize sales for these products until they are shipped to or consumed by the customer. As a result, we incur significant inventory and manufacturing costs in advance of anticipated sales. Because demand for our products may not materialize, manufacturing based on forecasts subjects us to heightened risks of higher inventory carrying costs, increased obsolescence and higher operating costs. These inventory risks are exacerbated when our customers purchase indirectly through contract manufacturers or hold component inventory levels greater than their consumption rate because this reduces our visibility regarding the customers' accumulated levels of inventory. If product demand decreases or we fail to forecast demand accurately, we could be required to write-off inventory, which would have a negative impact on our gross margin and other operating results.

We sell certain of our products based on reference designs of platform providers, and our inability to effectively manage or maintain our evolving relationships with these companies may have an adverse effect on our business.

Platform providers are typically large companies that provide system reference designs for OEMs and ODMs that include the platform provider's baseband and other complementary products. A platform provider may own or control IP that gives it a strong market position for their baseband products for certain air interface standards, which provides it with significant influence and control over sales of RF products for these standards. Platform providers historically looked to us and our competitors to provide RF products to their customers as part of the overall system design, and we competed with other RF companies to have our products included in the platform provider's system reference design. This market dynamic has evolved in recent years as platform providers have worked to develop more fully integrated solutions that include their own RF technologies and components.

Platform providers may be in a different business from ours or we may be their customer or direct competitor. Accordingly, we must balance our interest in obtaining new business with competitive and other factors. Because platform providers control the overall system reference design, if they offer competitive RF technologies or their own RF solutions as a part of their reference design and exclude our products from the design, we are at a distinct competitive disadvantage with OEMs and ODMs that are seeking a turn-key design solution, even if our products offer superior performance. This requires us to work more closely with OEMs and ODMs to secure the design of our products in their handsets and other devices.

Our relationships with platform providers are complex and evolving, and the inability to effectively manage or maintain these relationships could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.


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We are subject to risks from international sales and operations.

We operate globally with sales offices and R&D activities as well as manufacturing, assembly and testing facilities in multiple countries. As a result, we are subject to regulatory, geopolitical and other risks associated with doing business outside the U.S. Global operations involve inherent risks that include currency controls and fluctuations as well as tariff, import and other related restrictions and regulations.

Sales to customers located outside the U.S. accounted for approximately 88% of our revenue in fiscal 2016 , of which approximately 61% and 14% were attributable to sales to customers located in China and Taiwan, respectively. We expect that revenue from international sales to China and other markets will continue to be a significant part of our total revenue. Any weakness in the Chinese economy could result in a decrease in demand for consumer products that contain our products, which could materially and adversely affect our business.

Because the majority of our foreign sales are denominated in U.S. dollars, our products become less price-competitive in countries with currencies that are low or are declining in value against the U.S. dollar. Also, we cannot be sure that our international customers will continue to accept orders denominated in U.S. dollars.

The majority of our assembly, test and tape and reel vendors are located in Asia. We do the majority of our business with our foreign assemblers in U.S. dollars. Our manufacturing costs could increase in countries with currencies that are increasing in value against the U.S. dollar. Also, we cannot be sure that our international manufacturing suppliers will continue to accept orders denominated in U.S. dollars.

In addition, if terrorist activity, armed conflict, civil or military unrest or political instability occur, such events may disrupt manufacturing, assembly, logistics, security and communications, and could also result in reduced demand for our products. Pandemics and similar major health concerns could also adversely affect our business and our customer order patterns. We could also be affected if labor issues disrupt our transportation or manufacturing arrangements or those of our customers or suppliers. On a worldwide basis, we regularly review our key infrastructure, systems, services and suppliers, both internally and externally, to seek to identify significant vulnerabilities as well as areas of potential business impact if a disruptive event were to occur. Once identified, we assess the risks, and as we consider it to be appropriate, we initiate actions intended to minimize the risks and their potential impact. However, there can be no assurance that we have identified all significant risks or that we can mitigate all identified risks with reasonable effort.

Economic regulation in China could adversely impact our business and results of operations.

We have a significant portion of our assembly and testing capacity in China. In recent years, the Chinese economy has experienced periods of rapid expansion and wide fluctuations in the rate of inflation. In response to these factors, the Chinese government has, from time to time, adopted measures to regulate growth and contain inflation, including measures designed to restrict credit or to control prices. Such actions in the future could increase the cost of doing business in China or decrease the demand for our products in China, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

In May 2015, China’s government implemented a policy applicable to the three Chinese state-owned mobile telecommunications carriers that mandated 4G LTE network improvements and that implemented subsidies for Chinese consumers for both the purchase of 4G LTE mobile devices and for mobile telecom data service fees. If subsidies under this policy are ended or curtailed, our business, results of operations and prospects could be adversely affected.

We operate in a very competitive industry and must continue to implement innovative technologies.

We compete with several companies primarily engaged in the business of designing, manufacturing and selling RF solutions, as well as suppliers of discrete integrated circuits and modules. In addition to our direct competitors, some of our largest customers and leading platform partners also compete with us to some extent by designing and manufacturing their own products. Increased competition from any source could adversely affect our operating results through lower prices for our products, reduced demand for our products, losses of existing design slots with key customers and a corresponding reduction in our ability to recover development, engineering and manufacturing costs.


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Many of our existing and potential competitors have entrenched market positions, historical affiliations with OEMs, considerable internal manufacturing capacity, established IP rights and substantial technological capabilities. Many of our existing and potential competitors may have greater financial, technical, manufacturing or marketing resources than we do. We cannot be sure that we will be able to compete successfully with our competitors.

Our industry's technology changes rapidly.

We primarily design and manufacture high-performance semiconductor components for wireless applications. Our markets are characterized by the frequent introduction of new products in response to evolving product and process technologies and consumer demand for greater functionality, lower costs, smaller products and better performance. As a result, we have experienced and will continue to experience some product design obsolescence. We expect our customers' demands for reductions in cost and improvements in product performance to continue, which means that we must continue to improve our product designs and develop new products that may use new technologies. It is possible that competing technologies will emerge that permit the manufacture of products that are equivalent or acceptable in terms of performance, but lower in cost, to the products we make under existing processes. If we cannot design products using competitive technologies or develop competitive products, our operating results will be adversely affected.

Industry overcapacity could cause us to underutilize our manufacturing facilities and have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.

It is difficult to predict future growth or decline in the demand for our products, which makes it very difficult to estimate requirements for production capacity. In prior fiscal years, we have added significant capacity through acquisitions as well as by expanding capacity at our existing manufacturing facilities, and we are in the process of expanding our BAW, SAW and TC-SAW filter capacity at our existing facilities, including a new facility that we purchased in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.

In the past, capacity additions by us and our competitors sometimes exceeded demand requirements, leading to oversupply situations. Fluctuations in the growth rate of industry capacity relative to the growth rate in demand for our products lead to overcapacity and contribute to cyclicality in the semiconductor market.

As many of our manufacturing costs are fixed, these costs cannot be reduced in proportion to the reduced revenues experienced during periods in which we underutilize our manufacturing facilities as a result of overcapacity. If the demand for our products is not consistent with our expectations, underutilization of our manufacturing facilities may have a material adverse effect on average selling prices, our gross margin and other operating results.

We may not be able to borrow funds under our credit facility or secure future financing.

We maintain a five-year senior credit facility with Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent and a lender, and a syndicate of other lenders (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement includes a $300.0 million revolving credit facility, which includes a $25.0 million sublimit for the issuance of standby letters of credit and a $10.0 million sublimit for swing line loans. We may request, at any time and from time to time, that the revolving credit facility be increased by an amount not to exceed $150.0 million. The revolving credit facility is available to finance working capital, capital expenditures and for other corporate purposes. This facility contains various conditions, covenants and representations with which we must be in compliance in order to borrow funds. We cannot assure that we will be in compliance with these conditions, covenants and representations in the future when we may need to borrow funds under this facility.

We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service all of our debt, including our Senior Notes, and may be forced to take other actions to satisfy our obligations under our debt, which may not be successful.

In November 2015, we issued $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.75% Senior Notes due 2023 and $550.0 million aggregate principal amount of 7.00% Senior Notes due 2025 (collectively, the “Notes”). Our ability to make scheduled payments on or to refinance our debt obligations, including the Notes, and to fund working capital, planned capital expenditures and expansion efforts and any strategic alliances or acquisitions we may make in the future depends on our ability to generate cash in the future and our financial condition and operating performance, which are subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to certain financial, business and other factors beyond our control. We cannot be sure that we will maintain a level of cash flows from operating

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activities sufficient to permit us to pay the principal, premium, if any, and interest on our debt, including the Notes. If our cash flows and capital resources are insufficient to fund our debt service obligations, we may be forced to reduce or delay investments and capital expenditures, or to sell assets, seek additional capital or restructure or refinance our debt, including the Notes. These alternative measures may not be successful and may not permit us to meet our scheduled debt service obligations. If our operating results and available cash are insufficient to meet our debt service obligations, we could face substantial liquidity problems and might be required to dispose of material assets or operations to meet our debt service and other obligations. We may not be able to consummate those dispositions or to obtain the proceeds sought from them, and these proceeds may not be adequate to meet any debt service obligations then due. Additionally, the agreements governing our Credit Agreement and the Indenture governing the Notes limit the use of the proceeds from any disposition; as a result, we may not be allowed under these documents to use proceeds from such dispositions to satisfy our debt service obligations. Further, we may need to refinance all or a portion of our debt on or before maturity, and we cannot be sure that we will be able to refinance any of our debt on commercially reasonable terms or at all.

The agreements and instruments governing our debt impose restrictions that may limit our operating and financial flexibility.

The Credit Agreement governing our revolving credit facility and the Indenture governing the Notes contain a number of significant restrictions and covenants that limit our ability to:

incur additional debt;

pay dividends, make other distributions or repurchase or redeem our capital stock;

prepay, redeem or repurchase certain debt;

make loans and investments;

sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of assets;

incur or permit to exist certain liens;

enter into certain types of transactions with affiliates;

enter into agreements restricting our subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends; and

consolidate, amalgamate, merge or sell all or substantially all of our assets.

These covenants could have the effect of limiting our flexibility in planning for or reacting to changes in our business and the markets in which we compete. In addition, the Credit Agreement requires us to comply with certain financial maintenance covenants. Operating results below current levels or other adverse factors, including a significant increase in interest rates, could result in our being unable to comply with the financial covenants contained in our revolving credit facility. If we violate covenants under the Credit Agreement and are unable to obtain a waiver from our lenders, our debt under our revolving credit facility would be in default and could be accelerated by our lenders. Because of cross-default provisions in the agreements and instruments governing our debt, a default under one agreement or instrument could result in a default under, and the acceleration of, our other debt. If our debt is accelerated, we may not be able to repay our debt or borrow sufficient funds to refinance it. Even if we are able to obtain new financing, it may not be on commercially reasonable terms, on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. If our debt is in default for any reason, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, complying with these covenants may also cause us to take actions that are not favorable to holders of the notes and may make it more difficult for us to successfully execute our business strategy and compete against companies that are not subject to such restrictions.

The price of our common stock may be volatile.

The price of our common stock, which is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, has been and may continue to be volatile and subject to wide fluctuations. In addition, the trading volume of our common stock may fluctuate

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and cause significant price variations to occur. Some of the factors that could cause fluctuations in the stock price or trading volume of our common stock include:

general market and economic conditions, including market conditions in the semiconductor industry;

actual or expected variations in quarterly operating results;

differences between actual operating results and those expected by investors and analysts;

changes in recommendations by securities analysts;

operations and stock performance of competitors;

accounting charges, including charges relating to the impairment of goodwill;

significant acquisitions or strategic alliances by us or by our competitors;

sales of our common stock, including sales by our directors and officers or significant investors;

recruitment or departure of key personnel; and

loss of key customers.

We cannot assure you that the price of our common stock will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future. In addition, the stock market in general can experience considerable price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to our performance.

We may engage in future acquisitions that dilute our stockholders’ ownership and cause us to incur debt and assume contingent liabilities.

As part of our business strategy, we expect to continue to review potential acquisitions that could complement our current product offerings, augment our market coverage or enhance our technical capabilities, or that may otherwise offer growth or margin improvement opportunities. In the event of future acquisitions of businesses, products or technologies, we could issue equity securities that would dilute our current stockholders' ownership, incur substantial debt or other financial obligations or assume contingent liabilities. Such actions could harm our results of operations or the price of our common stock. Acquisitions also entail numerous other risks that could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, including:

unanticipated costs, capital expenditures or working capital requirements;

acquisition-related charges and amortization of acquired technology and other intangibles;

diversion of management's attention from our business;

injury to existing business relationships with suppliers and customers;

failure to successfully integrate acquired businesses, operations, products, technologies and personnel; and

unrealized expected synergies.

In order to compete, we must attract, retain, and motivate key employees, and our failure to do so could harm our business and our results of operations.

In order to compete effectively, we must:

hire and retain qualified employees;

continue to develop leaders for key business units and functions;

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expand our presence in international locations and adapt to cultural norms of foreign locations; and

train and motivate our employee base.

Our future operating results and success depend on keeping key technical personnel and management and expanding our sales and marketing, R&D and administrative support. We do not have employment agreements with the vast majority of our employees. We must also continue to attract qualified personnel. The competition for qualified personnel is intense, and the number of people with experience, particularly in RF engineering, integrated circuits and filter design, and technical marketing and support, is limited. We cannot be sure that we will be able to attract and retain skilled personnel in the future.

We rely on our intellectual property portfolio and may not be able to successfully protect against the use of our intellectual property by third parties.

We rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, trade secret laws, confidentiality procedures and licensing arrangements to protect our intellectual property rights. We cannot be certain that patents will be issued from any of our pending applications or that patents will be issued in all countries where our products can be sold. Further, we cannot be certain that any claims allowed from pending applications will be of sufficient scope or strength to provide meaningful protection against our competitors. Our competitors may also be able to design around our patents.

The laws of some countries in which our products are developed, manufactured or sold may not protect our products or intellectual property rights to the same extent as U.S. laws. This increases the possibility of piracy of our technology and products. Although we intend to vigorously defend our intellectual property rights, we may not be able to prevent misappropriation of our technology. Additionally, our competitors may be able to independently develop non-infringing technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to ours.

We may need to engage in legal actions to enforce or defend our intellectual property rights. Generally, intellectual property litigation is both expensive and unpredictable. Our involvement in intellectual property litigation could have a material, adverse effect on our business. These adverse effects may include injunctions, exclusion orders and royalty payments to third parties.

Security breaches and other similar disruptions could compromise our information and expose us to liability, which would cause our business and reputation to suffer.

We rely on trade secrets, technical know-how and other unpatented proprietary information relating to our product development and manufacturing activities. We try to protect this information by entering into confidentiality agreements with our employees, consultants, strategic partners and other parties. We also restrict access to our proprietary information.

Despite these efforts, internal or external parties may attempt to copy, disclose, obtain or use our proprietary information without our authorization. Additionally, current, departing or former employees or third parties could attempt to improperly use or access our computer systems and networks to misappropriate our proprietary information or otherwise interrupt our business. Like others, we are also potentially subject to significant system or network disruptions, including new system implementations, computer viruses, facility access issues and energy blackouts.

From time to time, we have experienced attacks on our computer systems by unauthorized outside parties; however, we do not believe that such attacks have resulted in any material damage to our customers or us. Because the techniques used by computer hackers and others to access or sabotage networks constantly evolve and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate, counter or ameliorate all of these techniques. As a result, our technologies, processes and customer information may be misappropriated and the impact of any future incident cannot be predicted. Any loss of such information could harm our competitive position, result in a loss of customer confidence in the adequacy of our threat mitigation and detection processes and procedures, or cause us to incur significant costs to remedy the damages caused by the incident. We routinely implement improvements to our network security safeguards and we are devoting increasing resources to the

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security of our information technology systems. We cannot, however, assure that such system improvements will be sufficient to prevent or limit the damage from any future cyber attack or network disruptions.

We also rely on third-party service providers to protect our proprietary information. Third party service providers include foundries, assembly and test contractors, distributors, credit card processors and other vendors that have access to our sensitive data. These providers should have safeguards in place to protect our data. Failure of these parties to properly safeguard our data could also result in security breaches and loss of proprietary information.
The costs related to cyber or other security threats or computer systems disruptions typically would not be fully insured or indemnified by others. Occurrence of any of the events described above could result in loss of competitive advantages derived from our R&D efforts or our IP. Moreover, these events may result in the early obsolescence of our products; adversely affect our internal operations and reputation; or degrade our financial results and stock price.

If wireless devices pose safety risks, we may be subject to product liability litigation and new regulations, and demand for our products and those of our customers may decrease.

Interest groups have requested that the Federal Communications Commission investigate claims that wireless communications technologies pose health concerns and cause interference with airbags, hearing aids and medical devices. Concerns have also been expressed over, and state laws have been enacted to mitigate, the possibility of safety risks due to a lack of attention associated with the use of wireless devices while driving. Legislation that may be adopted in response to these concerns, product liability litigation or other lawsuits or adverse news or findings about health and safety risks could reduce demand for our products and those of our customers. Any product liability litigation could result in significant expense and liability to us and divert the efforts of our technical and management personnel, whether or not the litigation is determined in our favor or covered by insurance. Such findings or litigation may also adversely affect our revenues and results of operations.

We are subject to stringent environmental regulations.

We are subject to a variety of federal, state and local requirements governing the protection of the environment. These environmental regulations include those related to the use, storage, handling, discharge and disposal of toxic or otherwise hazardous materials used in our manufacturing processes. A change in environmental laws or our failure to comply with environmental laws could subject us to substantial liability or force us to significantly change our manufacturing operations. In addition, under some of these laws and regulations, we could be held financially responsible for remedial measures if our properties are contaminated, even if we did not cause the contamination. Growing concerns about climate change, including the impact of global warming, may result in new regulations with respect to greenhouse gas emissions. Our compliance with this legislation may result in additional costs.

Two former production facilities at Scotts Valley and Palo Alto, California from TriQuint's acquisition of WJ Communications, Inc. have significant environmental liabilities for which we have entered into and funded fixed price remediation agreements and obtained cost-overrun and unknown pollution insurance coverage. These arrangements may not be sufficient to cover all liabilities related to these two sites.

Compliance with regulations regarding the use of “conflict minerals” could limit the supply and increase the cost of certain metals used in manufacturing our products.

Regulations in the United States require that we determine whether certain materials used in our products, referred to as conflict minerals, originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or adjoining countries, or were from recycled or scrap sources. The verification and reporting requirements could affect the sourcing and availability of minerals that are used in the manufacture of our products. We have incurred costs and expect to incur additional costs associated with complying with these requirements. Additionally, we may face reputational challenges with our customers and other stakeholders if we are unable to sufficiently verify the origins of all minerals used in our products through the due diligence procedures that we implement. We may also face challenges with government regulators and our customers and suppliers if we are unable to sufficiently verify that the metals used in our products are conflict free.


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Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware may discourage takeovers and business combinations that our stockholders might consider in their best interests.

Certain provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws may have the effect of delaying, deterring, preventing or rendering more difficult a change in control of Qorvo that our stockholders might consider in their best interests. These provisions include:

granting to the board of directors sole power to set the number of directors and fill any vacancy on the board of directors, whether such vacancy occurs as a result of an increase in the number of directors or otherwise;

the ability of the board of directors to designate and issue one or more series of preferred stock without stockholder approval, the terms of which may be determined at the sole discretion of the board of directors;

the inability of stockholders to call special meetings of stockholders;

establishment of advance notice requirements for stockholder proposals and nominations for election to the board of directors at stockholder meetings; and

the inability of stockholders to act by written consent.

In addition, the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware contains provisions that regulate “business combinations” between corporations and interested stockholders who own 15% or more of the corporation’s voting stock, except under certain circumstances. These provisions could also discourage potential acquisition proposals and delay or prevent a change in control.

These provisions may prevent our stockholders from receiving the benefit of any premium to the market price of our common stock offered by a bidder in a takeover context, and may also make it more difficult for a third party to replace directors on our board of directors. Further, the existence of these provisions may adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock if they are viewed as discouraging takeover attempts in the future.

Our operating results could vary as a result of the methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies.

The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies have a significant impact on our results of operations (see " Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates " in Part II, Item 7 of this report). Such methods, estimates and judgments are, by their nature, subject to substantial risks, uncertainties and assumptions, and factors may arise over time that lead us to change our methods, estimates and judgments that could significantly affect our results of operations.

Decisions we make about the scope of our future operations could affect our future financial results.

Changes in the business environment could lead us to decide to change the scope of operations of our business, which could result in restructuring and asset impairment charges. The amount and timing of such charges can be difficult to predict. Factors that contribute to the amount and timing of such charges include:

the timing and execution of plans and programs that are subject to local labor law requirements, including consultation with appropriate work councils;

changes in assumptions related to severance and post-retirement costs;

the timing of future divestitures and the amount and type of proceeds realized from such divestitures; and

changes in the fair value of certain long-lived assets and goodwill.





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Changes in our effective tax rate may impact our results of operations.

We are subject to taxation in the U.S., China, Singapore and numerous other foreign taxing jurisdictions. Our effective tax rate is subject to fluctuations as it is impacted by a number of factors, including the following:

the amount of profit determined to be earned and taxed in each jurisdiction;

the resolution of issues arising from tax audits with various tax authorities;

changes in the valuation of either our gross deferred tax assets or gross deferred tax liabilities;

adjustments to income taxes upon finalization of various tax returns;

increases in expenses not deductible for tax purposes;

changes in available tax credits;

changes in tax laws or the interpretation of such tax laws, and changes in generally accepted accounting principles;

impact of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Base Erosion and Profit Shifting initiative on tax policy and enacted laws; and

a future decision to repatriate non-U.S. earnings for which we have not previously provided for U.S. taxes.

Any significant increase in our future effective tax rates could reduce net income for future periods.

Changes in the favorable tax status of our subsidiaries in Costa Rica and Singapore would have an adverse impact on our operating results.

Our subsidiaries in Costa Rica and Singapore have been granted tax holidays that effectively minimize our tax expense and that are expected to be effective through March 2024 and December 2021, respectively. In their efforts to deal with budget deficits, governments around the world are focusing on increasing tax revenues through increased audits and, potentially, increased tax rates for corporations. As part of this effort, governments continue to review their policies on granting tax holidays. Changes in the status of either tax holiday could have a negative effect on our net income in future years.

Our management has identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting related to accounting for income taxes. If we fail to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results, which could have a material adverse effect on our operations and the trading prices of our securities.

As disclosed in “Item 9A-Controls and Procedures” below, our management identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting related to the effective monitoring and oversight of controls over the completeness, existence, accuracy, valuation and presentation of the income tax provision, including deferred tax assets, valuation allowances, and tax uncertainties. A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
We are actively remediating the identified material weakness. If our remediation efforts are insufficient to address the identified material weakness or if additional material weaknesses in our internal controls are discovered in the future, they may adversely affect our ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information timely and accurately and, as a result, our financial statements may contain material misstatements or omissions, which could result in regulatory scrutiny and otherwise have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or the trading prices of our securities.



28


ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

None.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.

We maintain dual corporate headquarters located in Greensboro, North Carolina and Hillsboro, Oregon. In Greensboro, we have two office buildings (leased), a six-inch wafer production facility (owned), a R&D and prototyping facility (leased) and other leased office space. In Greensboro, we also have a previously idled production facility (leased) that has been reconfigured to perform certain manufacturing operations. In Hillsboro, we have a single facility (owned) that includes office space and a wafer fabrication facility. We also have wafer fabrication facilities in Richardson, Texas (owned), Apopka, Florida (owned) and Bend, Oregon (leased). In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we acquired an additional wafer fabrication facility in Farmers Branch, Texas, which we currently plan to use to expand our BAW filter capacity.

We have assembly and test facilities located in Beijing, China (the building is owned and we hold a land-use right for the land), where we assemble and test modules. During fiscal 2016, we brought a new assembly and test facility in Dezhou, China on-line (the equipment is owned and we lease the land and building) . We operate a filter assembly and test facility in San Jose, Costa Rica (owned). In Broomfield, Colorado (leased), Brooksville, Florida (owned), Richardson, Texas (owned), and the Philippines (leased), we have assembly and test sites for highly customized modules and products, including modules and products that support our aerospace and defense business. We also have a facility capable of supporting a variety of packaging and test technologies in Nuremberg, Germany (leased).

We lease space for our design centers in Chandler, Arizona; Newberry Park, San Jose, Torrance, California; Broomfield, Colorado; Hiawatha, Iowa; Chelmsford, Massachusetts; High Point, North Carolina; Tokyo, Japan; Shanghai, China; Utrecht, The Netherlands; Zele, Belgium; Munich, Germany; Nørresundby, Denmark; and Colomiers, France. In addition, we lease space for sales and customer support centers in Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen, China; Hong Kong; Reading, England; Bangalore, India; Tokyo, Japan; Seoul, South Korea; Singapore; and Taipei, Taiwan.

We believe our properties have been well-maintained, are in sound operating condition and contain all equipment and facilities necessary to operate at present levels. We believe all of our facilities are suitable and adequate for our present purposes. We do not identify or allocate assets by operating segment. For information on net property, plant and equipment by country, see Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

See the information under the heading “Legal Matters” in Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report.
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not Applicable.


PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “QRVO.” The table below shows the high and low sales prices of our common stock from the date of the Business Combination through the end of our fiscal year, as reported by The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC. As of May 13, 2016, there were 799 holders of record of our common stock. This number does not include the beneficial owners of unexchanged stock certificates related to the Business Combination or the additional beneficial owners of our common stock who held their shares in street name as of that date.



Table of Contents

 
High
 
Low
Fiscal Year Ended April 2, 2016
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
88.35

 
$
65.44

Second Quarter
82.25

 
42.24

Third Quarter
60.00

 
42.67

Fourth Quarter
51.95

 
33.30

 
 
 
 
Fiscal Year Ended March 28, 2015
High
 
Low
Fourth Quarter
$
85.63

 
$
63.02


We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock.  Although we currently intend to retain our earnings for use in our business, our future dividend policy with respect to our common stock may change and will depend on our earnings, capital requirements, debt covenants and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors. 

PERFORMANCE GRAPH


30


 
January 2, 2015
March 28, 2015
June 27, 2015
October 3, 2015
January 2, 2016
April 2, 2016
Total Return Index for:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qorvo, Inc.
100.00
112.61
114.22
63.86
72.30
72.19
NASDAQ Composite
100.00
103.33
105.49
97.60
105.86
103.28
S&P 500
100.00
100.95
101.23
94.71
101.38
102.75
NASDAQ Electronic Components
100.00
99.37
94.72
86.12
97.89
97.58

Notes:
A. The index level for all series assumes that $100.00 was invested in our common stock and each index on January 2, 2015, the registration date of our common stock under Rule 12g-3(c) of the Exchange Act.
B.
The lines represent monthly index levels derived from compounded daily returns, assuming reinvestment of all dividends.
C.
The indexes are reweighted daily using the market capitalization on the previous trading day.
D.
If the month end is not a trading day, the preceding trading day is used.
E.
Qorvo, Inc. was added to the S&P 500 Index on June 12, 2015.

Purchases of Equity Securities
Period
 
Total number of shares purchased  (in thousands)
 
Average price paid per share
 
Total number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programs (in thousands)
 
Approximate dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs
January 3, 2016 to January 30, 2016
 

 
$

 

 
$750.0 million
January 31, 2016 to February 27, 2016
 
7,970

 
$
40.78

 
7,970

 
$425.0 million
February 28, 2016 to April 2, 2016
 
2,014

 
$
40.78

 
2,014

 
$250.0 million
Total
 
9,984

 
$
40.78

 
9,984

 
$250.0 million
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

On November 5, 2015, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program to repurchase up to $1.0 billion of our outstanding common stock through November 4, 2016. Under the share repurchase program, share repurchases will be made in accordance with applicable securities laws on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. The extent to which we repurchase our shares, the number of shares and the timing of any repurchases will depend on general market conditions, regulatory requirements, alternative investment opportunities and other considerations. The program does not require us to repurchase a minimum number of shares, and may be modified, suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice. During the third quarter of fiscal 2016, we repurchased approximately 4.6 million shares of our common stock for approximately $250.0 million. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016, we repurchased approximately 10.0 million shares of our common stock for approximately $500.0 million. The amounts for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 reflect shares repurchased pursuant to variable maturity accelerated share repurchase ("ASR") agreements we entered into with Bank of America, N.A. on February 16, 2016 as part of the $1.0 billion share repurchase program described above. At April 2, 2016, approximately $250.0 million remains available for future repurchases under the $1.0 billion authorization (see Note 14 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Part II, Item 8 of this report for a further discussion of our share repurchase program, including our ASR agreements).


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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

The selected financial data set forth below for the fiscal years indicated were derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The information should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” appearing in Item 7 of this report.
 
Fiscal Year End
 
2016
 
2015
(4)  
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
2,610,726

 
$
1,710,966

 
$
1,148,231

 
$
964,147

 
$
871,352

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
1,561,173

 
1,021,658

 
743,304

 
658,332

 
582,586

 
Research and development
448,763

 
257,494

 
197,269

 
178,793

 
151,697

 
Marketing and selling
420,467

 
164,657

 
74,672

 
68,674

 
63,217

 
General and administrative
113,632

 
85,229

 
76,732

 
64,242

 
50,107

 
Other operating expense (income)
54,723

(8)  
59,462

(5)  
28,913

(3)  
9,786

 
(898
)
 
Total operating costs and expenses
2,598,758

 
1,588,500

 
1,120,890

 
979,827

 
846,709

 
Income (loss) from operations
11,968

 
122,466

 
27,341

 
(15,680
)
 
24,643

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(23,316
)
(9)  
(1,421
)
 
(5,983
)
 
(6,532
)
 
(10,997
)
 
Interest income
2,068

 
450

 
179

 
249

 
468

 
Other income (expense)
6,418

 
(254
)
 
2,336

 
(3,936
)
 
1,514

 
(Loss) income before income taxes
(2,862
)
 
121,241

 
23,873

 
(25,899
)
 
15,628

 
Income tax (expense) benefit
(25,983
)
(10)  
75,062

(6)  
(11,231
)
 
(27,100
)
(2)  
(14,771
)
(1)  
Net (loss) income
$
(28,845
)
 
$
196,303

 
$
12,642

 
$
(52,999
)
 
$
857

 
Net (loss) income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.20
)
 
$
2.17

 
$
0.18

 
$
(0.76
)
 
$
0.01

 
Diluted
$
(0.20
)
 
$
2.11

 
$
0.18

 
$
(0.76
)
 
$
0.01

 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
141,937

 
90,477

 
70,499

 
69,650

 
69,072

 
Diluted
141,937

 
93,211

 
72,019

 
69,650

 
70,644

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of Fiscal Year End
 
2016
 
2015
(4)  
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
Cash and cash equivalents
425,881

 
299,814

 
171,898

 
101,662

 
135,524

 
Short-term investments
186,808

 
244,830

 
72,067

 
77,987

 
164,863

 
Working capital
1,135,409

(11)  
1,174,795

 
317,445

 
330,523

 
421,182

 
Total assets
6,596,819

 
6,892,379

(7)  
920,312

 
931,999

 
964,584

 
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, less current portion
988,130

(9)  

 
18

 
82,123

 
119,102

 
Stockholders' equity
4,999,672

 
6,173,160

 
676,351

 
639,014

 
672,331

 

1 Income tax expense for fiscal 2012 includes the effects of an increase of a valuation allowance against foreign net deferred tax assets.  
2 Income tax expense for fiscal 2013 includes the effects of an increase of a valuation allowance against domestic net deferred tax assets and the U.K. net deferred tax asset as a result of the decision to phase out manufacturing at our U.K. facility.  
3 Other operating expense (income) includes the impairment of intangible assets of $11.3 million and restructuring expenses of $11.1 million (see Note 10 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements), as well as acquisition related expenses of $5.1 million (see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  

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4 As a result of the Business Combination, which was completed on January 1, 2015, fiscal 2015 results include the results of TriQuint as of March 28, 2015 and for the period of January 1, 2015 through March 28, 2015.  
5 Other operating expense (income) includes acquisition and integration related expenses of $43.5 million (see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements) and restructuring expenses of $10.9 million associated with the Business Combination (see Note 10 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  
6 Income tax benefit for fiscal 2015 includes the effects of the income tax benefit generated by the reduction in the valuation allowance against domestic deferred tax assets (see Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  
7 Total assets include goodwill and intangible assets totaling approximately $4,430.7 million associated with the Business Combination (see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  
8 Other operating expense (income) includes integration related expenses of $26.5 million (see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements) and restructuring expenses of $10.1 million (including stock-based compensation) associated with the Business Combination (see Note 10 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  
9 During fiscal 2016, we issued $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.75% Senior Notes due 2023 and $550.0 million aggregate principal amount of 7.00% Senior Notes due 2025 and recorded $25.8 million of related interest expense, which was offset by $5.2 million of capitalized interest (see Note 7 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  
10 Income tax expense for fiscal 2016 includes the effects of the income tax expense generated by the increase in the valuation allowance against domestic state deferred tax assets (see Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  
11 ASU 2015-17 "Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes" was adopted in fiscal 2016, prospectively, which requires deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities to be presented as non-current in a classified balance sheet. Prior periods presented were not retrospectively adjusted (see Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).  




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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about our plans, objectives, representations and contentions, and are not historical facts and typically are identified by use of terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue” and similar words, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently. You should be aware that the forward-looking statements included herein represent management's current judgment and expectations, but our actual results, events and performance could differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements. We do not intend to update any of these forward-looking statements or publicly announce the results of any revisions to these forward-looking statements, other than as is required under U.S. federal securities laws. Our business is subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including those relating to variability in our operating results, the inability of certain of our customers or suppliers to access their traditional sources of credit, our industry’s rapidly changing technology, our dependence on a few large customers for a substantial portion of our revenue, a loss of revenue if contracts with the U.S. government or defense and aerospace contractors are canceled or delayed, our ability to implement innovative technologies, our ability to bring new products to market and achieve design wins, the efficient and successful operation of our wafer fabrication facilities, assembly facilities and test and tape and reel facilities, our ability to adjust production capacity in a timely fashion in response to changes in demand for our products, variability in manufacturing yields, industry overcapacity and current macroeconomic conditions, inaccurate product forecasts and corresponding inventory and manufacturing costs, dependence on third parties and our ability to manage platform providers and customer relationships, our dependence on international sales and operations, our ability to attract and retain skilled personnel and develop leaders, the possibility that future acquisitions may dilute our stockholders’ ownership and cause us to incur debt and assume contingent liabilities, fluctuations in the price of our common stock, additional claims of infringement on our intellectual property portfolio, lawsuits and claims relating to our products, security breaches and other similar disruptions compromising our information and exposing us to liability, and the impact of stringent environmental regulations. These and other risks and uncertainties, which are described in more detail under Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in other reports and statements that we file with the SEC, could cause actual results and developments to be materially different from those expressed or implied by any of these forward-looking statements.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto.
OVERVIEW

Company

On February 22, 2014, RF Micro Devices, Inc. (“RFMD”) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger and Reorganization as subsequently amended on July 15, 2014 (the "Merger Agreement"), with TriQuint Semiconductor, Inc. ("TriQuint") providing for the combination of RFMD and TriQuint in a merger of equals ("Business Combination") under a new holding company named Qorvo, Inc. (the “Company” or “Qorvo”). The transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement were consummated on January 1, 2015, and as a result, TriQuint's results of operations are included in Qorvo's fiscal 2015 Consolidated Statements of Operations for the period of January 1, 2015 through March 28, 2015 (the "Post-Combination Period") and for the full fiscal year of 2016.

For financial reporting and accounting purposes, RFMD was the acquirer of TriQuint in the Business Combination. Unless otherwise noted, “we,” “our” or "us” in this report refers to RFMD and its subsidiaries prior to the closing of the Business Combination and to Qorvo and its subsidiaries after the closing of the Business Combination.

Qorvo® is a leading provider of technologies and solutions that address the growing demand for always-on, high reliability, broadband data connectivity. We combine one of the industry’s broadest portfolios of radio frequency (“RF”) solutions and semiconductor technologies with deep systems-level expertise and scale manufacturing capabilities to enable a diverse set of cutting-edge customer products, including smartphones, tablets, wearables,

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broadband customer premise equipment, home automation, in-vehicle infotainment, data center and military radar and communications. Our products are helping to drive the ongoing, rapid transformation of how people around the world interact with their communities, access and use data, and transact commerce.

We have more than 7,300 global employees dedicated to delivering solutions for everything that connects the world. We have world-class ISO-certified manufacturing facilities, and our Richardson, Texas facility is a U.S. Department of Defense (“DoD”)-accredited ‘Trusted Source’ (Category 1A) for gallium arsenide (“GaAs”), gallium nitride (“GaN”) and bulk acoustic wave (“BAW”) technologies, products and services. Our design and manufacturing expertise encompasses many semiconductor process technologies, which we source both internally and through external suppliers. We operate worldwide with design, sales and manufacturing facilities located throughout Asia, Europe and North America. Our primary manufacturing facilities are located in North Carolina, Oregon, Texas and Florida, and our primary assembly and test facilities are located in China, Costa Rica and Texas.

Business Segments

We design, develop, manufacture and market our products to leading U.S. and international original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) and original design manufacturers (“ODMs”) in the following operating segments:

Mobile Products (MP) - MP is a leading global supplier of RF solutions that perform various functions in the increasingly complex cellular radio front end section of smartphones and other cellular devices. These RF solutions are required in fourth generation (“4G”) data-centric devices operating under Long-Term Evolution (“LTE”) 4G networks, as well as third generation (“3G”) and second generation (“2G”) mobile devices. Our solutions include complete RF front end modules that combine high-performance filters, power amplifiers (“PAs”), low noise amplifiers ("LNAs") and switches, PA modules, transmit modules, antenna control solutions, antenna switch modules, diversity receive modules and envelope tracking ("ET") power management devices. MP supplies its broad portfolio of RF solutions into a variety of mobile devices, including smartphones, notebook computers, wearables, tablets, and cellular-based applications for the Internet of Things (“IoT”).

Infrastructure and Defense Products (IDP) - IDP is a leading global supplier of RF solutions that support diverse global applications, including ubiquitous high-speed network connectivity to the cloud, data center communications, rapid internet connectivity throughout the home and workplace, and upgraded military capabilities across the globe. Qorvo’s RF solutions enhance performance and reduce complexity in cellular base stations, optical long haul, data center and metro networks, WiFi networks, cable networks, and emerging fifth generation (“5G”) wireless networks. Our IDP products include high power GaAs and GaN PAs, LNAs, switches, RF filter solutions, CMOS system-on-a-chip (“SoC”) solutions and various multichip and hybrid assemblies. Our market-leading RF solutions for defense and aerospace upgrade communications and radar systems for air, land and sea. Our RF solutions for the IoT enable the connected car and an array of industrial applications, and we serve the home automation market with SoC solutions based on ZigBee and Bluetooth Smart technologies.

As of April 2, 2016 , our reportable segments are MP and IDP. These business segments are based on the organizational structure and information reviewed by our Chief Executive Officer, who is our chief operating decision maker (or CODM), and are managed separately based on the end markets and applications they support. The CODM allocates resources and evaluates the performance of each operating segment primarily based on operating income and operating income as a percentage of revenue. In connection with the Business Combination, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, we renamed our Cellular Products Group operating segment as MP and our Multi-Market Products Group operating segment as IDP. Additionally, the CODM elected to discontinue reporting Compound Semiconductor Group as an operating segment (see Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report for additional information regarding our operating segments).

Fiscal 2016 Management Summary

Our revenue increased 52.6% in fiscal 2016 to $2,610.7 million as compared to $1,711.0 million in fiscal 2015 , primarily because fiscal 2015 included only three months of TriQuint revenue.


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Our gross margin for fiscal 2016 was 40.2% compared to 40.3% for fiscal 2015 . This slight decrease was primarily due to cash and non-cash expenses related to the Business Combination (including intangible amortization and stock-based compensation) and average selling price erosion. This decrease was offset by increased revenue and profitability resulting from the addition of TriQuint's operations as well as the synergies created from the Business Combination, a favorable change in product mix towards higher margin products and manufacturing- and sourcing-related cost reductions.

Our operating income was $12.0 million in fiscal 2016 as compared to $122.5 million in fiscal 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to cash and non-cash expenses related to the Business Combination (including intangible amortization and stock-based compensation) and average selling price erosion and was partially offset by increased revenue and profitability resulting from the addition of TriQuint's operations and by a favorable change in product mix towards higher margin products.

Our net loss per diluted share was $0.20 for fiscal 2016 compared to net income per diluted share of $2.11 for fiscal 2015 .

We generated positive cash flow from operations of $687.9 million for fiscal 2016 as compared to $305.6 million for fiscal 2015 . This year-over-year increase was primarily attributable to improved profitability resulting from the addition of TriQuint's operations exclusive of non-cash Business Combination expenses.

Capital expenditures totaled $315.6 million in fiscal 2016 as compared to $169.9 million in fiscal 2015 , with the increase primarily related to projects for increasing premium filter capacity as well as for manufacturing cost savings initiatives.

During fiscal 2016 , we completed the sale of $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.75% senior notes due December 1, 2023 (the “2023 Notes”) and $550.0 million aggregate principal amount of 7.00% senior notes due December 1, 2025 (the “2025 Notes” and, together with the 2023 Notes, the “Notes”), and recorded $25.8 million of related interest expense (which was offset by $5.2 million of capitalized interest).

During fiscal 2016 , we repurchased approximately 24.3 million shares of our common stock for approximately $1,300.0 million as compared to 0.8 million shares repurchased for approximately $50.9 million during fiscal 2015 .

During fiscal 2016 , we recorded integration and restructuring expenses totaling $36.6 million related to the Business Combination as compared to acquisition, integration and restructuring expenses totaling $54.4 million in fiscal 2015 .

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Consolidated

The following table presents a summary of our results of operations for fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 :

 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
(In thousands, except percentages)
Dollars
 
% of
Revenue
 
Dollars
 
% of
Revenue
 
Dollars
 
% of
Revenue
Revenue
$
2,610,726

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,710,966

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,148,231

 
100.0
%
Cost of goods sold
1,561,173

 
59.8

 
1,021,658

 
59.7

 
743,304

 
64.7

Gross profit
1,049,553

 
40.2

 
689,308

 
40.3

 
404,927

 
35.3

Research and development
448,763

 
17.2

 
257,494

 
15.0

 
197,269

 
17.2

Marketing and selling
420,467

 
16.1

 
164,657

 
9.6

 
74,672

 
6.5

General and administrative
113,632

 
4.3

 
85,229

 
5.0

 
76,732

 
6.7

Other operating expense
54,723

 
2.1

 
59,462

 
3.5

 
28,913

 
2.5

Operating income
$
11,968

 
0.5
%
 
$
122,466

 
7.2
%
 
$
27,341

 
2.4
%

36



Revenue

Our overall revenue increased $899.8 million , or 52.6% , in fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015 , primarily because fiscal 2015 included only three months of TriQuint revenue.

Our overall revenue increased $562.7 million , or 49.0% , in fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 . The increase in revenue was primarily due to the inclusion of TriQuint revenue for the Post-Combination Period and increased demand for our cellular RF solutions for smartphones.

We sold our products to our largest end customer through multiple contract manufacturers, which in the aggregate, accounted for approximately 37% , 32% and 20% of total revenue in fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 , respectively. Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. accounted for approximately 12% , 7% and 4% of our total revenue in fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 , respectively. Samsung Electronics, Co., Ltd. (Samsung), accounted for approximately 7% , 14% and 25% of our total revenue in fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 , respectively. The majority of the revenue from these customers was from our mobile product sales. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue in any of the last three fiscal years.

International shipments amounted to $2,304.4 million in fiscal 2016 (approximately 88% of revenue) compared to $1,395.2 million in fiscal 2015 (approximately 82% of revenue) and $805.4 million in fiscal 2014 (approximately 70% of revenue). Shipments to Asia totaled $2,162.1 million in fiscal 2016 (approximately 83% of revenue) compared to $1,282.2 million in fiscal 2015 (approximately 75% of revenue) and $756.1 million in fiscal 2014 (approximately 66% of revenue).

Gross Margin

Our overall gross margin for fiscal 2016 was 40.2% as compared to 40.3% in fiscal 2015 . This slight decrease was primarily due to cash and non-cash expenses related to the Business Combination (including intangible amortization and stock-based compensation) and average selling price erosion. This decrease was offset by increased revenue and profitability resulting from the addition of TriQuint's operations as well as the synergies created from the Business Combination, a favorable change in product mix towards higher margin products and manufacturing- and sourcing-related cost reductions.

Our overall gross margin for fiscal 2015 increased to 40.3% as compared to 35.3% in fiscal 2014 . This increase was primarily due to a favorable change in product mix towards higher margin products and manufacturing- and sourcing-related cost reductions. The increase was partially offset by expenses related to the Business Combination (including intangible amortization and inventory step-up), and average selling price erosion.
 
Operating Expenses

Research and Development

In fiscal 2016 , R&D expenses increased $191.3 million , or 74.3% , compared to fiscal 2015 , primarily due to the inclusion of TriQuint R&D expenses for a full fiscal year (fiscal 2015 included only three months of TriQuint expenses) and increases in headcount and product development costs related to new mobile products.

In fiscal 2015 , R&D expenses increased $60.2 million , or 30.5% , compared to fiscal 2014 , primarily due to the inclusion of TriQuint R&D expenses for the Post-Combination Period.

Marketing and Selling

In fiscal 2016 , marketing and selling expenses increased $255.8 million , or 155.4% , compared to fiscal 2015 , primarily due to marketing-related intangible asset amortization resulting from the Business Combination and the addition of TriQuint marketing and selling expenses for a full fiscal year (fiscal 2015 included only three months of TriQuint expenses).

In fiscal 2015 , marketing and selling expenses increased $90.0 million , or 120.5% , compared to fiscal 2014 , primarily due to the inclusion of TriQuint marketing and selling expenses for the Post-Combination Period.


37


General and Administrative

In fiscal 2016 , general and administrative expenses increased $28.4 million , or 33.3% , compared to fiscal 2015 , due to the inclusion of TriQuint general and administrative expenses for a full fiscal year (fiscal 2015 included only three months of TriQuint expenses).

In fiscal 2015 , general and administrative expenses increased $8.5 million , or 11.1% , compared to fiscal 2014 . This increase was due to the inclusion of TriQuint general and administrative expenses for the Post-Combination Period and was partially offset by decreased consulting expenses and IP-related legal expenses as compared to fiscal 2014.

Other Operating Expense

In fiscal 2016 , other operating expenses were $54.7 million, as compared to $59.5 million for fiscal 2015 . In fiscal 2016 , we recorded integration costs of $26.5 million and restructuring costs of $10.1 million (including stock-based compensation) associated with the Business Combination, as well as $14.1 million of start-up costs related to new processes and operations in both existing and new facilities. In fiscal 2015, other operating expenses included acquisition costs of $12.2 million, integration costs of $31.3 million, and restructuring costs of $10.9 million associated with the Business Combination.

Operating Income

Our overall operating income was $12.0 million for fiscal 2016 as compared to $122.5 million for fiscal 2015 . This decrease was primarily due to costs related to the Business Combination (including intangible amortization and stock-based compensation) and average selling price erosion and was partially offset by increased revenue and profitability resulting from the addition of TriQuint's operations as well as the synergies created from the Business Combination, a favorable change in product mix towards higher margin products and manufacturing- and sourcing-related cost reductions.

Our overall operating income was $122.5 million for fiscal 2015 as compared to $27.3 million for fiscal 2014 . This increase in operating income was primarily due to higher revenue and improved gross margin, which were partially offset by costs related to the Business Combination (including intangible amortization expense of the acquired intangible assets, inventory step-up, stock-based compensation related to the Business Combination, integration, acquisition and restructuring expenses).

Segment Product Revenue, Operating Income and Operating Income as a Percentage of Revenue

Mobile Products
 
Fiscal Year
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
2,083,334

 
$
1,395,035

 
$
935,313

Operating income
$
591,751

 
$
404,382

 
$
109,862

Operating income as a % of revenue
28.4
%
 
29.0
%
 
11.7
%

MP revenue increased $688.3 million , or 49.3% , in fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015 (fiscal 2015 included only three months of TriQuint revenue).

The decrease in MP operating income as a percentage of revenue in fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015 was primarily due to increased expenses related to the development of new mobile products, partially offset by higher gross margins (resulting from a favorable change in product mix towards higher margin products and manufacturing- and sourcing-related cost reductions, which were partially offset by average selling price erosion).

MP revenue increased $459.7 million , or 49.2% , in fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 . The increase in revenue is primarily due to the inclusion of TriQuint revenue for the Post-Combination Period and increased demand for our cellular RF solutions for smartphones.

38



MP operating income increased $294.5 million , or 268.1% , in fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 , primarily due to higher revenue and improved gross margin resulting from a favorable change in product mix towards higher margin products and manufacturing- and sourcing-related cost reductions, which were partially offset by average selling price erosion.

Infrastructure and Defense Products
 
Fiscal Year
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
(In thousands, except percentages)
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
523,512

 
$
313,274

 
$
212,897

Operating income
$
108,370

 
$
72,262

 
$
32,315

Operating income as a % of revenue
20.7
%
 
23.1
%
 
15.2
%

IDP revenue increased $210.2 million , or 67.1% , in fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015 (fiscal 2015 included only three months of TriQuint revenue).

The decrease in IDP operating income as a percentage of revenue in fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015 was primarily due to lower gross margins resulting from decreased demand for wireless infrastructure products during the first half of fiscal 2016. The demand for wireless infrastructure products began to show signs of recovery in the third quarter of fiscal 2016 and continued to improve in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016.

IDP revenue increased $100.4 million , or 47.1% , in fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 . The increase in revenue was primarily due to the inclusion of TriQuint revenue for the Post-Combination Period and increased demand for our wireless infrastructure products.

IDP operating income increased $39.9 million , or 123.6% , in fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 , primarily due to improved gross margin resulting from manufacturing- and sourcing-related cost reductions and a favorable shift in product mix towards higher margin wireless infrastructure products, which was partially offset by average selling price erosion.

See Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report for a reconciliation of segment operating income to the consolidated operating income for fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 .

OTHER (EXPENSE) INCOME AND INCOME TAXES
 
 
Fiscal Year
(In thousands)
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Interest expense
 
$
(23,316
)
 
$
(1,421
)
 
$
(5,983
)
Interest income
 
2,068

 
450

 
179

Other income (expense)
 
6,418

 
(254
)
 
2,336

Income tax (expense) benefit
 
(25,983
)
 
75,062

 
(11,231
)

Interest expense

During the third quarter of fiscal 2016, we issued $1.0 billion of Notes and recognized $25.8 million of related interest expense. Interest expense in the preceding table for fiscal 2016 is net of capitalized interest of $5.2 million . In fiscal 2017, we will record a full year of interest expense related to the Notes of approximately $69.9 million, which will be partially offset by interest capitalized to property and equipment. Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year, commencing on June 1, 2016, and will result in payments totaling approximately $71.2 million in fiscal 2017. In fiscal 2015, our 1.00% Convertible Subordinated Notes due 2014 (the "2014 Notes") became due (on April 15, 2014) and the remaining principal balance of $87.5 million plus interest of $0.4 million was paid with cash on hand.


39


Other income (expense)

Other income (expense) increased for fiscal 2016, primarily due to a gain recognized from the sale of equity securities.

Income taxes

Income tax expense for fiscal 2016 was $26.0 million , which is primarily comprised of tax expense related to international operations and tax expense of $25.1 million related to an increase in the valuation allowance against domestic state tax net operating loss and credit deferred tax assets and foreign net operating loss deferred tax assets, offset by a tax benefit arising from domestic operations. For fiscal 2016 , this resulted in an annual effective tax rate of (908.0)% .
In comparison, income tax benefit for fiscal 2015 was $75.1 million , which was primarily comprised of tax expense related to domestic and international operations offset by a tax benefit of $135.8 million related to a decrease in the valuation allowance against domestic deferred tax assets. For fiscal 2015 , this resulted in an annual effective tax rate of (61.9)% .
Income tax expense for fiscal 2014 was $11.2 million , which was primarily comprised of tax expense related to international operations. For fiscal 2014, this resulted in an annual effective tax rate of 47.1% .
A valuation allowance has been established against deferred tax assets in the taxing jurisdictions where, based upon the positive and negative evidence available, it is more likely than not that the related deferred tax assets will not be realized. Realization is dependent upon generating future income in the taxing jurisdictions in which the operating loss carryovers, credit carryovers, depreciable tax basis, and other tax deferred assets exist. It is management's intent to reevaluate the ability to realize the benefit of these deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis. As of the end of fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 , the valuation allowance against domestic and foreign deferred tax assets was $34.7 million , $13.8 million , and $143.3 million , respectively.
The valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets increased in fiscal 2016 by $20.9 million. The increase was comprised primarily of a $20.2 million increase in the valuation allowance for state deferred tax assets for net operating losses and tax credits, a $5.0 million increase in the valuation allowance for foreign net operating loss deferred tax assets, and a $4.3 million decrease in the valuation allowance related to a deferred tax asset recorded in the initial purchase price accounting for the Business Combination. The Business Combination adjustment related to a deferred tax asset which was recorded during fiscal 2015 in the initial purchase price accounting with a full valuation allowance, but which deferred tax asset was determined in fiscal 2016 to not exist as of the acquisition date. Accordingly, in fiscal 2016, that deferred tax asset was removed along with the offsetting deferred tax asset valuation allowance. During fiscal 2016, North Carolina enacted legislation to reduce the corporate income tax rate from 5% to 4% and phase-in over a three-year period a move to a single sales factor apportionment methodology. In addition, the Company underwent operational changes to leverage existing resources and capabilities of its Singapore subsidiary and consolidate operations and responsibilities associated with its foreign back-end manufacturing operations and foreign customers in that Singapore subsidiary. Together these changes result in a significant decrease in the amount of future taxable income expected to be allocated to North Carolina and the other states in which the net operating loss and credit carryovers exist. As a result, it is no longer more likely than not that those state net operating loss and credit carryovers for which a valuation allowance is being provided will be used before they expire. The foreign net operating losses relate to the China subsidiary which owns the new internal assembly and test facility that became operational during the current fiscal year and has incurred losses since inception. At the end of fiscal 2016, a $5.2 million valuation allowance remained against foreign net deferred tax assets and a $29.5 million valuation allowance remained against domestic deferred tax assets as it is more likely than not that the related deferred tax assets will not be realized, effectively increasing the domestic net deferred tax liabilities.

The valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets decreased in fiscal 2015 by $129.5 million. The decrease was comprised of $135.7 million for domestic deferred tax assets for which realization is now more likely than not with the increase in domestic deferred tax liabilities related to domestic amortizable intangible assets arising in connection with the Business Combination and other changes in the net deferred tax assets for foreign subsidiaries during the fiscal year, offset by an increase of $6.2 million related to deferred tax assets acquired in the Business Combination which are not more likely than not of being realized. At the end of fiscal 2015, a $0.2 million valuation allowance remained against foreign net deferred tax assets and a $13.6 million valuation

40


allowance remained against domestic deferred tax assets as it is more likely than not that the related deferred tax assets will not be realized, effectively increasing the domestic net deferred tax liabilities.

The valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets increased in fiscal 2014 by $20.9 million from the $164.2 million balance as of the end of fiscal 2013. The decrease was comprised of the reversal of the $12.0 million U.K. valuation allowance established during fiscal 2013 and $15.1 million related to deferred tax assets used against deferred intercompany profits, offset by increases related to a $3.4 million adjustment in the net operating losses acquired in the acquisition of Amalfi Semiconductor, Inc. ("Amalfi") and $2.8 million for other changes in net deferred tax assets for domestic and other foreign subsidiaries during the fiscal year. The U.K. valuation allowance was reversed in connection with the sale of the U.K. manufacturing facility in fiscal 2014 and the write-off of the remaining U.K. deferred tax assets.
As of April 2, 2016, we had federal loss carryovers of approximately $220.5 million that expire in fiscal years 2017 to 2035 if unused and state losses of approximately $173.5 million that expire in fiscal years 2017 to 2035 if unused. Federal research credits of $94.3 million, federal foreign tax credits of $4.9 million, and state credits of $52.4 million may expire in fiscal years 2018 to 2036, 2017 to 2026, and 2017 to 2031, respectively. Federal alternative minimum tax credits of $3.2 million carry forward indefinitely. Included in the amounts above are certain net operating losses and other tax attribute assets acquired in conjunction with the acquisitions of Filtronic Compound Semiconductors, Limited; Sirenza Microdevices, Inc.; Silicon Wave, Inc.; Amalfi; and the Business Combination in prior years. The utilization of these acquired domestic tax assets is subject to certain annual limitations as required under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 and similar state income tax provisions.

Our gross unrecognized tax benefits totaled $69.1 million as of April 2, 2016, $59.4 million as of March 28, 2015, and $39.4 million as of March 29, 2014. Of these amounts, $64.2 million (net of federal benefit of state taxes), $55.0 million (net of federal benefit of state taxes), and $30.9 million (net of federal benefit of state taxes) as of April 2, 2016, March 28, 2015, and March 29, 2014, respectively, represent the amounts of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate in each of the fiscal years.

It is our policy to recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense. During fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014, we recognized $1.6 million, $1.2 million and $0.9 million, respectively, of interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions. Accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits totaled $5.0 million, $3.4 million, and $2.3 million as of April 2, 2016, March 28, 2015, and March 29, 2014, respectively. Within the next 12 months, we believe it is reasonably possible that only a minimal amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits will be reduced as a result of reductions for tax positions taken in prior years where the only uncertainty was related to the timing of the tax deduction.

STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

Under Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") ASC 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation,” stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award using an option pricing model for stock options (Black-Scholes) and market price for restricted stock units, and is recognized as expense over the employee's requisite service period.

As of April 2, 2016 , total remaining unearned compensation cost related to nonvested restricted stock units and options was $78.9 million , which will be amortized over the weighted-average remaining service period of approximately 1.2 years .

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Cash generated by operations is our primary source of liquidity. As of April 2, 2016 , we had working capital of approximately $1,135.4 million , including $425.9 million in cash and cash equivalents, compared to working capital at March 28, 2015 , of $1,174.8 million , including $299.8 million in cash and cash equivalents.

Our total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were $612.7 million as of April 2, 2016 . This balance includes approximately $205.2 million held by our foreign subsidiaries. If all of these funds held by our foreign subsidiaries are needed for our operations in the U.S., we would be required to accrue and pay U.S. taxes to repatriate these funds. We currently expect to reinvest these funds outside of the U.S. permanently and do not expect to repatriate them to fund our U.S. operations.


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Stock Repurchase

On November 5, 2015, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program to repurchase up to $1.0 billion of our outstanding common stock through November 4, 2016.

On February 16, 2016, we entered into variable maturity accelerated share repurchase (ASR) agreements (a $250.0 million collared agreement and a $250.0 million uncollared agreement) with Bank of America, N.A.  These agreements are part of our $1.0 billion share repurchase program described above. For the upfront payment of $500.0 million, we received 3.1 million shares of our common stock under the collared agreement (representing 50% of the shares we would have repurchased assuming an average share price of $40.78) and 4.9 million shares of our common stock under the uncollared agreement (representing 80% of the shares we would have repurchased assuming an average share price of $40.78).  On March 10, 2016, we received an additional 2.0 million shares of our common stock under the collared agreement. Final settlements of the ASR agreements are expected to be completed in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.

In addition to the 10.0 million shares of our common stock that we repurchased under the ASR agreements for $500.0 million, we repurchased 4.6 million shares of our common stock on the open market for $250.0 million (under the $1.0 billion share repurchase program) in the third quarter of fiscal 2016. As of April 2, 2016, a total of $250.0 million remains authorized under this program for future repurchases.

In fiscal 2016, we also repurchased 9.7 million shares of our common stock for approximately $550.0 million under a $200.0 million program authorized in February 2015 and a $400.0 million program authorized in August 2015.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Operating activities in fiscal 2016 provided cash of $687.9 million , compared to $305.6 million in fiscal 2015 . This year-over-year increase was primarily attributable to improved profitability from the addition of TriQuint's operations exclusive of non-cash Business Combination expenses.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities in fiscal 2016 was $278.7 million , compared to $63.9 million in fiscal 2015 . This increase was due to higher capital expenditures (primarily related to projects for increasing premium filter capacity as well as for manufacturing cost savings initiatives), which was partially offset by increased proceeds from maturities of available-for-sale securities in fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015. In fiscal 2015, the Business Combination accounted for an increase in cash provided by investing activities of approximately $224.3 million.
 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities in fiscal 2016 was $282.9 million , compared to $112.9 million in fiscal 2015 . This increase in net cash used in financing activities was primarily due to the repurchase of 24.3 million shares of our common stock for approximately $1,300.0 million , which was partially offset by the net proceeds from the issuance of our Notes of approximately $987.8 million . During fiscal 2015, the remaining principal balance of the 2014 Notes of $87.5 million was paid.

Our future capital requirements may differ materially from those currently anticipated and will depend on many factors, including market acceptance of and demand for our products, acquisition opportunities, technological advances and our relationships with suppliers and customers. Based on current and projected levels of cash flow from operations, coupled with our existing cash and cash equivalents and our revolving credit facility, we believe that we have sufficient liquidity to meet both our short-term and long-term cash requirements. However, if there is a significant decrease in demand for our products, or in the event that growth is faster than we had anticipated, operating cash flows may be insufficient to meet our needs. If existing resources and cash from operations are not sufficient to meet our future requirements or if we perceive conditions to be favorable, we may seek additional debt or equity financing. We cannot be sure that any additional equity or debt financing will not be dilutive to holders of our common stock. Further, we cannot be sure that additional equity or debt financing, if required, will be available on favorable terms, if at all.


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IMPACT OF INFLATION

We do not believe that the effects of inflation had a significant impact on our revenue or operating income during fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 . Our financial results in fiscal 2017 could be adversely affected by wage and commodity price inflation (including precious metals).

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

As of April 2, 2016 , we had no off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of SEC Regulation S-K.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

The following table summarizes our significant contractual obligations and commitments (in thousands) as of April 2, 2016 , and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods.

 
Payments Due By Period
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Payments
 
Fiscal
2017
 
Fiscal 2018-2019
 
Fiscal 2020-2021
 
Fiscal 2022 and thereafter
Capital commitments
$
103,898

 
$
103,879

 
$
19

 
$

 
$

Long-term debt obligations
1,630,296

 
71,171

 
137,750

 
137,750

 
1,283,625

Operating leases
52,352

 
12,012

 
16,122

 
8,770

 
15,448

Purchase obligations
106,048

 
105,994

 
54

 

 

Cross-licensing liability
15,420

 
2,540

 
4,480

 
5,400

 
3,000

Deferred compensation
6,468

 
505

 
978

 
596

 
4,389

Total
$
1,914,482

 
$
296,101

 
$
159,403

 
$
152,516

 
$
1,306,462


Capital Commitments

On April 2, 2016 , we had capital commitments of approximately $103.9 million , primarily related to projects for increasing manufacturing capacity, as well as for equipment replacements, equipment for process improvements and general corporate requirements. In addition to the capital commitments included in the table above, in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we committed an aggregate of approximately $200.0 million in connection with signing a definitive agreement to acquire a privately-held technology company, acquiring a wafer fabrication facility which we currently plan to use to expand our BAW filter capacity (including equipment) and starting construction of a new office and design center.

Long-Term Debt

On November 19, 2015, we completed the offering of the Notes, which were sold in the United States to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and outside the United States pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act. The Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of November 19, 2015 (the “Indenture”), by and among the Company, our domestic subsidiaries that guarantee our obligations under our revolving credit facility, as guarantors (the “Guarantors”), and MUFG Union Bank, N.A., as trustee. Interest is payable on the 2023 Notes at a rate of 6.75% per annum and on the 2025 Notes at a rate of 7.00% per annum. Interest on both series of Notes is payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year, commencing on June 1, 2016.

At any time prior to December 1, 2018, we may redeem all or part of the 2023 Notes, at a redemption price equal to their principal amount, plus a “make whole” premium as of the redemption date, and accrued and unpaid interest. In addition, at any time prior to December 1, 2018, we may redeem up to 35% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2023 Notes with the proceeds of one or more equity offerings, at a redemption price equal to 106.75%, plus accrued and unpaid interest. Furthermore, at any time on or after December 1, 2018, we may redeem the 2023 Notes, in whole or in part, at once or over time, at the specified redemption prices set forth

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in the Indenture plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to the redemption date (subject to the rights of holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

At any time prior to December 1, 2020, we may redeem all or part of the 2025 Notes, at a redemption price equal to their principal amount, plus a “make whole” premium as of the redemption date, and accrued and unpaid interest. In addition, at any time prior to December 1, 2018, we may redeem up to 35% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Notes with the proceeds of one or more equity offerings, at a redemption price equal to 107.00%, plus accrued and unpaid interest. Furthermore, at any time on or after December 1, 2020, we may redeem the 2025 Notes, in whole or in part, at once or over time, at the specified redemption prices set forth in the Indenture plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon to the redemption date (subject to the rights of holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

The Indenture contains customary events of default, including, among other things, payment default, exchange default, failure to provide certain notices thereunder and certain provisions related to bankruptcy events. The Indenture also contains customary negative covenants.

The Notes have not been registered under the Securities Act, or any state securities laws, and, unless so registered, may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an applicable exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws.
  
Operating Leases

We lease certain of our corporate, wafer fabrication and other facilities from multiple third-party real estate developers. The remaining terms of these operating leases range from less than one year to 12 years . Several have renewal options of up to two ten-year periods and several also include standard inflation escalation terms. Several also include rent escalation, rent holidays and leasehold improvement incentives, which are recognized to expense on a straight-line basis. The amortization period of leasehold improvements made either at the inception of the lease or during the lease term is amortized over the lesser of the remaining life of the lease term (including renewals that are reasonably assured) or the useful life of the asset. We also lease various machinery and equipment and office equipment under non-cancelable operating leases. The remaining terms of these operating leases range from less than one year to approximately three years. As of April 2, 2016 , the total future minimum lease payments related to facility and equipment operating leases is approximately $52.4 million .

Purchase Obligations

Our purchase obligations, totaling approximately $106.0 million , are primarily for the purchase of raw materials and manufacturing services that are not recorded as liabilities on our balance sheet because we had not received the related goods or services as of April 2, 2016 .

Cross-Licensing Agreements

The cross-licensing liability represents payables under a cross-licensing agreement and are included in "Accrued liabilities" and "Other long-term liabilities" on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of April 2, 2016 .

Deferred Compensation

Commitments for deferred compensation represents the liability under our Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan (the "NDCP"). The NDCP provides eligible employees and members of the Board of Directors with the opportunity to defer a specified percentage of their cash compensation. The deferred earnings are invested at the discretion of each participating employee or director and the deferred compensation we are obligated to deliver is adjusted for increases or decreases in the deferred amount due to such investment. The current portion and non-current portion of the deferred compensation obligation is included in "Accrued liabilities" and "Other long-term liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Other Contractual Obligations

As of April 2, 2016 , in addition to the amounts shown in the Contractual Obligations table above, we had $74.1 million of unrecognized income tax benefits and accrued interest, of which $12.4 million had been recorded as a liability. We are uncertain as to if, or when, such amounts may be settled.


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As discussed in Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report, we have two pension plans in Germany with a combined benefit obligation of approximately $11.3 million as of April 2, 2016 . Pension benefit payments are not included in the schedule above as they are not available for all periods presented. Pension benefit payments were less than $0.2 million in fiscal 2016 and are expected to be similar in fiscal 2017.

Credit Agreement

On April 7, 2015, we and our Guarantors entered into a five-year unsecured senior credit facility with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent (in such capacity, the “Administrative Agent”), swing line lender, and
L/C issuer, and a syndicate of lenders (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement includes a $300.0 million revolving credit facility, which includes a $25.0 million sublimit for the issuance of standby letters of credit and a $10.0 million sublimit for swing line loans. We may request, at any time and from time to time, that the revolving credit facility be increased by an amount not to exceed $150.0 million . The revolving credit facility is available to finance working capital, capital expenditures and other corporate purposes. Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are jointly and severally guaranteed by the Guarantors. As of April 2, 2016, we have no outstanding amounts under the Credit Agreement.
 
At our option, loans under the Credit Agreement will bear interest at (i) the Applicable Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) or (ii) the Applicable Rate plus a rate equal to the highest of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50% , (b) the prime rate of the Administrative Agent, or (c) the Eurodollar Base Rate plus 1.0% (the “Base Rate”). All swing line loans will bear interest at a rate equal to the Applicable Rate plus the Base Rate. The Eurodollar Base Rate is the rate per annum equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate, as published by Bloomberg, for dollar deposits for interest periods of one, two, three or six months, as selected by us. The Applicable Rate for Eurodollar Rate loans ranges from 1.50% per annum to 2.00% per annum. The Applicable Rate for Base Rate loans ranges from 0.50% per annum to 1.00% per annum. Interest for Eurodollar Rate loans will be payable at the end of each applicable interest period or at three-month intervals, if such interest period exceeds three months. Interest for Base Rate loans will be payable quarterly in arrears. We will pay a letter of credit fee equal to the Applicable Rate multiplied by the daily amount available to be drawn under any letter of credit, a fronting fee, and any customary documentary and processing charges for any letter of credit issued under the Credit Agreement.

The Credit Agreement contains various conditions, covenants and representations with which we must be in compliance in order to borrow funds and to avoid an event of default, including financial covenants that we must maintain. On November 12, 2015, the Credit Agreement was amended to increase the size of certain of the negative covenant baskets and the threshold for certain negative covenant incurrence-based permissions and to raise the consolidated leverage ratio test from 2.50 to 1.00 to 3.00 to 1.00 as of the end of any fiscal quarter. We must also maintain a consolidated interest coverage ratio of not less than 3.00 to 1.00 as of the end of any fiscal quarter.

The Credit Agreement also contains customary events of default, and the occurrence of an event of default will increase the applicable rate of interest by 2.00% and could result in the termination of commitments under the revolving credit facility, the declaration that all outstanding loans are due and payable in whole or in part and the requirement of cash collateral deposits in respect of outstanding letters of credit. Outstanding amounts are due in full on the maturity date of April 7, 2020 (with amounts borrowed under the swing line option due in full no later than ten business days after such loan is made).

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires management to use judgment and estimates. The level of uncertainty in estimates and assumptions increases with the length of time until the underlying transactions are completed. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The accounting policies that are most critical in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements are those that are both important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations and require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management. Our critical accounting policies are reviewed periodically with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. We also have other policies that we consider key accounting policies; however, these policies typically do not require us to make estimates or judgments that are difficult or subjective (see Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report).


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Inventory Reserves. The valuation of inventory requires us to estimate obsolete or excess inventory. The determination of obsolete or excess inventory requires us to estimate the future demand for our products within specific time horizons, generally 12 to 24 months. The estimates of future demand that we use in the valuation of inventory reserves are the same as those used in our revenue forecasts and are also consistent with the estimates used in our manufacturing plans to enable consistency between inventory valuations and build decisions. Product-specific facts and circumstances reviewed in the inventory valuation process include a review of the customer base, market conditions, and customer acceptance of our products and technologies, as well as an assessment of the selling price in relation to the product cost.

Historically, inventory reserves have fluctuated as new technologies have been introduced and customers’ demand has shifted. Inventory reserves had approximately a 1% or lower impact on margins in fiscal years 2016 , 2015 and 2014 .

Revenue Recognition. Net revenue is generated principally from sales of semiconductor products. We recognize revenue from product sales when the fundamental criteria are met, such as the time at which the title and risk and rewards of product ownership are transferred to the customer, price and terms are fixed or determinable, no significant vendor obligation exists and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured.

Sales of products are generally made through either our sales force, manufacturers' representatives or through a distribution network. Revenue from the majority of our products is recognized upon shipment of the product to the customer from a Company-owned or third-party location. Some revenue is recognized upon receipt of the shipment by the customer. We have limited rebate programs offering price protection to certain distributors. These rebates represent less than 3% of net revenue and can be reasonably estimated based on specific criteria included in the rebate agreements and other known factors at the time. We reduce revenue and record reserves for product returns and allowances for price protection and stock rotation based on historical experience or specific identification depending on the contractual terms of the arrangement.

We also recognize a portion of our net revenue through other agreements such as non-recurring engineering fees, contracts for R&D work, royalty income, intellectual property (IP) revenue, and service revenue. These agreements are collectively less than 1% of consolidated revenue on an annual basis. Revenue from these agreements is recognized when the service is completed or upon certain milestones, as provided for in the agreements.
Revenue from certain contracts is recognized on the percentage of completion method based on the costs incurred to date and the total contract amount, plus the contractual fee. If these contracts experience cost overruns, the percentage of completion method is used to determine revenue recognition. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognized when the required deliverable is satisfied.
Royalty income is recognized based on a percentage of sales of the relevant product reported by licensees during the period.
In addition, we license or sell our rights to use portions of our IP portfolio, which includes certain patent rights useful in the manufacture and sales of certain products. IP revenue recognition is dependent on the terms of each agreement. We will recognize IP revenue (i) upon delivery of the IP and (ii) if we have no substantive future obligation to perform under the arrangement. We will defer recognition of IP revenue where future performance obligations are required to earn the revenue or the revenue is not guaranteed. Revenue from services is recognized during the period that the service is performed.
Accounts receivable are recorded for all revenue items listed above and do not bear interest. We evaluate the collectability of accounts receivable based on a combination of factors. In cases where we are aware of circumstances that may impair a specific customer’s ability to meet its financial obligations subsequent to the original sale, we will record an allowance against amounts due, and thereby reduce the receivable to the amount we reasonably believe will be collected. For all other customers, we recognize allowances for doubtful accounts based on the length of time the receivables are past due, industry and geographic concentrations, the current business environment and our historical experience.

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Our terms and conditions do not give our customers a right of return associated with the original sale of our products. However, we will authorize sales returns under certain circumstances, which include perceived quality problems, courtesy returns and like-kind exchanges. We evaluate our estimate of returns by analyzing all types of returns and the timing of such returns in relation to the original sale. Reserves are adjusted to reflect changes in the estimated returns versus the original sale of product.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets. Goodwill is recorded when the purchase price paid for a business exceeds the estimated fair value of the net identified tangible and intangible assets acquired. Intangibles are recorded when such assets are acquired by purchase or license. The value of our intangibles, including goodwill, could be impacted by future adverse changes such as: (i) any future declines in our operating results; (ii) a decline in the value of technology company stocks, including the value of our common stock; (iii) a prolonged or more significant slowdown in the worldwide economy or the semiconductor industry; or (iv) failure to meet the performance projections included in our forecasts of future operating results.

We account for goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets in accordance with the FASB's guidance, which requires annual testing for impairment or whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred. We perform our annual impairment tests on the first day of the fourth quarter in each fiscal year. Our i ndefinite-lived intangible assets consist of in-process research and development ("IPRD").

We have the option to perform a qualitative assessment (commonly referred to as "step zero") to determine whether further quantitative analysis for impairment of goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets is necessary. In performing step zero for our impairment test, we are required to make assumptions and judgments including but not limited to, the following: the evaluation of macroeconomic conditions as related to our business; industry and market trends; and the overall future financial performance of our reporting units and future opportunities in the markets in which they operate. We also consider recent fair value calculations of our indefinite-lived intangible assets and reporting units as well as cost factors such as changes in raw materials, labor or other costs. If the step zero analysis indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit or indefinite-lived asset is less than its respective carrying value including goodwill, then we would perform an additional quantitative analysis. For goodwill, this involves a two-step process. The first step compares the fair value of the reporting unit, including its goodwill, to its carrying value. If the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, then the second step of the process is performed to determine the amount of impairment. The second step compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit's goodwill to the carrying value of the goodwill. An impairment charge is recognized for the amount the carrying value of the reporting unit's goodwill exceeds its implied fair value.

For indefinite-lived intangible assets, the quantitative analysis compares the carrying value of the asset to its fair value and an impairment charge is recognized for the amount its carrying value exceeds its fair value. Determining the fair value of reporting units, indefinite-lived intangible assets and implied fair value of a reporting unit's goodwill is reliant upon estimated future revenues, profitability and cash flows and consideration of market factors. Assumptions, judgments and estimates are complex, subjective and can be affected by a variety of factors, including external factors such as industry and economic trends, and internal factors such as changes in our business strategy or our internal forecasts. Although we believe the assumptions, judgments and estimates we have made have been reasonable and appropriate, different assumptions, judgments and estimates could materially affect our results of operations.

Goodwill

Goodwill is allocated to our reporting units based on the expected benefit from the synergies of the business combinations generating the underlying goodwill. As of April 2, 2016 , our goodwill balance of $2,135.7 million is allocated between our MP and IDP reporting units. For fiscal 2016, although there were no indicators of impairment, we opted to bypass the qualitative assessment and proceeded to perform fair value assessments of our reporting units (the first step of the quantitative impairment analysis) on the first day of the fourth quarter in fiscal 2016 as the fair value of the reporting units have changed (due to the Business Combination) since the last time we performed a quantitative analysis.


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In performing these quantitative assessments, consistent with our historical approach, we used both the income and market approaches to estimate the fair value of our reporting units. The income approach involves discounting future estimated cash flows. The sum of the reporting unit cash flow projections was compared to our market capitalization in a discounted cash flow framework to calculate an overall implied internal rate of return (or discount rate) for the Company. Our market capitalization was adjusted to a control basis assuming a reasonable control premium, which resulted in an implied discount rate. This implied discount rate serves as a baseline for estimating the specific discount rate for each reporting unit.

The discount rate used is the value-weighted average of our estimated cost of equity and debt (“cost of capital”) derived using both known and estimated customary market metrics. Our weighted average cost of capital is adjusted for each reporting unit to reflect a risk factor, if necessary, for each reporting unit. We perform sensitivity tests with respect to growth rates and discount rates used in the income approach. We believe the income approach is appropriate because it provides a fair value estimate based upon the respective reporting unit’s expected long-term operations and cash flow performance.

We considered historical rates and current market conditions when determining the discount and growth rates used in our analysis. For fiscal 2016, the material assumptions used for the income approach were eight years of projected net cash flows and a long-term growth rate of 3% for both the MP and IDP reporting units. A discount rate of 15% and 16% was used for the MP and IDP reporting units, respectively.

In applying the market approach, valuation multiples are derived from historical and projected operating data of selected guideline companies, which are evaluated and adjusted, if necessary, based on the strengths and weaknesses of the reporting unit relative to the selected guideline companies. The valuation multiples are then applied to the appropriate historical and/or projected operating data of the reporting unit to arrive at an indication of fair value. We believe the market approach is appropriate because it provides a fair value using multiples from companies with operations and economic characteristics similar to our reporting units. We weighted the results of the income approach and the results of the market approach at 50% each and for the MP and IDP reporting units, concluded that the fair value of the reporting units was determined to be substantially in excess of the carrying value, and as such, no further analysis was warranted.

Under the income approach described above, the following indicates the sensitivity of key assumptions utilized in the assessment. A one percentage point decrease in the discount rate would have increased the fair value of the MP and IDP reporting units by approximately $660.0 million and $140.0 million, respectively, while a one percentage point increase in the discount rate would have decreased the fair value of the MP and IDP reporting units by approximately $560.0 million and $110.0 million, respectively. A one percentage point decrease in the long-term growth rate would have decreased the fair value of the MP and IDP reporting units by approximately $290.0 million and $50.0 million, respectively, while a one percentage point increase in the long-term growth rate would have increased the fair value of the MP and IDP reporting units by approximately $340.0 million and $70.0 million, respectively.

In fiscal years 2015 and 2014, we completed our annual qualitative impairment assessments of goodwill which included but were not limited to the evaluation of macroeconomic conditions as related to our business; industry and market trends; and the overall future financial performance of our reporting units and future opportunities in the markets in which they operate. For both fiscal years 2015 and 2014, based on these assessments, we concluded that goodwill was not impaired.

We intend to resume performing qualitative assessments in future fiscal years.

Intangible Assets with Indefinite Lives

In fiscal 2015, as a result of the Business Combination, we recorded IPRD of $470.0 million. IPRD was recorded at fair value as of the date of acquisition as an indefinite-lived intangible asset until t he completion or abandonment of the associated R&D efforts or impairment. The fair value of the acquired IPRD was determined based on an income approach using the "excess earnings method," which estimated the value of the intangible assets by discounting the future projected earnings of the

48


asset to present value as of the valuation date. Upon completion of development, acquired IPRD assets are transferred to finite-lived intangible assets and amortized over their useful lives. During fiscal 2016, we completed and transferred into developed technology approximately $203.0 million of IPRD. We performed a qualitative assessment of the remaining IPRD during fiscal 2016 and concluded that IPRD was not impaired.

See Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report for additional information regarding an impairment of assets recorded in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014.

Intangible Assets with Definite Lives

Intangible assets are recorded when such assets are acquired by purchase or license. Finite-lived intangible assets consist primarily of technology licenses, customer relationships, developed technology, a wafer supply agreement, trade names and backlog resulting from business combinations and are subject to amortization.

Technology licenses are recorded at cost and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the estimated useful life of the technology or the term of the license agreement, ranging from approximately five to eight years.

The fair value of customer relationships acquired during fiscal years 2013 and 2015 was determined based on an income approach using the “with and without method," in which the value of the asset is determined by the difference in discounted cash flows of the profitability of the Company "with" the asset and the profitability of the Company "without" the asset. Customer relationships are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life, ranging from three to ten years.

The f air value of developed technology acquired during fiscal years 2013 and 2015 was det ermined based on an income approach using the "excess earnings method," which estimated the value of the intangible assets by discounting the future projected earnings of the asset to present value as of the valuation date. Developed technology is amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life ranging from four to six years.

The fair value of the wafer supply agreement was determined using the incremental income method, which is a discounted cash flow method within the income approach. Under this method, the fair value was estimated by discounting to present value the additional savings from expense reductions in operations at a discount rate to reflect the risk inherent in the wafer supply agreement as well as any tax benefits. The wafer supply agreement was amortized on a units of use activity method over its useful life of approximately four years and was fully amortized as of April 2, 2016.

The fair value of trade names acquired in fiscal 2015 was determined based on an income approach using the "relief from royalty method," in which the value of the asset is determined by discounting the future projected cash flows generated from the trade name's estimated royalties. Trade names are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of three years.

The fair value of backlog acquired in fiscal 2015 was determined based on an income approach using the "excess earnings method" and was fully amortized as of April 2, 2016.

We regularly review identified intangible assets to determine if facts and circumstances indicate that the useful life is shorter than we originally estimated or that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. If such facts and circumstances exist, we assess the recoverability of identified intangible assets by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their remaining lives against their respective carrying amounts. Impairments, if any, are based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets and occur in the period in which the impairment determination was made.

Impairment of Long-lived Assets. We review the carrying values of all long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that such carrying values may not be recoverable. Factors that we consider in deciding when to perform an impairment review include significant under-

49


performance of a business, significant negative industry or economic trends, and significant changes or planned changes in our use of assets.

In making impairment determinations for long-lived assets, we utilize certain assumptions, including but not limited to: (i) estimations and quoted market prices of the fair market value of the assets; and (ii) estimations of future cash flows expected to be generated by these assets, which are based on additional assumptions such as asset utilization, length of service that the asset will be used in our operations and estimated salvage values.

Stock-Based Compensation. Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award using an option pricing model for stock options (Black-Scholes) and market price for restricted stock units, and is recognized as expense over the employee's requisite service period. The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires a number of assumptions, including the expected lives of stock options, the volatility of the public market price for our common stock and interest rates.

Income Taxes. In determining income for financial statement purposes, we must make certain estimates and judgments in the calculation of tax expense, the resultant tax liabilities, and in the recoverability of deferred tax assets that arise from temporary differences between the tax and financial statement recognition of revenue and expense.

As part of our financial process, we assess on a tax jurisdictional basis the likelihood that our deferred tax assets can be recovered. If recovery is not likely (a likelihood of less than 50 percent), the provision for taxes must be increased by recording a reserve in the form of a valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets that are estimated not to ultimately be recoverable. In this process, certain relevant criteria are evaluated including: the amount of income or loss in prior years, the existence of deferred tax liabilities that can be used to absorb deferred tax assets, the taxable income in prior carryback years that can be used to absorb net operating losses and credit carrybacks, future expected taxable income, and prudent and feasible tax planning strategies. Changes in taxable income, market conditions, U.S. or international tax laws, and other factors may change our judgment regarding whether we will be able to realize the deferred tax assets. These changes, if any, may require material adjustments to the net deferred tax assets and an accompanying reduction or increase in income tax expense which will result in a corresponding increase or decrease in net income in the period when such determinations are made. See Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report for additional information regarding changes in the valuation allowance and net deferred tax assets.

As part of our financial process, we also assess the likelihood that our tax reporting positions will ultimately be sustained. To the extent it is determined it is more likely than not that a tax reporting position will ultimately not be recognized and sustained, a provision for unrecognized tax benefit is provided by either reducing the applicable deferred tax asset or accruing an income tax liability. Our judgment regarding the sustainability of our tax reporting positions may change in the future due to changes in U.S. or international tax laws and other factors. These changes, if any, may require material adjustments to the related deferred tax assets or accrued income tax liabilities and an accompanying reduction or increase in income tax expense which will result in a corresponding increase or decrease in net income in the period when such determinations are made. See Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this report for additional information regarding our uncertain tax positions and the amount of unrecognized tax benefits.

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Effective

In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-09, "Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting." The new guidance will simplify certain aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions, including income tax consequences, forfeitures, classification of awards on the balance sheet and presentation on the statement of cash flows. The new standard will become effective for us beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. We are currently evaluating the effects this new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.


50


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)." The new standard will revise the current guidance for lessees, lessors and sale-leaseback transactions. Under the new guidance substantially all lessees will now recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all of their leases with terms greater than 12 months even if the lease is an operating lease. Consistent with current GAAP, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flow arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. The new guidance becomes effective for us in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. We are currently evaluating the effects the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, "Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities." This new standard will affect the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities measured under the fair value option and presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. In addition, the FASB clarified guidance related to the assessment of valuation allowances when recognizing deferred tax assets related to unrealized losses on available-for-sale debt securities. The new standard is effective for us beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. We are currently evaluating the effects this new standard will have on our consolidated financial statements.

In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-16, " Business Combinations (Topic 805): Simplifying the
Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments." This standard requires an acquirer in a business combination to recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustment amounts are determined. The effect on earnings of changes in depreciation, amortization or other income effects, as a result of the change in provisional amounts, are to be included in the same period’s financial statements, calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. The amendments in this update are effective for us beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and will be applied prospectively to adjustments to provisional amounts that occur after the effective date of this ASU.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, "Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory." Entities that measure their inventory other than the last-in, last-out and retail inventory methods will measure their inventory at the lower of cost or net realized value. Net realized value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs to completion, transportation, or disposal. Currently, inventory is required to be measured at the lower of cost or market where market could be the replacement cost, net realizable value, or net realizable value less an approximated normal profit margin. We will adopt the provisions of this standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and we are currently evaluating the effects it will have on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05 , "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement " which provides additional guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. Under this guidance, if a cloud computing arrangement contains a software license, customers should account for the license element of the arrangement in a manner consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If the arrangement does not contain a software license, customers should account for the arrangement as a service contract. We will adopt the provisions of this standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, and we do not expect this new guidance to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606 )" that amends existing guidance on revenue recognition. The new guidance is based on principles that an entity will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods and services to customers at an amount the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods and services. The guidance requires additional disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows and both qualitative and quantitative information about contracts with customers and applied significant judgments. The FASB has issued several amendments to the new guidance. In August 2015, they delayed the effective date for adoption by one year. In March 2016, additional guidance was issued that clarifies the principal versus agent considerations within the new revenue standard. In April 2016, additional guidance was issued that clarifies the identification of distinct performance obligations in a contract as well as clarifies the accounting for licenses of intellectual property. In May 2016, additional guidance was issued related to transition, collectibility, non-cash consideration and the presentation of sales and other similar taxes. The new amended guidance will become effective for us in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, using one of two retrospective methods of adoption. We have not determined which method we will

51


adopt and we are currently evaluating the effects the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes," which required entities to present deferred tax assets ("DTA") and deferred tax liabilities ("DTL") as non-current in a classified balance sheet. This ASU simplified the current guidance, which required entities to separately present DTAs and DTLs as current and non-current in a classified balance sheet. We adopted ASU 2015-17 in the third quarter of fiscal 2016, as we believed the adoption of this standard reduced the complexity of our consolidated financial statements as well as enhanced the usefulness of the related financial information. Prior periods presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheet were not retrospectively adjusted.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, "Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs." ASU 2015-03 required debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability's carrying value, which is consistent with the presentation of debt discounts. We elected to early adopt this guidance in fiscal 2016, and as a result, debt issuance costs are presented as a direct deduction of Long-term debt on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

Financial Risk Management

We are exposed to financial market risks, including changes in interest rates, currency exchange rates and certain commodity prices. The overall objective of our financial risk management program is to seek a reduction in the potential negative earnings effects from changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates and commodity prices arising from our business activities. We manage these financial exposures through operational means and by using various financial instruments. These practices may change as economic conditions change.

Interest Rates

Available-for-sale securities
We are exposed to interest rate risk primarily from our investments in available-for-sale securities. In accordance with an investment policy approved by the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors, our available-for-sale securities are predominantly comprised of U.S. government/agency securities, money market funds and corporate debt. We continually monitor our exposure to changes in interest rates and the credit ratings of issuers with respect to our available-for-sale securities. As a result of this monitoring and volatility of the financial markets, we adopted a more conservative investment strategy, and we are currently investing in lower risk and consequently lower interest-bearing investments. Accordingly, we believe that the effects of changes in interest rates and the credit ratings of these issuers are limited and would not have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations. However, it is possible that we would be at risk if interest rates or the credit ratings of these issuers were to change unfavorably.

At April 2, 2016 , we held available-for-sale investments with an estimated fair value of $344.0 million . We do not purchase financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Our investments are classified as available-for-sale securities and are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value with unrealized gains and losses reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income. Our cash and cash equivalents and investments earned an average annual interest rate of less than 1% in fiscal 2016 or approximately $2.1 million in interest income. In fiscal 2015, our investments earned an average annual interest rate of approximately 0.1% or approximately $0.5 million in interest income. We do not have any investments denominated in foreign currencies and therefore are not subject to foreign currency risk on such investments.

Credit Agreement
The Credit Agreement includes a $300.0 million revolving credit facility, which includes a $25.0 million sublimit for the issuance of standby letters of credit and a $10.0 million sublimit for swing line loans. We may request, at any time and from time to time, that the revolving credit facility be increased by an amount not to exceed $150.0 million . The interest rates on this facility are variable; however, since we have no outstanding balances under the Credit Agreement, there is no interest rate risk related to this facility as of April 2, 2016 .

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Currency Exchange Rates

As a global company, our results are affected by movements in currency exchange rates. Our exposure may increase or decrease over time as our foreign business levels fluctuate in the countries where we have operations, and these changes could have a material impact on our financial results. The functional currency for most of our international operations is the U.S. dollar.   We have foreign operations in Costa Rica, Europe and Asia, and a substantial portion of our revenue is derived from sales to customers outside the U.S. Our international revenue is primarily denominated in U.S. dollars. Operating expenses and certain working capital items related to our foreign-based operations are, in some instances, denominated in the local foreign currencies and therefore are affected by changes in the U.S. dollar exchange rate in relation to foreign currencies, such as the Renminbi, Euro, Pound Sterling and Costa Rican Colon. If the U.S. dollar weakens compared to the Renminbi, Euro, Pound Sterling, Costa Rican Colon and other currencies, our operating expenses for foreign operations will be higher when remeasured back into U.S. dollars. We seek to manage our foreign exchange risk in part through operational means.

For fiscal 2016 , we incurred a foreign currency loss of $0.7 million as compared to a loss of $0.2 million in fiscal 2015 , which is recorded in “Other income (expense).” 
 
Our financial instrument holdings, including foreign receivables, cash and payables at April 2, 2016 , were analyzed to determine their sensitivity to foreign exchange rate changes. In this sensitivity analysis, we assumed that the change in one currency's rate relative to the U.S. dollar would not have an effect on other currencies' rates relative to the U.S. dollar. All other factors were held constant. If the U.S. dollar declined in value 10% in relation to the re-measured foreign currency instruments, our net income would have decreased by approximately $1.6 million. If the U.S. dollar increased in value 10% in relation to the re-measured foreign currency instruments, our net income would have increased by approximately $1.3 million.

Commodity Prices

We routinely use precious metals in the manufacture of our products. Supplies for such commodities may from time to time become restricted, or general market factors and conditions may affect the pricing of such commodities. In fiscal 2015, we were able to complete process technology improvements that are replacing gold with lower-cost materials to reduce this exposure. We also have an active reclamation process to capture any unused gold. While we continue to attempt to mitigate the risk of similar increases in commodities-related costs, there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully safeguard against potential short-term and long-term commodity price fluctuations.

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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
Consolidated Statements of S tockholders' Equity
 
 


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Table of Contents
Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)


 
April 2, 2016
 
March 28, 2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (Note 3)
$
425,881

 
$
299,814

Short-term investments (Notes 1 & 3)
186,808

 
244,830

Accounts receivable, less allowance of $143 and $539 as of April 2, 2016 and March 28, 2015, respectively
316,356

 
353,830

Inventories (Notes 1 & 4)
427,551

 
346,900

Prepaid expenses
63,850

 
52,169

       Other receivables (Note 1)
47,380

 
25,816

Deferred tax assets ( Notes 1 & 11 )

 
150,208

Other current assets (Notes 1 & 8)
41,384

 
26,538

Total current assets
1,509,210

 
1,500,105

Property and equipment:
 
 
 
Land
25,255

 
25,326

Building and leasehold improvements
337,875

 
253,224

Machinery and equipment
1,188,310

 
919,651

Furniture and fixtures
13,884

 
12,951

Computer equipment and software
51,641

 
45,807

 
1,616,965

 
1,256,959

Less accumulated depreciation
(751,898
)
 
(609,576
)
 
865,067

 
647,383

Construction in progress
181,821

 
235,988

Total property and equipment, net
1,046,888

 
883,371

Goodwill (Notes 1, 5 & 6)
2,135,697

 
2,140,586

Intangible assets, net (Notes 1, 5 & 6)
1,812,515

 
2,307,229

Long-term investments (Notes 1 & 3)
26,050

 
4,083

Other non-current assets (Notes 8 & 11)
66,459

 
57,005

Total assets
$
6,596,819

 
$
6,892,379

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
205,364

 
$
182,468

Accrued liabilities (Notes 8, 9, & 10)
137,889

 
131,871

Other current liabilities ( Note 11 )
30,548

 
10,971

Total current liabilities
373,801

 
325,310

Long-term debt (Note 7)
988,130

 

Deferred tax liabilities ( Note 11 )
152,160

 
310,189

Other long-term liabilities (Notes 8, 9, 10 & 11)
83,056

 
83,720

Total liabilities
1,597,147

 
719,219

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 9)


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.0001 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock and additional paid-in capital, $.0001 par value; 405,000 shares authorized; 127,386 and 149,059 shares issued and outstanding at April 2, 2016 and March 28, 2015, respectively
5,442,613

 
6,584,247

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(3,133
)
 
(124
)
Accumulated deficit
(439,808
)
 
(410,963
)
Total stockholders’ equity
4,999,672

 
6,173,160

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
6,596,819

 
$
6,892,379

See accompanying notes.

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Table of Contents
Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)


 
Fiscal Year
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
2,610,726

 
$
1,710,966

 
$
1,148,231

Cost of goods sold ( Note 6)
1,561,173

 
1,021,658

 
743,304

Gross profit
1,049,553

 
689,308

 
404,927

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
448,763

 
257,494

 
197,269

Marketing and selling ( Note 6)
420,467

 
164,657

 
74,672

General and administrative
113,632

 
85,229

 
76,732

Other operating expense  (Notes 5, 6 & 10)
54,723

 
59,462

 
28,913

Total operating expenses
1,037,585

 
566,842

 
377,586

Income from operations
11,968

 
122,466

 
27,341

 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense ( Note 7)
(23,316
)
 
(1,421
)
 
(5,983
)
Interest income
2,068

 
450

 
179

Other income (expense)
6,418

 
(254
)
 
2,336

(Loss) income before income taxes
$
(2,862
)
 
$
121,241

 
$
23,873

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax (expense) benefit (Note 11)
(25,983
)
 
75,062

 
(11,231
)
Net (loss) income
$
(28,845
)
 
$
196,303

 
$
12,642

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income per share (Note 12):
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.20
)
 
$
2.17

 
$
0.18

Diluted
$
(0.20
)
 
$
2.11

 
$
0.18

 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding (Note 12) :
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
141,937

 
90,477

 
70,499

Diluted
141,937

 
93,211

 
72,019

 
 
 
 
 
 

See accompanying notes.





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Table of Contents
Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands)


 
Fiscal Year
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Net (loss) income
$
(28,845
)
 
$
196,303

 
$
12,642

Other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of tax
742

 
3,920

 
3

Change in pension liability, net of tax
1,153

 
(2,894
)
 
(348
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, including intra-entity foreign currency transactions that are of a long-term-investment nature
(89
)
 
(392
)
 
55

Reclassification adjustments, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
Recognized gain on marketable securities
(4,994
)
 

 

Amortization of pension actuarial loss
179

 
27

 
3

Other comprehensive (loss) income
(3,009
)
 
661

 
(287
)
Total comprehensive (loss) income
$
(31,854
)
 
$
196,964

 
$
12,355


See accompanying notes.



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Table of Contents
Qorvo, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands)


 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other